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  1. › wiki › Eartha_KittEartha Kitt - Wikipedia

    4 days ago · Eartha Kitt (born Eartha Mae Keith; January 17, 1927 – December 25, 2008) was an American singer, actress, comedienne, dancer, and activist known for her highly distinctive singing style and her 1953 recordings of " C'est si bon " and the Christmas novelty song " Santa Baby ", both of which reached the top 10 on the Billboard Hot 100.

    • Early Life and Education
    • Career
    • Vice Presidency
    • Presidency
    • Post-Presidency
    • 2010 Presidential Election
    • Other Activities
    • Mayor of Manila
    • Electoral History
    • in Popular Culture

    José Marcelo Ejército was born at 8:25 pm on April 19, 1937 in Tondo, an urban district of Manila. His family later moved to the wealthy suburb of San Juan. He belonged to a wealthy family, and was the eighth of ten children of Emilio Ejército Sr. (1898–1977) and his wife, Maria Marcelo(1905–2009). After graduating from the Ateneo elementary school in 1951, he was expelled during his second year of secondary studies at the Ateneo High School for disciplinary conduct. Later during college he enrolled in a Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering course at the Mapúa Institute of Technology in an effort to please his father. He would leave once again and later transferred to Central Colleges of the Philippines College of Engineering but dropped out. In his twenties, he began a career as a drama actor, usually playing the role of the villain/antagonist. He adopted the stage name "Joseph Estrada", as his mother objected to his chosen career and his decision to quit schooling multiple tim...

    Film actor

    In 1974 Estrada founded the Movie Workers Welfare Foundation (Mowelfund), which helps filmmakers through medical reimbursements, hospitalization, surgery and death benefits, livelihood, and alternative income opportunities and housing. Its educational arm, the Mowelfund Film Institute, has produced some of the most skilled and respected producers, filmmakers, writers and performers in both the independent and mainstream sectors of the industry since its inception in 1979.[failed verification]...

    In 1992, Joseph Estrada initially ran for president under the Partido ng Masang Pilipino (PMP), with Vicente Rivera Jr. as his running mate and Fernando Poe Jr. as his campaign manager. He reluctantly withdrew his bid on March 30 due to financial issues and instead became the running mate of Eduardo Cojuangco Jr. under the Nationalist People's Coalition; Estrada expressed that the decision was "very painful, if not traumatic". Though Cojuangco lost to former National Defense Secretary Fidel V. Ramos for the presidency, Estrada won the vice-presidency garnering more votes than his closest opponent Marcelo Fernan, Ramon Mitra Jr.'s running mate. As vice president, Estrada was the chairman of President Ramos' Presidential Anti-Crime Commission (PACC). Estrada arrested criminal warlords and kidnapping syndicates.He resigned as chairman in 1997. In the same year Estrada, together with former President Corazon Aquino, Cardinal Jaime Sin, Senator Gloria Macapagal Arroyoand other political...

    Estrada was the first president to use a special name as his official address name, combining his real family name, Ejercito, with his screen name, thus forming "Joseph Ejercito Estrada". Estrada was inaugurated on June 30, 1998, in the historical town of Malolos in Bulacan province in paying tribute to the cradle of the First Philippine Republic. That afternoon the new president delivered his inaugural address at the Quirino Grandstand in Luneta. He assumed office amid the Asian Financial Crisis and with agricultural problems due to poor weather conditions, thereby slowing the economic growth to −0.6% in 1998 from 5.2% in 1997. The economy recovered by 3.4% in 1999 and 4% in 2000. In 2000 he declared an "all-out-war" against the Moro Islamic Liberation Front and captured its headquarters and other camps. Allegations of corruption spawned a railroaded impeachment trial in the Senate courtesy of house speaker Manuel Villar, and in 2001 Estrada was ousted from a coup after the trial w...

    Estrada returned to his old home in San Juan. He maintained that he never resigned, implying that Arroyo's government was illegitimate. The new government created a special court and charged him with plunder and had him arrested in April. His supporters marched to the EDSA Shrine demanding Estrada's release and his reinstatement as president but were dispersed by high-grade teargas and warning shots from automatic rifles. On the morning of May 1, the protesters marched straight to Malacañang Palace. Violence erupted and the government declared a State of Rebellion. Many Filipino protesters were badly injured and arrested, including politicians. The government called out the military and was able to quell the demonstration with tear gas and automatic rifles. The bloody uprising came to be known as EDSA III. Estrada was initially detained at the Veterans' Memorial Medical Center in Quezon City and then transferred to a military facility in Tanay, Rizal, but he was later transferred to...

    Joseph Estrada stated in interviews that he would be willing to run for the opposition if they are unable to unite behind a single candidate. Fr. Joaquin Bernas and Christian Monsod, members of the constitutional commission that drafted the 1987 Constitution, stated that the constitution clearly prohibits any elected president from seeking a second term at any point in time. Romulo Macalintal, election counsel of President Arroyo, clarified that the constitutional ban doesn't prevent Estrada from attaining the presidency if he were to be elevated from the vice-presidency, for example.Rufus Rodriquez, one of Estrada's lawyers, claims that the former president is within his rights to do so because the prohibition banning re-election only applies to the incumbent president. On October 22, 2009, former President Joseph Estrada announced that he would run again for president with Makati City Mayor Jejomar Binayas his running mate. His senatorial lineup included Francisco Tatad, Juan Ponc...

    In 1972 Estrada starred in Blood Compact. In October 2010, the magazine Foreign Policy included Estrada in its list of five former head of states/governments who did not make "a positive difference in the world", but "faded away into obscurity." Also included in this "Bad Exes" list were Thailand's Thaksin Shinawatra, Spain's Jose Maria Aznar, and Germany's Gerhard Schroder. Estrada announced in November 2010 that he will be selling his 3,000 square-metre (0.74-acre) home in San Juan, Metro Manila for nearly seven million dollars (300 million Philippine pesos) to "pursue his real estate business."[citation needed] Agence France Pressereported that Estrada "has put up two high-rise residential condominium buildings and plans to build a third soon."

    In May 2012, Estrada announced his intention to run for Mayor of Manila in the 2013 electionsto continue his political career. Around noon of May 14, 2013, the day after the conduct of the 2013 Philippine mid-term elections, Estrada and his running-mate and re-electionist Vice Mayor Francisco "Isko Moreno" Domagosowere proclaimed mayor-elect and vice mayor-elect, respectively by the City Board of Canvassers for the City of Manila. He was then re-elected in 2016. After serving two consecutive terms as mayor, Estrada intended to run for a third term in 2019, competing against former Manila vice mayor Isko Moreno Domagoso and former Manila mayor Alfredo Lim. He lost to Domagoso, who beat him by close to 150,000 votes in a landslide victory.[circular reference]Estrada conceded defeat on the evening of May 13.

    San Juan mayoralty elections 1. Estrada won every mayoralty election in San Juan from 1969 to 1984. Senatorial election, 1987: 1. Joseph Estrada (GAD) – 10,029,978 (14th, 24 candidates with the highest number of votes win the 24 seats in the Senate) Vice Presidential election, 1992: 1. Joseph Estrada (PMP) – 6,739,738 (33.00%) 2. Marcelo Fernan (LDP) – 4,438,494 (21.74%) 3. Emilio Osmeña (Lakas-NUCD) – 3,362,467 (16.47%) 4. Ramon Magsaysay, Jr. (PRP) – 2,900,556 (14.20%) 5. Aquilino Pimentel, Jr. (PDP–Laban) – 2,023,289 (9.91%) 6. Vicente Magsaysay (KBL) – 699,895 (3.43%) 7. Eva Estrada-Kalaw (Nacionalista) – 255,730 (1.25%) Presidential election, 1998: 1. Joseph Estrada (LAMMP) – 10,722,295 (39.86%) 2. Jose de Venecia (Lakas-NUCD-UMDP) – 4,268,483 (15.87%) 3. Raul Roco (Aksyon Demokratiko) – 3,720,212 (13.83%) 4. Emilio Osmeña (PROMDI) – 3,347,631 (12.44%) 5. Alfredo Lim (Liberal) – 2,344,362 (8.71%) 6. Renato de Villa (Reporma-LM) – 1,308,352 (4.86%) 7. Miriam Defensor Santiago (P...

    Since the beginning of his political career, Estrada has been the butt of many jokes in the Philippines. The majority of the jokes about him center around his limited English vocabulary, while others focus on his corruption scandals. During his presidential campaign in 1998, Estrada authorized the distribution of the joke compilation book ERAPtion: How to Speak English Without Really Trial.

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