The Romic Alphabet, sometimes known as the Romic Reform, is a phonetic alphabet proposed by Henry Sweet. It descends from Ellis's Palaeotype alphabet and English Phonotypic Alphabet, and is the direct ancestor of the International Phonetic Alphabet. In Romic every sound had a dedicated symbol, and every symbol represented a single sound. There were no capital letters; there were letters derived from small capitals, though these were distinct letters. There were two variants, Broad Romic and Narr
Their original alphabet was based on a spelling reform for English known as the Romic alphabet, but to make it usable for other languages the values of the symbols were allowed to vary from language to language.
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In 1886, a group of French and British language teachers formed the International Phonetic Association. These teachers used the Romic alphabetat first. They later changed the alphabet so that different languages would all write the same sounds with the same letters.
The IPA is made to have one symbol for every sound. This means that every letter always makes the same one sound. This is different from English. In English, some letters make multiple sounds. For example, the letter in English normally is spoken as two sounds ([ks]), but could also mean [gz] or [z].
The International Phonetic Alphabet has letters for three types of sounds: pulmonic consonants, non-pulmonic consonants, and vowels.
Romic alphabet. International Phonetic Alphabet. The official chart of the IPA, revised in 2020. The International Phonetic Alphabet ( IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin script.
Spelling reforms are attempts to regularise English spelling, whether by enforcing a regular set of rules, or by replacing the basic English alphabet with a new one. English spelling reforms include: Using the basic English alphabet: Cut Spelling; Parallel English; Handbook of Simplified Spelling; SoundSpel; Spelling Reform step 1 (SR1) SaypU (Spell As You Pronounce Universally) Simpel-Fonetik method of writing; Extending or replacing the basic English alphabet: Benjamin Franklin's phonetic ...
Two of his novel letters survived: ʃ and ʒ were passed on to Henry Sweet's Romic alphabet and from there to the International Phonetic Alphabet. Alexander John Ellis - Wikipedia Their original alphabet was based on a spelling reform for English known as the Romic alphabet , but to make it usable for other languages, the values of the symbols were allowed to vary from language to language.