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  1. The Romanian Orthodox Episcopate of America ( Romanian: Episcopia Ortodoxă Română din America) is one of three ethnic dioceses of the Orthodox Church in America (OCA), and a former diocese of the Romanian Orthodox Church. The diocesan center is located in Grass Lake, Michigan . Its territory includes parishes, monasteries, and missions ...

  2. The Romanian Orthodox Church (Romanian: Biserica Ortodoxă Română), or Patriarchate of Romania, is an autocephalous Eastern Orthodox church in full communion with other Eastern Orthodox Christian churches, and one of the nine patriarchates in the Eastern Orthodox Church. Since 1925, the church's Primate bears the title of Patriarch.

    • 16,367,267 in Romania; 720,000 in Moldova 11,203 in United States
    • Romania, Moldova
  3. The Romanian Orthodox Metropolia of the Americas (Romanian: Mitropolia Ortodoxă Română a celor două Americi) is an autonomous Eastern Orthodox metropolis of the Romanian Orthodox Church. The Metropolia covers the territory of the United States and Canada.

    • History
    • Organization
    • Notable Theologians
    • List of Patriarchs
    • Jubilee and Commemorative Years
    • Current Leaders
    • Gallery
    • See Also
    • External Links

    In the Principalities and the Kingdom of Romania

    The Or­tho­dox hi­er­ar­chy in the ter­ri­tory of mod­ern Ro­ma­nia had ex­isted within the ec­cle­si­as­ti­cal ju­ris­dic­tion of the Ec­u­meni­cal Pa­tri­ar­chate of Con­stan­tino­ple until 1865 when the churches in the Ro­man­ian prin­ci­pal­i­ties of Mol­davia and Wal­lachia em­barked on the path of ec­cle­si­as­ti­cal in­de­pen­dence by nom­i­nat­ing Nifon Ru­sailă, Met­ro­pol­i­tan of Un­gro-Wal­lachia, as the first Ro­man­ian pri­mate. Prince Alexan­dru Ioan Cuza, who had in 1863 car­r...

    Communist period

    Re­stricted ac­cess to ec­cle­si­as­ti­cal and rel­e­vant state archives:446–447 makes an ac­cu­rate as­sess­ment of the Ro­man­ian Or­tho­dox Church's at­ti­tude to­wards the Com­mu­nist regime a dif­fi­cult propo­si­tion. Nev­er­the­less, the ac­tiv­ity of the Or­tho­dox Church as an in­sti­tu­tion was more or less tol­er­ated by the Marx­ist–Lenin­ist athe­ist regime, al­though it was con­trolled through "spe­cial del­e­gates" and its ac­cess to the pub­lic sphere was se­verely lim­ited; t...

    Collaboration with the Securitate

    In the wake of the Ro­man­ian Rev­o­lu­tion, the church never ad­mit­ted to hav­ing ever will­ingly col­lab­o­rated with the regime, al­though sev­eral Ro­man­ian Or­tho­dox priests have pub­licly ad­mit­ted after 1989 that they had col­lab­o­rated with and/or served as in­form­ers for the Se­cu­ri­tate, the se­cret po­lice. A prime ex­am­ple was Bishop Nico­lae Corneanu, the Met­ro­pol­i­tan of Banat, who ad­mit­ted to his ef­forts on be­half of the Ro­man­ian Com­mu­nist Party, and de­nounc...

    The Ro­man­ian Or­tho­dox Church is or­ga­nized in the form of the Ro­man­ian Pa­tri­ar­chate. The high­est hi­er­ar­chi­cal, canon­i­cal and dog­mat­i­cal au­thor­ity of the Ro­man­ian Or­tho­dox Church is the Holy Synod. There are six Or­tho­dox Met­ro­pol­i­tanates and ten arch­bish­oprics in Ro­ma­nia, and more than twelve thou­sand priests and dea­cons, ser­vant fa­thers of an­cient al­tars from parishes, monas­ter­ies and so­cial cen­tres. Al­most 400 monas­ter­ies exist in­side the coun­try, staffed by some 3,500 monks and 5,000 nuns. Three Di­as­po­ran Metropolitanates and two Di­as­po­ran Bishoprics func­tion out­side Ro­ma­nia proper. As of 2004, there are, in­side Ro­ma­nia, fif­teen the­o­log­i­cal uni­ver­si­ties where more than ten thou­sand stu­dents (some of them from Bessara­bia, Bukov­ina and Ser­biaben­e­fit­ing from a few Ro­man­ian fel­low­ships) cur­rently study for a the­o­log­i­cal de­gree. More than 14,500 churches (tra­di­tion­ally named "lăcașe de cult", o...

    Du­mitru Stăniloae (1903–1993) is con­sid­ered one of the great­est Or­tho­dox the­olo­gians of the 20th cen­tury, hav­ing writ­ten ex­ten­sively in all major fields of East­ern Chris­t­ian sys­tem­atic the­ol­ogy. One of his other major achieve­ments in the­ol­ogy is the 45-year-long com­pre­hen­sive se­ries on Or­tho­dox spir­i­tu­al­ity known as the Ro­man­ian Philokalia, a col­lec­tion of texts writ­ten by clas­si­cal Byzan­tine writ­ers, that he edited and trans­lated from Greek. Archi­man­drite Cleopa Ilie (1912–1998), elder of the Sihăstria Monastery, is con­sid­ered one of the most rep­re­sen­ta­tive fa­thers of con­tem­po­rary Ro­man­ian Or­tho­dox monas­tic spirituality.

    Ini­tia­tive of Pa­tri­arch Daniel’s, with a deep mis­sion­ary im­pact for Church and so­ci­ety, has been the procla­ma­tion of ju­bilee and com­mem­o­ra­tive years in the Ro­man­ian Pa­tri­ar­chate, with solemn ses­sions of the Holy Synod, con­fer­ences, con­gresses, monas­tic synaxes, de­bates, pro­grammes of cat­e­ch­esis, pro­ces­sions and other Church ac­tiv­i­ties ded­i­cated to the re­spec­tive an­nual theme. 1. 2008 – The Jubilee Yearof the Holy Scripture and the Holy Liturgy; 2. 2009 – The Jubilee-Commemorative yearof Saint Basil the Great, Archbishop of Cæsarea in Cappadocia; 3. 2010 – The Jubilee Yearof the Orthodox Creed and of Romanian Autocephaly; 4. 2011 – The Jubilee Yearof Holy Baptism and Holy Matrimony; 5. 2012 – The Jubilee Yearof Holy Unction and of the care for the sick; 6. 2013 – The Jubilee Yearof the Holy Emperors Constantine and Helena; 7. 2014 – The Jubilee Year of the Eucharist (of the Holy Confession and of the Holy Communion) and the Commemorative Yearo...

    The pa­tri­ar­chal chair is cur­rently held by Daniel I, Arch­bishop of Bucharest, Met­ro­pol­i­tan of Munte­nia and Do­brudja (for­mer Un­gro-Wal­lachia) and Pa­tri­arch of All of the Ro­man­ian Or­tho­dox Church.[citation needed] Since 1776, the Met­ro­pol­i­tan of Un­gro-Wal­lachia has been tit­u­lar bishop of Cae­sarea in Cap­pado­cia (Locțiitor al tronu­lui Ceza­reei Capadociei), an honor be­stowed by Ec­u­meni­cal Pa­tri­arch Sophro­nius II. 1. Teofan Savu, Metropolitan of Moldavia and Bukovina 2. Laurențiu Streza, Metropolitan of Transylvania 3. Andrei Andreicuț, Metropolitan of Cluj, Maramureș and Sălaj 4. Ioan Selejan, Metropolitan of Banat 5. Irineu Popa, Metropolitan of Oltenia 6. Petru Păduraru, Metropolitan of Bessarabia 7. Iosif Pop, Metropolitan of Western and Southern Europe 8. Serafim Joantă, Metropolitan of Germany and Central Europe 9. Nicolae Condrea, Metropolitan of the Americas

    As­cen­sion of the Lord Cathe­dral in Târgu Mureș
    Met­ro­pol­i­tan Cathe­dral in Iași, the largest his­toric Or­tho­dox church in Ro­ma­nia
    Or­tho­dox cathe­dral in Galați
    Or­tho­dox cathe­dral in Mioveni


    1. Romanian Patriarchate 2. The Metropolitanate of Moldavia and Bucovina and the Archdiocese of Iași 3. (in Romanian) Boscorodirea 4. Archdiocese of Bucharest 5. (in Romanian) Portal Ortodox Românesc 6. (in Romanian) Romanian Patriarchs 7. Pilgrimage Centre in Iași, Romania 8. Article on the Romanian Orthodox Church by Ronald Roberson on the CNEWA website

    Outside Romania

    1. Moldova: Government Fails in Bessarabian Church Appeal 2. Metropolitan Church of Bessarabia and Others v. Moldova 3. (in French) Romanian Orthodox Metropolitanate of Western and Southern Europe 4. (in Romanian and German) Romanian Orthodox Metropolitanate of Germany and Central Europe 5. (in Romanian and French) Romanian Church of Paris

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  5. The Romanian Orthodox Episcopate of America is one of three ethnic dioceses of the Orthodox Church in America (OCA), and a former diocese of the Romanian Orthodox Church. The diocesan center is located in Jackson, Michigan.

    • History
    • Canonical Status
    • List of Patriarchs
    • Structure of The Patriarchate
    • Romanian Saints
    • Churches and Monasteries
    • Source
    • External Links

    Some Romanian Orthodox regard their church to be the first national, first attested, and first apostolic church in Europe and view the Apostle Andrewas the church's founder. Most historians, however, hold that Christianity was brought to Romania by the occupying Romans. The Roman province had traces of all imperial religions, including Mithraism, but Christianity, a religio illicita, existed among some of the Romans. The Roman Empire soon found it was too costly to maintain a permanent garrison north of the lower Danube. As a whole, from 106 AD a permanent military and administrative Roman presence was registered only until 276 AD. (In comparison, Britain was militarily occupied by Romans for more than six centuries—and English is certainly not a Romance language, while the Church of England had no Archbishop before the times of Pope St. Gregory the Great.) Clearly, Dacians must have been favored linguistically and religiously by some unique ethnological features, so that after only...

    The Church of Romania is organized as a patriarchate. The highest hierarchical and canonical authority of the church is the Holy Synod.

    Metropolitan See of Muntenia and Dobrogea 1. Archdiocese of Bucharest 2. Archdiocese of Tomis 3. Archdiocese of Târgovişte 4. Diocese of Buzău 5. Diocese of Argeş and Muscel 6. Diocese of Dunărea de Jos 7. Diocese of Slobozia and Călăraşi 8. Diocese of Alexandria and Teleorman 9. Diocese of Giurgiu Metropolitan See of Moldova and Bucovina 1. Archdiocese of Iaşi 2. Archdiocese of Suceava and Rădăuţi 3. Diocese of Roman 4. Diocese of Huşi Metropolitan See of Transylvania (Ardeal) 1. Archdiocese of Sibiu 2. Diocese of Covasna and Harghita Metropolitan See of Cluj, Alba, Crişana and Maramureş 1. Archdiocese of Vad, Feleac, and Cluj 2. Archdiocese of Alba Iulia 3. Diocese of Oradea (including Bihor and Sălaj) 4. Diocese of Maramureş and Sătmar Metropolitan See of Oltenia 1. Archdiocese of Craiova 2. Diocese of Râmnic 3. Diocese of Severin and Strehaia Metropolitan See of Banat 1. Archdiocese of Timişoara 2. Diocese of Arad, Ienopole, and Hălmagiu 3. Diocese of Caransebeş 4. Romanian Orth...

    Wikipedia:Romanian Orthodox Church(as of Jan. 22, 2005) provided the initial form, but article has been significantly revised and expanded in the interim.

    • 1865
    • Patr. Daniel
    • 1885 by Constantinople
    • Apostle Andrew
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