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  1. Roswell incident - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Roswell_UFO_incident
    • Events of July 1947
    • Subsequent Publications and Conspiracy Claims
    • Evidence
    • Presidential Comments
    • Roswell as Myth
    • in Popular Fiction
    • See Also
    • Further Reading

    The Roswell incident occurred amid the flying saucer craze of 1947. On June 26, media nationwide had reported civilian pilot Kenneth Arnold's storyof seeing what he labelled "Flying Saucers". Historians would later chronicle over 800 "copycat" sightings that were reported after the Arnold story was published.

    After 30 years, interest in the Roswell incident surged in the late 1970s. The Roswell incident was featured in films, TV shows, and books. By the 1990s, mainstream political interest resulted in an Air Force report that identified the debris as a Project Mogul balloon. Amid increasingly-complex conspiracy theories, multiple hoaxes and legends about "alien bodies" were incorporated into the Roswell mythos. The trend culminating in 1995's purported footage of an "Alien Autopsy", which filmmakers later revealed to be a hoax (though they preferred the term "reconstruction").

    Although there is no evidence that a UFO crashed at Roswell, believers firmly hold to the belief that one did, and that the truth has been concealed as a result of a government conspiracy.B. D. Gildenberg has called the Roswell incident "the world's most famous, most exhaustively investigated, and most thoroughly debunked UFO claim". Pflock said, "[T]he case for Roswell is a classic example of the triumph of quantity over quality. The advocates of the crashed-saucer tale ... simply shovel everything that seems to support their view into the box marked 'Evidence' and say, 'See? Look at all this stuff. We must be right.' Never mind the contradictions. Never mind the lack of independent supporting fact. Never mind the blatant absurdities."Korff suggests there are clear incentives for some people to promote the idea of aliens at Roswell, and that many researchers were not doing competent work: "[The] UFO field is comprised of people who are willing to take advantage of the gullibility o...

    In a 2012 visit to Roswell, Obama joked "I come in peace", while in December 2020, Obama joked with Stephen Colbert: "It used to be that UFOs and Roswell was the biggest conspiracy. And now that seems so tame, the idea that the government might have an alien spaceship." In a 2014 interview, former President Bill Clinton reported that his administration had investigated the incident, saying "When the Roswell thing came up, I knew we’d get gazillions of letters. So I had all the Roswell papers reviewed, everything". When asked during a 2015 interview with GQ magazine about whether he had looked at top-secret classified information, President Barack Obama replied, "I gotta tell you, it's a little disappointing. People always ask me about Roswell and the aliens and UFOs, and it turns out the stuff going on that's top secret isn't nearly as exciting as you expect. In this day and age, it's not as top secret as you'd think."In June of 2020, then-President Donald Trump, when asked if he wo...

    A June 1997 CNN/Time poll revealed that the majority of people interviewed believed that aliens had indeed visited Earth, and that aliens had landed at Roswell, but that all the relevant information was being kept secret by the US government. According to anthropologists Susan Harding and Kathleen Stewart, the Roswell Story was a prime example of how a discourse moved from the fringes to the mainstream according to the prevailing zeitgeist: public preoccupation in the 1980s with "conspiracy, cover-up and repression" aligned well with the Roswell narratives as told in the "sensational books" which were being published. Additionally, skeptics and some social anthropologistssaw the increasingly elaborate accounts of alien crash landings and government cover-ups as evidence of a myth being constructed. Prominent skeptics Joe Nickell and co-author James McGaha identified a myth-making process, which they called the "Roswellian syndrome". In this syndrome, a myth is proposed to have five...

    In the 1980 film Hangar 18, an alien ship crashes in the desert of the US Southwest. Debris and bodies are recovered, but their existence is covered up by the government. Filmmaker James L. Conways...
    The 1993-2002 TV series The X-Files included the Roswell Incident as a recurring motif, most prominently in My Struggle. The 1996 episode Jose Chung's From Outer Space satirized the Santelli Alien...
    In the 1995 Star Trek: Deep Space Nine episode Little Green Men, protagonists from the 24th century travel back in time and cause the Roswell incident.
    In the 1996 film Independence Day, an alien invasion prompts the revelation of a Roswell crash and cover-up extending even to the President of the United States.

    Books, articles 1. Broad, William J (18 September 1994). "Wreckage in the Desert Was Odd but Not Alien". New York Times. 2. Sobel D (1995). "The truth about Roswell". Omni. 17(8): 90. 3. Frazier, Kendrick; Karr, Barry; Nickell, Joe (1996). The UFO Invasion: The Roswell Incident, Alien Abductions, and Government Coverups. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books. ISBN 1573921319. Web resources 1. Walker Air Force Base at Roswell online museum

  2. Roswell UFO incident - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    nlp.cs.nyu.edu › meyers › controversial-wikipedia
    • Background
    • Contemporary Accounts of Materials Found
    • Alien Accounts Emerge
    • Air Force and Skeptics Respond to Alien Reports
    • Recent Developments
    • Cultural Influence
    • Further Reading
    • External Links

    On July 8, 1947, the Roswell Army Air Field (RAAF) issued a press release stating that personnel from the field's 509th Bomb Group had recovered a crashed "flying disc" from a ranch near Roswell, sparking intense media interest. Later the same day, the Commanding General of the Eighth Air Force stated that in fact, a weather balloon had been recovered by RAAF personnel, rather than a "flying disc." A subsequent press conference was called, featuring debris said to be from the crashed object that seemed to confirm the weather balloon description. The case was quickly forgotten and almost completely ignored, even by UFO researchers, for some 30 years. Then, in 1978, ufologist Stanton T. Friedman interviewed Major Jesse Marcel, who was involved with the original recovery of the debris in 1947. Marcel expressed his belief that the military had covered up the recovery of an alien spacecraft. His story circulated through UFO circles, being featured in some UFO documentaries at the time. I...

    On July 8th, 1947, reports emerged from the Roswell Army Air Field that a "flying disc" had been recovered. The following historical account reconstructs a timeline of events as described and recorded in initial news reports. On June 14, farmer William "Mac" Brazel noticed some strange debris while working on a ranch 70 miles from Roswell. This exact date (or "about three weeks" before July 8) is a point of contention, but is repeated in several initial accounts, in particular the stories that quote Brazel and in a telex sent a few hours after the story broke quoting Sheriff George Wilcox (whom Brazel first contacted). The initial report from the Roswell Army Air Field said the find was "sometime last week," but that description may have been a fourth-hand account of what Brazel actually said, and mentions the sheriff as the one who contacted them about the find. Brazel told the Roswell Daily Record that he and his son saw a "large area of bright wreckage made up of rubber strips, t...

    [edit] New witness accounts and Roswell UFO books

    In 1978, author Stanton T. Friedman interviewed Jesse Marcel, the only person known to have accompanied the Roswell debris from where it was recovered to Fort Worth. Over the next 15 years or so, the accounts he and others gave elevated Roswell from a forgotten incident to perhaps the most famous UFO case of all time. By the early 1990s, UFO researchers such as Friedman, Karl Pflock, and the team of Kevin Randle and Don Schmitt had interviewed several hundred people who had, or claimed to hav...

    [edit] Air Force Reports on the Roswell UFO incident

    1. Main article: Air Force reports on the Roswell UFO incident In the mid-1990s, the Air Force issued two reports which, they said, accounted for the debris found and reported on in 1947, and which also accounted for the later reports of alien recoveries. The reports identifed the debris as coming from a secret government experiment called Project Mogul, and alien accounts as resulting from misidentified military experiments or accidents involving anthropomorphic dummies and injured or killed...

    [edit] Skeptical response to alien accounts

    While new reports into the 1990s seemed to suggest there was much more to the Roswell incident than the mere recovery of a weather balloon, skepticsinstead saw the increasingly elaborate accounts as evidence of a myth being constructed. After the release of the Air Force reports in the mid-1990s, several books, such as Kal K. Korff's "The Roswell UFO Crash: What They Don't Want You To Know" published in 1997, built on the evidence presented in the Air Force reports to conclude "there is no cr...

    One of the immediate outcomes of the Air Force reports on the Roswell UFO incident was the decision by some prominent UFO researchers to view the Roswell incident as not involving any alien craft. While the initial Air Force report was a chief reason for this, another was the release of secret documents from 1948 which showed that top Air Force officials did not know what the UFO objects being reported in the media were and their suspicion they might be Sovietspy vehicles. In January 1997, Karl T. Pflock, one of the more prominent pro-UFO researchers, said “Based on my research and that of others, I'm as certain as it's possible to be without absolute proof that no flying saucer or saucers crashed in the general vicinity of Roswell or on the Plains of San Agustin in 1947. The debris found by Mac Brazel...was the remains of something very earthly, all but certainly something from the Top Secret Project Mogul....The formerly highly classified record of correspondence and discussions a...

    [edit] Tourism in Roswell

    Over the last few decades, business leaders in Roswell have taken advantage of growing interest in the 1947 incident, molding the town into a tourist destination for UFO enthusiasts. The city's main attraction is the International UFO Museum and Research Center, which has attracted over 2.5 million visitors from around the world since opening in 1992. The museum was founded by former RAAF public relations director Walter Haut, and it displays alleged debris from the crash alongside models of...

    [edit] Roswell incident in popular entertainment

    The Roswell incident has become a popular subject of science fiction movies, television series, video games, books, and music. Kevin D. Randle and Donald R. Schmitt's 1991 nonfiction book UFO Crash at Roswell inspired the 1994 American television film Roswell, which starred Martin Sheen and Kyle McLachlan. The film received a Golden Globe Award nomination for Best Mini-Series or Motion Picture Made for Television, but did not win. An American television series called Roswell aired from 1999 t...

    Stanton T. Friedman and Don Berliner, Crash at Corona, Marlowe & Co., 1992, ISBN 1-931044-89-9
    Stanton T. Friedman, Top Secret/Majic: Operation Majestic-12 and the United States Government's UFO Cover-up, Marlowe & Co., 1996, ISBN 1-56924-342-5
    Michael Hesemann and Philip Mantle, Beyond Roswell: the alien autopsy film, area 51, and the U.S. government coverup of UFO's, Marlowe & Company, 1997, ISBN 1-56924-709-9
    Curtis Peebles, Watch the Skies!: A Chronicle of the Flying Saucer Myth, Smithsonian Institution Press, 1994, ISBN 1-56098-343-4
  3. People also ask

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  4. List of reported UFO sightings - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › List_of_reported_UFO_sightings

    The UFO sighting that sparked the name flying saucers. This sighting is considered as the start of the "Modern UFO era". 1947-06/07 1947 UFO sightings: mostly Washington: United States Several UFO sightings reported after the sighting of Kenneth Arnold. 1947-06 The Roswell Incident: about 30 mi north of Roswell, New Mexico: United States

  5. Project BLUE BOOK - Unidentified Flying Objects | National ...

    www.archives.gov › research › military
    • General Information
    • Project Blue Book Reference Report
    • U.S. Air Force Fact Sheet Concerning Ufo's and Project Blue Book
    • Majestic 12 Or "Mj-12" Reference Report
    • The "Roswell Incident"

    The United States Air Force retired to the custody of the National Archives its records on Project BLUE BOOK relating to the investigations of unidentified flying objects. Project BLUE BOOK has been declassified and the records are available for examination in our research room. The project closed in 1969 and we have no information on sightings after that date. The National Archives has received numerous inquiries concerning documents identified as "MJ12" and "Briefing Document: Operation Majestic 12." We have made extensive searches among the records in our custody of the U.S. Air Force and the Joint Chiefs of Staff to identify these documents. The Truman and Eisenhower Libraries have also searched their holdings for any references to, or copies of, the documents. In addition, the records of the National Security Council (NSC) for the Truman and Eisenhower Administrations are in the custody of the National Archives. Searches were made of the indexes to the NSC's Policy Paper and Me...

    Textual records of Project BLUE BOOK (the documentation relating to investigations of unidentified flying objects), excluding names of people involved in the sightings, are now available for research in the National Archives Building. The records include approximately 2 cubic feet of unarranged project or administrative files, 37 cubic feet of case files in which individual sightings are arranged chronologically, and 3 cubic feet of records relating to the Office of Special Investigations (OSI), portions of which are arranged chronologically, by OSI district, and by overseas command. A cubic foot of records comprises about 2,000 pages. Finding aids for these records include a file list for the project files and an index to individual sightings, entered by date and location. Access to BLUE BOOK textual records is by means of 94 rolls of 35mm microfilm (T-1206) in the National Archives Microfilm Reading Room. The first microfilm roll includes a list of contents for all of the rolls an...

    The following is a copy of the US Air Force Fact Sheet distributed by Wright-Patterson AFB in January 1985. United States Air Force Public Affairs Division, Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433

    The National Archives has received many requests for documentation and information about "Project MJ-12." Many of the inquiries concern a memorandum from Robert Cutler to Gen. Nathan Twining, dated July 14, 1954. This particular document poses problems for the following reasons: 1. The document was located in Record Group 341, entry 267. The series is filed by a Top Secret register number. This document does not bear such a number. 2. The document is filed in the folder T4-1846. There are no other documents in the folder regarding "NSC/MJ-12." 3. Researchers on the staff of the National Archives have searched in the records of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Chiefs on Staff, Headquarters U.S. Air Force, and in other related files. No further information has been found on this subject. 4. Inquiries to the U.S. Air Force, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the National Security Council failed to produce further information. 5. The Freedom of Information Office of the National Security...

    The National Archives has been unable to locate any documentation among the Project BLUE BOOK records which discuss the 1947 incident in Roswell, New Mexico. On September 8, 1994, the Secretary of the Air Force, Sheila E. Widnall, announced that the United States Air Force had completed its study to locate records that relate to the alleged 1947 UFO incident near Roswell, New Mexico. Pro-UFO researchers claim that an extraterrestrial spacecraft and its alien occupants were recovered near Roswell in July of 1947, and that this fact was kept from the public. At the request of Congressman Steven H. Schiff (R-NM), the General Accounting Office (GAO) initiated an audit in February of 1994, to locate all records relating to the "Roswell Incident" and to determine if such records were properly handled. The GAO audit was completed and the results published by the Headquarters, U.S. Air Force in 1995. The publication is entitled "The Roswell Report: Fact vs. Fiction in the New Mexico Desert....

  6. Talk:Roswell incident/Archive 1 - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Talk:Roswell_UFO_incident

    The Roswell UFO incident is the crash of an unidentified flying object (UFO) in Roswell, New Mexico, USA, in 1947. Or, if you would prefer to avoid the term [i]UFO[/i] entirely: The Roswell UFO incident is the purported crash of an object in Roswell, New Mexico, USA, in 1947, which some claim to have been a weather balloon or other man-made ...

  7. Unidentified flying object - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Unidentified_flying_object

    The Roswell UFO incident (1947) involved New Mexico civilians, local law enforcement officers, and the U.S. military, the latter of whom allegedly collected physical evidence from the UFO crash site. The Mantell UFO incident on January 7, 1948

  8. 1947 UFO crash | Roswell Wiki | Fandom

    roswell.fandom.com › wiki › 1947_UFO_crash

    The 1947 UFO Crash refers to the event in which an alien ship crashed on Earth in the science fiction TV series Roswell, New Mexico. The crash brought aliens to the town of Roswell, and conspiracy theories around the event shaped the town. 1 History 2 Individuals 3 Trivia 4 Gallery 5 External...

  9. The Roswell UFO Incident Full Story & Hidden Facts | Stillunfold

    stillunfold.com › bizarre-weird › the-roswell-ufo

    Here is the list of some unknown facts about Roswell UFO Incident that are rarely known. 1. It was 75 miles north of Roswell, when a United States Air Force balloon crashed near Roswell, New Mexico in the mid of 1947. 2. William Brazel a foreman noticed the remains of the crash approx 50 kms in north of Roswell, New Mexico. 3.

  10. Roswell - New Mexico, Alien & UFOs - HISTORY

    www.history.com › topics › paranormal

    The Roswell UFO incident took place in the summer of 1947, when a rancher discovered unidentifiable debris in his sheep pasture outside Roswell, New Mexico. Officials from the local Air Force base ...

  11. The Roswell UFO Incident - Maj Jesse Marcel

    www.roswellfiles.com › Witnesses › MarcelMyths

    The FAA, which has complete records going back to well before 1928 has never heard of Jesse Marcel. His Reserve Officer Career Brief, dated 20 Nov 47, lists his flying experience as "none". His application for appointment as a 2nd Lieut. (completed and signed by Marcel in Jan 1942) doesn't doesn't support this claim.

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