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  1. Sir Richard Francis Burton KCMG FRGS (/ ˈ b ɜːr t ən /; 19 March 1821 – 20 October 1890) was a British explorer, scholar and soldier.He was famed for his travels and explorations in Asia, Africa, and the Americas, as well as his extraordinary knowledge of languages and cultures.

    Richard Francis Burton - Wikipedia

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Francis_Burton
  2. Richard Francis Burton - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Richard_Francis_Burton

    Sir Richard Francis Burton KCMG FRGS (/ ˈ b ɜːr t ən /; 19 March 1821 – 20 October 1890) was a British explorer, scholar and soldier.He was famed for his travels and explorations in Asia, Africa, and the Americas, as well as his extraordinary knowledge of languages and cultures.

    • British
    • Mirza Abdullah the Bushri, Hâjî Abdû El-Yezdî, Frank Baker
  3. Sir Richard Burton | Biography, Facts, & Arabian Nights ...

    www.britannica.com › biography › Richard-Burton

    Mar 15, 2021 · Sir Richard Burton, English scholar-explorer and Orientalist who was the first European to discover Lake Tanganyika and to penetrate hitherto-forbidden Muslim cities. He published 43 volumes on his explorations and almost 30 volumes of translations, including an unexpurgated translation of The Arabian Nights.

  4. BBC - History - Sir Richard Burton

    www.bbc.co.uk › burton_sir_richard

    Richard Francis Burton was born in Devon on 19 March 1821. His father was an army officer. Burton accompanied his parents on their frequent trips abroad and showed an early talent for languages ...

  5. Sir Richard Burton - Foreign office | Britannica

    www.britannica.com › biography › Richard-Burton

    Sir Richard Burton - Sir Richard Burton - Foreign office: Burton now entered the British Foreign Office as consul in Fernando Po, a Spanish island off the coast of West Africa. During his three years there, he made many short trips of exploration into West Africa, gathering enough material to fill five books. His explicit descriptions of tribal rituals concerning birth, marriage, and death, as ...

  6. Richard Francis Burton: The Englishman Who Went to Mecca and ...

    www.mentalfloss.com › article › 63364

    Jul 23, 2015 · Richard Francis Burton was a hard-living combination of Thomas Jefferson and Teddy Roosevelt. By 1853, he’d already swashbuckled his way through enough adventures for several lifetimes.

  7. Historical Badass: Explorer Sir Richard Francis Burton

    www.adventure-journal.com › 2016 › 06

    Jun 30, 2016 · An explorer, spy, swordsman, snake-handler, master of 29 languages, and practicing yogi, Burton wrote the book on being a badass. Historical Badass: Explorer Sir Richard Francis Burton BLOG

  8. Richard Francis Burton | Curious Expedition Wiki | Fandom

    curious-expedition.fandom.com › wiki › Richard

    Richard Francis Burton is a challenging explorer with several stats flaws. His British Soldier companion is combat-oriented, but Richard lacks any weapon, and the party lacks blue dice for effective combos. His perk supports an outlaw strategy in that it bypasses Standing requirements for resting in villages. In addition, his Native Scout eases quick map exploration and opens opportunity for ...

  9. The Crazy Adventures Of Sir Richard Burton Explained

    www.grunge.com › 242408 › the-crazy-adventures-of

    Mar 25, 2021 · Our hero is Sir Richard Burton: the Victorian adventurer and explorer who out-swashbuckled just about everyone else. Rising from relatively boring circumstances to become a knight of the Empire and world-renowned scholar, explorer, and diplomat, Burton was the very picture of a Victorian gentleman ... on the surface. Dig down a little bit ...

  10. The Adventures of Sir Richard Francis Burton in Africa ...

    scihi.org › richard-francis-burton-africa
    • Family Background and Early Years
    • A Pilgrimage to Mecca
    • First Footsteps in East Africa
    • Lake Regions of Equatorial Africa
    • Later Years

    Since Burton’s father was a Lieutenant Colonel in the British army, his family got to travel quite a lot during his childhood. His parents provided Burton a decent education first by tutors, later by enrolling their son at a formal school. The young Richard Burton enjoyed studying languages and before attending Trinity College at Oxford, he already knew around 5 foreign languages. Burton was known to be very intelligent, but his many provocations and rule violations got him expelled from college, wherefore Burton enlisted in the army of the East India Companyin 1842. The time at the Army was very influential to Burton’s later life as an explorer, not only because he learned the Indian culture and religions but also because he learned how to use various measuring instruments.

    Enthusiastic for more adventures, Richard Francis Burton left for the journey that made him famous. He went on a pilgrimage to Mecca and Medina. Not many of non-Muslim Europeans have done this before and Burton prepared for this adventure with studies of the Muslim traditions and habits carefully in order to fit in as a ‘non believer’. Burton returned with the most detailed documentation of the Hajj ever published in Europe in the 19th century.

    Burton was now widely known for his skills and knowledge wherefore the Royal Geographical Society supported another exploration to Somalia and beyond to discover places no European had seen before. John Hanning Speke joined the adventurer after three months but unfortunately, it is believed that the group was attacked by Somali warriors, killing many of their crew, capturing Speke, who was later able to escape, and wounding Burton. Burton was partly blamed for the disaster, which was later proven wrong. Still, this trip depicted a great crack to his career and reputation. The resulting publication ‘First Footsteps in East Africa‘ was published in 1856.

    Despite the difficulties of the last expedition, the Royal Geographical Society financed Burton another expedition to find possible export resources in Africa and to discover the source of the river Nile. He was again joined by Speke. A milestone during the expedition was the arrival at Lake Tanganyika. Unfortunately, Speke turned temporally blind as a result of a disease. He was unable to enjoy the beauty of the lake as Burton described in ‘Lake Regions of Equatorial Africa‘, published in 1860. Later on it was Richard Francis Burton, who suffered from illnesses, and it was Speke who discovered Lake Victoria by himself, which he thought of as the source of river Nile. After the journey, the two famous explorers faced several professional disagreements and began harming each other’s reputations. Their most controversial topic was the source of the Nile river. It is believed that John Hanning Speke died by accidentally shooting himself in 1864, and the travel companions they never rea...

    In the following years, Burton entered the Foreign Service as consul and explored West Africa’s coast, he traveled through Brazil and was later occupied in Damascus due to his high knowledge of the local culture. In the 1860’s he founded the Anthropological Society of London, aiming to “supply travelers with an organ that would rescue their observations from the outer darkness of manuscript and print their curious information on social and sexual matters“. Burton used the last of his active work years publishing several traveling books which were well discussed due to their controversial content. His best-known contributions to literature were those considered risqué or even pornographic at the time and which were published under the auspices of the Kama Shastra society. These books include The Kama Sutra of Vatsyayana (1883) (popularly known as the Kama Sutra), The Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night (1885) (popularly known as The Arabian Nights), The Perfumed Garden of the Sha...

  11. Richard Burton - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Richard_Burton

    Richard Burton, CBE (/ ˈ b ɜːr t ən /; born Richard Walter Jenkins Jr.; 10 November 1925 – 5 August 1984) was a Welsh actor. Noted for his mellifluous baritone voice, Burton established himself as a formidable Shakespearean actor in the 1950s, and he gave a memorable performance of Hamlet in 1964.

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