The Romanian Orthodox Episcopate of America ( Romanian: Episcopia Ortodoxă Română din America) is one of three ethnic dioceses of the Orthodox Church in America (OCA), and a former diocese of the Romanian Orthodox Church. The diocesan center is located in Grass Lake, Michigan . Its territory includes parishes, monasteries, and missions ...
The Romanian Orthodox Church (Romanian: Biserica Ortodoxă Română), or Patriarchate of Romania, is an autocephalous Eastern Orthodox church in full communion with other Eastern Orthodox Christian churches, and one of the nine patriarchates in the Eastern Orthodox Church. Since 1925, the church's Primate bears the title of Patriarch.
The Romanian Orthodox Metropolia of the Americas (Romanian: Mitropolia Ortodoxă Română a celor două Americi) is an autonomous Eastern Orthodox metropolis of the Romanian Orthodox Church. The Metropolia covers the territory of the United States and Canada.
- Notable Theologians
- List of Patriarchs
- Jubilee and Commemorative Years
- Current Leaders
- See Also
- External Links
In the Principalities and the Kingdom of Romania
The Orthodox hierarchy in the territory of modern Romania had existed within the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople until 1865 when the churches in the Romanian principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia embarked on the path of ecclesiastical independence by nominating Nifon Rusailă, Metropolitan of Ungro-Wallachia, as the first Romanian primate. Prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza, who had in 1863 carr...
Restricted access to ecclesiastical and relevant state archives:446–447 makes an accurate assessment of the Romanian Orthodox Church's attitude towards the Communist regime a difficult proposition. Nevertheless, the activity of the Orthodox Church as an institution was more or less tolerated by the Marxist–Leninist atheist regime, although it was controlled through "special delegates" and its access to the public sphere was severely limited; t...
Collaboration with the Securitate
In the wake of the Romanian Revolution, the church never admitted to having ever willingly collaborated with the regime, although several Romanian Orthodox priests have publicly admitted after 1989 that they had collaborated with and/or served as informers for the Securitate, the secret police. A prime example was Bishop Nicolae Corneanu, the Metropolitan of Banat, who admitted to his efforts on behalf of the Romanian Communist Party, and denounc...
The Romanian Orthodox Church is organized in the form of the Romanian Patriarchate. The highest hierarchical, canonical and dogmatical authority of the Romanian Orthodox Church is the Holy Synod. There are six Orthodox Metropolitanates and ten archbishoprics in Romania, and more than twelve thousand priests and deacons, servant fathers of ancient altars from parishes, monasteries and social centres. Almost 400 monasteries exist inside the country, staffed by some 3,500 monks and 5,000 nuns. Three Diasporan Metropolitanates and two Diasporan Bishoprics function outside Romania proper. As of 2004, there are, inside Romania, fifteen theological universities where more than ten thousand students (some of them from Bessarabia, Bukovina and Serbiabenefiting from a few Romanian fellowships) currently study for a theological degree. More than 14,500 churches (traditionally named "lăcașe de cult", o...
Dumitru Stăniloae (1903–1993) is considered one of the greatest Orthodox theologians of the 20th century, having written extensively in all major fields of Eastern Christian systematic theology. One of his other major achievements in theology is the 45-year-long comprehensive series on Orthodox spirituality known as the Romanian Philokalia, a collection of texts written by classical Byzantine writers, that he edited and translated from Greek. Archimandrite Cleopa Ilie (1912–1998), elder of the Sihăstria Monastery, is considered one of the most representative fathers of contemporary Romanian Orthodox monastic spirituality.
Initiative of Patriarch Daniel’s, with a deep missionary impact for Church and society, has been the proclamation of jubilee and commemorative years in the Romanian Patriarchate, with solemn sessions of the Holy Synod, conferences, congresses, monastic synaxes, debates, programmes of catechesis, processions and other Church activities dedicated to the respective annual theme. 1. 2008 – The Jubilee Yearof the Holy Scripture and the Holy Liturgy; 2. 2009 – The Jubilee-Commemorative yearof Saint Basil the Great, Archbishop of Cæsarea in Cappadocia; 3. 2010 – The Jubilee Yearof the Orthodox Creed and of Romanian Autocephaly; 4. 2011 – The Jubilee Yearof Holy Baptism and Holy Matrimony; 5. 2012 – The Jubilee Yearof Holy Unction and of the care for the sick; 6. 2013 – The Jubilee Yearof the Holy Emperors Constantine and Helena; 7. 2014 – The Jubilee Year of the Eucharist (of the Holy Confession and of the Holy Communion) and the Commemorative Yearo...
The patriarchal chair is currently held by Daniel I, Archbishop of Bucharest, Metropolitan of Muntenia and Dobrudja (former Ungro-Wallachia) and Patriarch of All of the Romanian Orthodox Church. Since 1776, the Metropolitan of Ungro-Wallachia has been titular bishop of Caesarea in Cappadocia (Locțiitor al tronului Cezareei Capadociei), an honor bestowed by Ecumenical Patriarch Sophronius II. 1. Teofan Savu, Metropolitan of Moldavia and Bukovina 2. Laurențiu Streza, Metropolitan of Transylvania 3. Andrei Andreicuț, Metropolitan of Cluj, Maramureș and Sălaj 4. Ioan Selejan, Metropolitan of Banat 5. Irineu Popa, Metropolitan of Oltenia 6. Petru Păduraru, Metropolitan of Bessarabia 7. Iosif Pop, Metropolitan of Western and Southern Europe 8. Serafim Joantă, Metropolitan of Germany and Central Europe 9. Nicolae Condrea, Metropolitan of the AmericasAscension of the Lord Cathedral in Târgu MureșMetropolitan Cathedral in Iași, the largest historic Orthodox church in RomaniaOrthodox cathedral in GalațiOrthodox cathedral in Mioveni
1. Romanian Patriarchate 2. The Metropolitanate of Moldavia and Bucovina and the Archdiocese of Iași 3. (in Romanian) Boscorodirea 4. Archdiocese of Bucharest 5. (in Romanian) Portal Ortodox Românesc 6. (in Romanian) Romanian Patriarchs 7. Pilgrimage Centre in Iași, Romania 8. Article on the Romanian Orthodox Church by Ronald Roberson on the CNEWA website
1. Moldova: Government Fails in Bessarabian Church Appeal 2. Metropolitan Church of Bessarabia and Others v. Moldova 3. (in French) Romanian Orthodox Metropolitanate of Western and Southern Europe 4. (in Romanian and German) Romanian Orthodox Metropolitanate of Germany and Central Europe 5. (in Romanian and French) Romanian Church of Paris
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The Romanian Orthodox Episcopate of America is one of three ethnic dioceses of the Orthodox Church in America (OCA), and a former diocese of the Romanian Orthodox Church. The diocesan center is located in Jackson, Michigan.
- Canonical Status
- List of Patriarchs
- Structure of The Patriarchate
- Romanian Saints
- Churches and Monasteries
- External Links
Some Romanian Orthodox regard their church to be the first national, first attested, and first apostolic church in Europe and view the Apostle Andrewas the church's founder. Most historians, however, hold that Christianity was brought to Romania by the occupying Romans. The Roman province had traces of all imperial religions, including Mithraism, but Christianity, a religio illicita, existed among some of the Romans. The Roman Empire soon found it was too costly to maintain a permanent garrison north of the lower Danube. As a whole, from 106 AD a permanent military and administrative Roman presence was registered only until 276 AD. (In comparison, Britain was militarily occupied by Romans for more than six centuries—and English is certainly not a Romance language, while the Church of England had no Archbishop before the times of Pope St. Gregory the Great.) Clearly, Dacians must have been favored linguistically and religiously by some unique ethnological features, so that after only...
The Church of Romania is organized as a patriarchate. The highest hierarchical and canonical authority of the church is the Holy Synod.
Metropolitan See of Muntenia and Dobrogea 1. Archdiocese of Bucharest 2. Archdiocese of Tomis 3. Archdiocese of Târgovişte 4. Diocese of Buzău 5. Diocese of Argeş and Muscel 6. Diocese of Dunărea de Jos 7. Diocese of Slobozia and Călăraşi 8. Diocese of Alexandria and Teleorman 9. Diocese of Giurgiu Metropolitan See of Moldova and Bucovina 1. Archdiocese of Iaşi 2. Archdiocese of Suceava and Rădăuţi 3. Diocese of Roman 4. Diocese of Huşi Metropolitan See of Transylvania (Ardeal) 1. Archdiocese of Sibiu 2. Diocese of Covasna and Harghita Metropolitan See of Cluj, Alba, Crişana and Maramureş 1. Archdiocese of Vad, Feleac, and Cluj 2. Archdiocese of Alba Iulia 3. Diocese of Oradea (including Bihor and Sălaj) 4. Diocese of Maramureş and Sătmar Metropolitan See of Oltenia 1. Archdiocese of Craiova 2. Diocese of Râmnic 3. Diocese of Severin and Strehaia Metropolitan See of Banat 1. Archdiocese of Timişoara 2. Diocese of Arad, Ienopole, and Hălmagiu 3. Diocese of Caransebeş 4. Romanian Orth...
Wikipedia:Romanian Orthodox Church(as of Jan. 22, 2005) provided the initial form, but article has been significantly revised and expanded in the interim.
- Patr. Daniel
- 1885 by Constantinople
- Apostle Andrew