- Vladimir Lenin. Vladimir Lenin was born in Ulyanovsk, Russia, in 1870. ...
- Josef Stalin. Lenin's warning in his final years about the unchecked power of party members went unheeded, however, and this led to a power struggle for control following his death, ...
- Georgy Malenkov. Georgy Malenkov was born in Orenburg, Russia in 1902. ...
- Nikita Khrushchev. In 1894, Nikita Khrushchev was born in Kalinovka, Russia. In 1918, Khrushchev joined the Communist Party and fought in the Red Army.
- Leonid Brezhnev. Leonid Brezhnev was born in Kamianske, Ukraine in 1906, which was then part of the Russian Empire. ...
- Yuri Andropov. Yuri Andropov was born in the Stavropol Governorate in 1914, which was then a part of the Russian Empire.
- Konstantin Chernenko. Konstantin Chernenko was born in the Yeniseysk Governorate in 1911, which was then part of the Russian Empire.
- Mikhail Gorbachev. Mikhail Gorbachev was born in Stavropol Krai, Russia in 1931. ...
- Gennady Yanayev. Gennady Yanayev was born in Perevoz, Russia in 1937. ...
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Ever since the Bolsheviks' inception, Lenin had served as their de facto leader. After the Russian Revolution, Lenin became leader of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR) from 1917 and leader of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) from 1922 until his death. Chairman of Sovnarkom: Leninism
Dec 31, 2015 · Gorbachev was the last leader of the Soviet Union. Under his rule, the Soviet Union dissolved, bringing a final end to the Cold War. June 12, 1991: Boris Yeltsin Boris Yeltsin was the first elected president of Russia. He oversaw significant reforms, including financial, social and political. December 31, 1999: Vladimir PutinDateEventMay 7, 2012Vladimir Putin Re-elected in 2012, Putin ...March 2, 2008Dmitri Medvedev In March 2008, Medvedev ...December 31, 1999Vladimir Putin Putin, a conservative, was ...June 12, 1991Boris Yeltsin Boris Yeltsin was the first ...
- Life and career
- Early life and career
Vladimir Lenin was born in Ulyanovsk, Russia, in 1870. He founded the Communist Party in 1912, but he spent years leading up to the Russian Revolution in exile abroad before Germany arranged for him to go back to Russia to get them out of World War One. From there Lenin led the October Revolution to overthrow the provisional government that had overthrown the monarchy during the February Revolution. Lenin and the Communists then quickly consolidated power and eventually won the Russian Civil War (1917-22). Lenin then spent the last few years of his life trying to shape the future of the Soviet Union.
In 1894, Nikita Khrushchev was born in Kalinovka, Russia. In 1918, Khrushchev joined the Communist Party and fought in the Red Army. Khrushchev rose quickly through the ranks of the Communist Party during the 1930s and '40s. Shortly after taking over the leadership of the Soviet Union from Malenkov, Khrushchev gave a speech where he denounced the excesses under Stalin. This speech was the start of his policy of de-Stalinization, which resulted in protests in Poland and Hungary that were put down. Khrushchev relaxed restrictions on free expression, released political prisoners and launched bold but ultimately unattainable agricultural goals. He largely tried to pursue a policy of peaceful coexistence with the West but at the same time started the Cuban Missile Crisis and started construction on the Berlin Wall. Poor economic growth, deteriorating relations with China and other issues eventually led to Khrushchev being ousted from power by \\"retiring\\" due to his health. Khrushchev spent his remaining years at his estate, dying in 1971.
Leonid Brezhnev was born in Kamianske, Ukraine in 1906, which was then part of the Russian Empire. He joined the Komsomol (political youth organization) in 1923 and in 1929 became a full member of the Communist party. Brezhnev fought in World War Two, reaching the rank of major general and in 1952 became a member of the Central Committee. Brezhnev took over as the leader for Khrushchev and ended his cultural reforms by clamping down on the cultural freedom and he gave the KGB back some of their former powers they had under Stalin. The Soviet economy grew under Khrushchev at a rate that was on pace to catch up with America but by the mid-1970s entered an era of stagnation and never recovered. Brezhnev also built up the Soviet Union's military at the cost of their economy. During the 1970s Brezhnev pursued a policy of detente with the West trying to normalize relations but the Soviet's costly decision to invade Afghanistan in 1979 ended the detente policy. In his last few years, Brezhnev's health deteriorated, and he was mostly a figured head. He died in 1982. Yuri Andropov was born in the Stavropol Governorate in 1914, which was then a part of the Russian Empire. Andropov joined the Communist Party in 1939, and his superiors quickly noticed his abilities making him head of the Komsomol. After being transferred to Moscow in 1951, he was assigned to the Secretariat staff and then became ambassador to Hungary from 1954-57. After returning to Moscow from his ambassadorship he rose quickly through the party ranks and became head of the KGB in 1967. Andropov started positioning himself for succession as leader of the Soviet Union with Brezhnev in poor health. Andropov was declared his successor and quickly consolidated power. Andropov led an anti-corruption campaign and dismissed many party ministers and secretaries. Andropov also did reluctantly continue the Soviet war in Afghanistan. His rule was short however because by August of 1983 his ill health overtook him and he spent his last days in the hospital, dying in 1984. Konstantin Chernenko was born in the Yeniseysk Governorate in 1911, which was then part of the Russian Empire. Chernenko joined the Komsomol in 1929 and became a full member of the Communist Party in 1931. Chernenko started working for the propaganda department in 1933 and rose through the ranks. The turning point in his career was a meeting with future Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev in 1948. Brezhnev continued to help him rise through the ranks, with Chernenko gaining full membership to the Central Committee in 1971. Chernenko replaced Andropov as leader despite his own ailing health. Chernenko supported a greater role for labor unions and reforming education and propaganda. Chernenko negotiated a trade pact with China but did little to de-escalate the Cold War, boycotted the 1984 Summer Olympics and did not end the war in Afghanistan. By the middle of 1984, Chernenko's health started deteriorating and he died in March of 1985.
Mikhail Gorbachev was born in Stavropol Krai, Russia in 1931. He joined and became very active in the Communist party while at Moscow State University and also graduated with a law degree. By 1979 he had become a candidate member of the Politburo and in 1985 he became the leader of the Soviet Union after Chernenko's death. Gorbachev engaged in a race to amass nuclear weapons in space with the United States, which proved costly for the suffering Soviet economy. Gorbachev managed to end the costly Soviet war in Afghanistan in 1987. He worked to provide more freedoms and reforms to the Soviet people with his policies of glasnost and perestroika (openness and restructure). In 1989 Gorbachev organized elections to require Communist Party members to run against non-members to make a more democratic electoral system. He also removed the Communist Party's constitutional role in governing the state, which inadvertently led to the dissolution of the Soviet Union. This fact was in spite of Gorbachev wanting to keep the Soviet Union together. By 1990 Gorbachev was grappling with different groups waging war and demanding independence, along with a sputtering Soviet economy. In 1991 Gorbachev's rival Boris Yeltsin was elected President of the Russian Republic and was pushing radical changes to the economy. By the end of December of 1991, the Soviet Union had completely crumbled, and Gorbachev stepped down and gave Yeltsin complete power over Russia.
- Gregory Sousa
Jun 04, 2021 · Leonid Brezhnev (1964-82); Yuri Andropov (1982-84); Konstantin Chernenko (1984-85); Mikhail Gorbachev (1985-91); After the break-up of the Soviet Union, there is now the Russian Republic -. Boris Yeltsin (1991-99); Vladimir Putin (1999 - present).
Jan 26, 2019 · List of Russian Leaders in Chronological Order Yadi yadi.... Vladimir the Great (ruled 980-1015). The leader that adopted Eastern Orthodox Christianity as the official... ...Yada yada.... Yuri Dolgorukiy (ruled 1149-1151). The man under whom the first recorded mentioning of the city of... ...yada ...
Mikhail Gorbachev (1931-) became Politburo member in 1985, first leader to be born after the Revolution. One of his key goals was to mend the stagnant economy. Chernobyl, decentralization, local nationalism, lack of economic incentives, and the focus on the military before he took over allowed him to try.
May 22, 2013 · Over half of Russians believe Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev was the best head of state in the past century, followed by Bolshevik Revolution mastermind Vladimir Lenin and dictator Joseph Stalin, a poll by Levada Center has revealed. Sociologists asked Russians about their attitude towards 20th-century leaders.
- 10 – Mao Tse-Tung
- 09 – Nelson Mandela
- 08 – Vladimir Lenin
- 07 – Joseph Stalin
- 06 – Adolph Hitler
- 05 – Eva Peron
- 04 – John F. Kennedy
- 03 – Indira Gandhi
- 02 – Margaret Thatcher
- 01 – Mustafa Kemal Ataturk
Chairman of the People’s Republic of China (1949 – 1976) Mao Zedong, and commonly referred to as Chairman Mao (December 26, 1893 – September 9, 1976), was a Chinese Communist revolutionary, guerrilla warfare strategist, Marxist political philosopher, and leader of the Chinese Revolution. He was the architect and founding father of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) from its establishment in 1949, and held control over the nation until his death in 1976. His theoretical contribution to Marxism–Leninism, along with his military strategies and brand of policies, are collectively known as Maoism.
President of South Africa (1994 – 1999) Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (18 July 1918) served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999, and he was the first South African president to be elected in a fully representative democratic election. Before his presidency, Mandela was a militant anti-apartheid activist, and the leader and co-founder of Umkhonto we Sizwe, the armed wing of the African National Congress (ANC).
Leader of the Soviet Union (1917 – 1924) Vladimir Ilyich Lenin 22 April [O.S. 10 April] 1870 – 21 January 1924) was a Russian Marxist revolutionary and communist politician who led the October Revolution of 1917. As leader of the Bolsheviks, he headed the Soviet state during its initial years (1917–1924), as it fought to establish control of Russia in the Russian Civil War and worked to create a socialist economic system.
Leader of the Soviet Union (1924 – 1953) Stalin was one of the most powerful and murderous dictators in history. He was the supreme ruler of the Soviet Union for a quarter of a century. His regime of terror caused the death and suffering of tens of millions, but he also oversaw the war machine that played a key role in the defeat of Nazism.
Dictator of Germany (1933 – 1945) Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was an Austrian-born German politician and the leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party (German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei).He was chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and dictator of Nazi Germany (as Führer und Reichskanzler) from 1934 to 1945. Hitler is commonly associated with the rise of fascism in Europe, World War II, and the Holocaust.
First Lady of Argentina (1944 – 1952) María Eva Duarte de Perón (7 May 1919 – 26 July 1952) was the second wife of President Juan Perón (1895–1974) and served as the First Lady of Argentina from 1946 until her death in 1952. She is often referred to as simply Eva Perón, or by the affectionate Spanish language diminutive Evita. Eva Duarte de Perón became a legendary figure in Argentine politics.
President of the United States (1961 – 1963) John Fitzgerald “Jack” Kennedy pronunciation (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), often referred to by his initials JFK, was the 35th President of the United States, serving from 1961 until 1963. On November 22, 1963, when he was hardly past his first thousand days in office, JFK was killed by an assassin’s bullets as his motorcade wound through Dallas, Texas. Kennedy was the youngest man elected President; he was the youngest to die.
Prime Minister of India (1966-1977, 1980-1984) Indira Priyadarshini Nehru; (19 November 1917 – 31 October 1984) was an Indian politician who served as the third Prime Minister of India for three consecutive terms (1966–77) and a fourth term (1980–84). Gandhi was the second female head of government in the world after Sirimavo Bandaranaike of Sri Lanka, and she remains as the world’s second longest serving female Prime Minister as of 2012. She was the first woman to become prime minister in India.
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1979 – 1990) Margaret Hilda Thatcher, (born 13 October 1925) is a British politician and the longest-serving (1979–1990) British prime ministerof the 20th century, and the only woman ever to have held the post. A Soviet journalist nicknamed her the “Iron Lady”, which later became associated with her uncompromising policies. As prime minister, she implemented conservative policies that have come to be known as Thatcherism.
1st President of the Republic of Turkey (1923 – 1938) Mustafa Kemal Atatürk , (1881 – 1938) was an Ottoman and Turkish army officer, revolutionary statesman, writer, and the first President of Turkey. He is credited with being the founder of the Republic of Turkey. Atatürk was a military officer during World War I. Following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in World War I, he led the Turkish national movement in the Turkish War of Independence. Source: Wiki