Rudolf Abel From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Rudolf Ivanovich Abel (Russian: Рудольф Иванович Абель), real name William August Fisher (July 11, 1903 – November 15, 1971), was a Soviet intelligence officer. He adopted his alias when arrested on charges of conspiracy by the FBI in 1957.
- Early Life
- Early Career
- Kgb Service
- Release and Later Life
- Further Reading
- External Links
Abel was born William August Fisher on July 11, 1903, in Benwell, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom, the second son of Heinrich and Lyubov Fisher. Revolutionaries of the Tsarist era, his parents were ethnic Germans from Russia. Fisher's father, a revolutionary activist, taught and agitated with Vladimir Lenin at Saint Petersburg Technological Institute. In 1896 he was arrested for sedition and sentenced to three years internal exile. As Heinrich Fisher had served a sentence for offences against the Russian state, he was forced to flee to the United Kingdom in 1901, the alternative being deportation to Germany or imprisonment in Russia for avoidance of military service. While living in the United Kingdom, Fisher's father, a keen Bolshevik, took part in gunrunning, shipping arms from the North East coast to the Baltic states to help the proletariat. Fisher and his brother, Henry, won scholarships to Whitley Bay High School and Monkseaton High School. Though Fisher was not as hard wo...
Fluent in English, Russian, German, Polish and Yiddish, Fisher worked for the Comintern as a translator, following his family's return to Russia. Trained as a radio operator, he served in a Red Army radio battalion in 1925 and 1926. He then worked briefly in the radio research institute before being recruited by the OGPU, a predecessor of the KGB, in May 1927. That year he married Elena Lebedeva, a harp student at Moscow Conservatoire. They would have one child together, a daughter named Evelyn who was born on October 8, 1929. During Fisher's interview with the OGPU, it was determined he should adopt a Russian-sounding name and William August Fisher became Vilyam Genrikhovich Fisher. Following his recruitment, Fisher worked for the OGPU as a radio operator in Norway, Turkey, United Kingdom, and France. He returned to Russia in 1936, as head of a school that trained radio operators destined for duty in illegal residences. One of these students was the British-born Russian spy Kitty H...
In 1946, Fisher rejoined the KGB, and was trained as a spy for entry into the United States. In October 1948, using a Soviet passport, he travelled from Leningradsky Station to Warsaw. In Warsaw, he discarded his Soviet passport and using a U.S. passport travelled via Czechoslovakia and Switzerland to Paris. His new passport bore the name Andrew Kayotis, the first of Fisher's fake identities. The real Andrew Kayotis (Lithuanian language: Ąndręi Yųrgęsovįčh Kąyotis) was Lithuanian born, and had become an American citizen after migrating to the United States. Kayotis had applied for, and received a visa to visit the Soviet Union, however the Russians retained his passport which Fisher would eventually use. Kayotis had been in poor health and died while visiting relatives in Vilnius, Lithuania. Fisher, as Kayotis, then travelled aboard the RMS Scythiafrom Le Havre, France, to North America, disembarking at Quebec. Still using Kayotis' passport, he travelled to Montreal and crossed into...
In April 1957, Fisher told his artist friends he was going south on a seven-week vacation. Less than three weeks later, acting on Häyhänen's information, surveillance was established near Fisher's photo studio. On May 28, 1957, in a small park opposite Fulton Street FBI agents spotted a man acting nervously. From time to time the man got up, and walked around eventually left. FBI agents were convinced he fit the description of "MARK". The surveillance continued on "MARK" and on the night of June 13, a light was seen to go on in Fisher's studio at 10:00 pm. On June 15, 1957, Häyhänen was shown a photograph of Fisher taken by the FBI with a hidden camera. Häyhänen confirmed that it was "MARK" in the photograph.Once the FBI had a positive identification, they stepped up surveillance, following Fisher from his studio to the Hotel Latham. Fisher was aware of the "tail", but as he had no passport to leave the country he devised a plan to be used upon his capture. Fisher decided that he wo...
Fisher would serve just over four years of his sentence. On February 10, 1962, he was exchanged for the shot-down American U-2 pilot Gary Powers. The exchange took place on the Glienicke Bridge that linked West Berlin with Potsdam, and which became famous during the Cold War as the "Bridge of Spies". At precisely the same time, at Checkpoint Charlie, Frederic Pryor was released by the East German Stasi into the waiting arms of his father. A few days later Fisher, reunited with his wife, Elena, and daughter, Evelyn,flew home. For the sake of its own reputation it suited the KGB to portray "Abel's" nine years of being an undetected agent in the United States as a triumph by a dedicated NKVD member. The myth of the master spy Rudolf Abel replaced the reality of Fisher's illegal residency. Yet the party hierarchy was well aware that Fisher had achieved nothing of real significance. During his eight years as an illegal resident he appears not to have recruited, or even identified, a sing...Andrew, Christopher. (1999). The Sword and the Shield: The Mitrokhin Archive and the Secret History of the KGB. Basic Books. New York. ISBN 0-465-00310-9.Arthey, Vin. (2004). Like Father Like Son: A Dynasty of Spies. St. Ermin's Press in association with Little Brown. London. ISBN 1-903608-07-4.Bernikow, Louise. (1970). Abel. Introduction by Burt Silverman. Hodder and Stoughton. London, Sydney, Auckland, Toronto. ISBN 0-340-12593-4.Damaskin, Igor with Elliott, Geoffrey. (2001). Kitty Harris: The Spy With Seventeen Names. St. Ermin's Press. London. ISBN 1-903608-06-6.Bigger, Philip J. (2006). NEGOTIATOR: The Life And Career of James B. Donovan. Bethlehem: Lehigh University Press. United States. ISBN 978-0-934-22385-0.Haynes, John Earl and Klehr, Harvey. (1999). Venona: Decoding Soviet Espionage in America. Yale University Press. New Haven, Connecticut. ISBN 0-300-07771-8.Haynes, John Earl and Klehr, Harvey. (2006). Early Cold War Spies: The Espionage Trials That Shaped American Politics. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-85738-3.Sibley, Katherine A.S. (2004). Red Spies in America: Stolen Secrets and the Dawn of the Cold War. University Press of Kansas. ISBN 0-7006-1351-X.
- Lung cancer
- Heinrich Fisher Lyubov Fisher
- Evelyn Fisher
- Elena Fisher
Rudolf Abel på ett sovjetiskt frimärke från 1990. Rudolf Abel , eg. Vilyam August (Genrikhovich) Fisher , född 11 juli 1903 i Newcastle-upon-Tyne , Storbritannien , död 15 november 1971 i Moskva ( lungcancer ), var en sovjetisk spion och överste i KGB .
Rudol'f Ivanovič Abel' (in cirillico: Рудольф Иванович Абель), altro nome di William Genrikowitsch Fischer, (Benwell, 11 luglio 1903 – Mosca, 15 novembre 1971) è stato un agente segreto sovietico
Rudolf Abel A Wikipédiából, a szabad enciklopédiából Rudolf Ivanovics Abel (oroszul: Рудольф Иванович Абель), eredeti nevén Viljam "Willie" Genrihovics Fiser (Вильям "Вилли" Генрихович Фишер) (Newcastle upon Tyne, Nagy-Britannia, 1903. július 11.
Rudolf Abel Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas Rudolf Abel (nama asli: Vilyam Genrikhovich Fisher; lahir di Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 11 Juli 1903 – meninggal di Moskow, Uni Sovyet, 15 November 1971 pada umur 68 tahun) adalah salah seorang agen rahasia terbaik yang pernah dimiliki KGB.
Rudolf Abel S Vikipedije, slobodne enciklopedije Rudolf Ivanovič Abel, pravo ime Vilijam August Fišer (Njukasl, Engleska, 11. jul 1903 — Moskva, Rusija, 15. novembar 1971) bio je oficir sovjetske obaveštajne službe, osuđen je u Americi 1957. godine za zaveru prenosa vojnih tajni Sovjetskom Savezu.
Rudolf Ivanovič Abel (narozen jako William August Fisher, známý též jako Willie, 11. července 1903 Newcastle upon Tyne – 15. listopadu 1971 Moskva) byl zpravodajský důstojník (tzv. nelegál) pracující na území USA pro sovětskou zpravodajskou službu MGB, resp. KGB.
Po svojom zatknutí Fišer vyšetrovateľom FBI tvrdil, že jeho skutočné meno je Rudolf Abel, čo bol v skutočnosti rádový dôstojník NKVD, ktorý v tom čase bol už dva roky po smrti. Dôvodom bola snaha upozorniť sovietske orgány na svoje zatknutie a tým dať ostatným sovietskym špiónom možnosť utiecť.
James Britt Donovan (February 29, 1916 – January 19, 1970) was an American lawyer and United States Navy officer in the Office of Scientific Research and Development and the Office of Strategic Services (OSS, predecessor of the Central Intelligence Agency), ultimately becoming general counsel of the OSS, and an international diplomatic negotiator.