Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria (Rudolf Franz Karl Joseph; 21 August 1858 – 30 January 1889), was the only son and third child of Emperor Franz Joseph I and Elisabeth of Bavaria. He was heir apparent to the Imperial throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire from birth.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rudolf,_Crown_Prince_of_Austria
Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria (Rudolf Franz Karl Joseph; 21 August 1858 – 30 January 1889), was the only son and third child of Emperor Franz Joseph I and Elisabeth of Bavaria. He was heir apparent to the Imperial throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire from birth.
Archduke Rudolf, crown prince of Austria, German Rudolf, Erzherzog und Kronprinz von Österreich, (born August 21, 1858, Schloss Laxenburg, near Vienna, Austria—died January 30, 1889, Schloss Mayerling, near Vienna), heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne whose reformist and liberal ideas were stifled by his conservative father and who finally committed suicide.
- The Mayerling “Suicide Pact”
- Suicide Or Murder?
- Impact of The Crown Prince’s Death
In contrast with his deeply conservative father, Crown Prince Rudolf held distinctively liberal views that were closer to those of his mother. Nevertheless his relationship with her was strained and contained little warmth. On May 10, 1881, he married Princess Stéphanie of Belgium, a daughter of King Léopold II, in the Augustinian Church in Vienna with all the pomp and splendour of a state wedding. Rudolf appeared to be genuinely in love, but his mother regarded her new daughter-in-law as a “...
Many people however doubted the truthfulness of the report. Before her death in 1989, Empress Zita, widow of the last Austrian emperor, Karl (r. 1916–1918), repeated the claim that the young couple had been murdered as part of a conspiracy to silence Rudolf after he had refused to take part in a French plot to depose his pro-German conservative father and assume the control as a pro-French liberal Austrian emperor. Empress Zita did not offer any new evidence and her claims, however widely rum...
Following the death of the emperor’s only son, the marriage of Franz Josef and Elisabeth collapsed completely, with the empress spending much of her time abroad, particularly in England and Ireland where she loved to hunt. The new heir presumptive to the Austrian, Bohemian and Hungarian thrones was Archduke Karl Ludwig, eldest surviving brother of the emperor. After Karl Ludwig’s death, his oldest son, Archduke Franz Ferdinand became heir presumptive. His assassination in 1914 led a chain of...
Crown Prince Rudolf was only average in the looks department, with chestnut brown hair and a full beard. Except hey, when you’re the Crown Prince of freaking Austria, it doesn’t really matter if you’re hot or not. According to one counselor, women considered bedding Rudolf “a patriotic duty”—and one he took disturbing advantage of.
- Impact of Rudolf’s Death
- Affairs and Suicide
Rudolf was born at Schloss Laxenburg, a castle near Vienna, as the son of Emperor Franz Joseph I and Empress Elisabeth. Influenced by his tutor Ferdinand von Hochstetter (who later became the first superintendent of the Imperial Natural History Museum), Rudolf became very interested in natural sciences, starting a mineral collection at a very early age. (After his death, large portions of his mineral collection came into the possession of the University for Agriculture in Vienna.) Rudolf was raised together with his older sister Gisela and the two were very close. At the age of six, Rudolf was separated from his sister as he began his education to become a future Emperor. This did not change their relationship and Gisela remained close to him until she left Vienna upon her marriage to Prince Leopold of Bavaria. In contrast with his deeply conservative father, Rudolf held distinctively liberal views, that were closer to those of his mother. Nevertheless his relationship with her was...
Rudolf’s death plunged his mother into despair. She wore black or pearl grey, the colours of mourning, for the rest of her life and spent more and more time away from the imperial court in Vienna. Empress Elisabeth was murdered while abroad in Geneva in Switzerland in 1898 by Italian anarchist, Luigi Lucheni. Next in the line of succession after Rudolf to the Austrian, Bohemian, Croatia and Hungarian thrones was Archduke Karl Ludwig, Franz Joseph’s younger brother. Karl Ludwig renounced his succession rights a few days after Rudolf’s death, meaning his oldest son, Archduke Franz Ferdinand became heir presumptive. Franz Ferdinand’s assassination in 1914 sparked a chain of events that caused instability within Austria-Hungary and the collapse of the dynasty at the end of World War I in November 1918. Rudolf’s father, Emperor Franz Joseph died in November 1916.
In 1887, Rudolf bought Mayerling hunting lodge. In late 1888, the 30-year-old crown prince met the 17-year-old Baroness Marie Vetsera, known by the more fashionable Anglophile name Mary and began an affair with her. According to official reports their deaths were a result of Franz Joseph’s demand that the couple end the relationship: the Crown Prince, as part of a suicide pact, first shot his mistress in the head and then himself. Rudolf was officially declared to have been in a state of "mental unbalance" in order to enable Christian burial in the Imperial Crypt (Kapuzinergruft) of the Capuchin Church in Vienna. Mary’s body was smuggled out of Mayerling in the middle of the night and secretly buried in the village cemetery at Heiligenkreuz. After the deaths, the Emperor had Mayerling converted into a penitential convent of Carmelite nuns. Today prayers are still said daily by the nuns for the repose of Rudolf’s soul. File:Young Crown Prince Rudolf.jpg|The young crown prince Rudolf...
Dec 13, 2017 · The Many Affairs of Crown Prince Rudolf Posted on December 13, 2017 by Greg King and Penny Wilson. On a snowy January morning in 1889, a worried servant hacked open a locked door at the remote hunting lodge deep in the Vienna Woods.
In 1888 Rudolf met Baroness Marie Vetsera who was to become his mistress. In January 1889, Crown Prince Rudolf and the Baroness Marie Vetsera were staying at his hunting lodge Mayerling with a very few chosen guests. The couple was found dead in their room under mysterious circumstances. The body of the Crown Prince was removed to Vienna.
- 21 Aug 1858, Laxenburg, Mödling Bezirk, Lower Austria (Niederösterreich), Austria
- Interred next to his parents, Franz-Josephs-Gruft
- 30 Jan 1889 (aged 30), Mayerling, Baden Bezirk, Lower Austria (Niederösterreich), Austria
- Kapuzinergruft, Vienna, Wien Stadt, Vienna (Wien), Austria
Jan 03, 2018 · At approximately ten past six on the snowy morning of January 30, 1889, Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria-Hungary emerged from his bedroom in the remote hunting lodge at Mayerling, deep in the Vienna ...
Apr 30, 2006 · Directed by Robert Dornhelm. With Max von Thun, Vittoria Puccini, Caroline Athanasiadis, Gabriel Barylli. A retelling of the tragic love affair between Austrian Archduke Rudolf and Baroness Mary Vetsera.
- Robert Dornhelm
- Not Rated
The Mayerling incident is the series of events surrounding the apparent murder–suicide of Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria, and his lover, Mary Freiin von Vetsera.They were found dead on 30 January 1889 in an imperial hunting lodge in Mayerling.