Wenceslaus I (Czech: Václav [ˈvaːtslaf] (listen); c. 911 – September 28, 935), Wenceslas I or Václav the Good was the duke (kníže) of Bohemia from 921 until his assassination in 935. His younger brother, Boleslaus the Cruel, was complicit in the murder.
Patron saint of Bohemia, parts of Czech Republic, and duke of Bohemia frorn 924-929. Also called Wenceslas, he was born near Prague and raised by his grandmother, St. Ludmilla, until her murder by his mother, the pagan Drahomira. Wenceslaus's mother assumed the regency ...
Saint Wenceslas I, Duke of Bohemia was the son of Vratislav I, Duke of Bohemia. (1) He died in 929. (1) He was also reported to have died in 935.
- Sbraslav ks. Przemyślid
- Vratislaus I, duke of Bohemia, Drahomira of Stodor
Saint Wenceslaus I, Duke Of Bohemia The patron saint of Bohemia, Saint Wenceslaus I, was not only a venerated saint but also a martyr who died for being a true Christian. Ascending to the throne at a very early age, he soon became one of the most efficient rulers, working for the religious and educational empowerment of his people.
The Martyrdome of Wenceslaus, Podivinius, and others, in The History of the Bohemian Persecution (1650) by Johan Amos Comenius " St. Wenceslaus," in Catholic Encyclopedia, (ed.) by Charles G. Herbermann and others, New York: The Encyclopaedia Press (1913)
Sep 28, 2015 · Saint Wenceslaus (Václav) of Bohemia is perhaps the most well known of the noble-born saints of the Sacred Ages. Born around the year 907, Wenceslaus was primarily educated by his father Duke Vratislaus and after his father’s death (when his son was only thirteen) his grandmother St. Ludmila.
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May 18, 2019 · Wenceslaus was son of Vratislaus I, Duke of Bohemia from the Přemyslid dynasty. His father was raised in a Christian milieu through his own father, Borivoj I of Bohemia, who was purportedly converted by Saints Cyril and Methodius.
- Death and Controversy
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When Wenceslaus was thirteen his father died and he was brought up by his grandmother, Saint Ludmila, who raised him as a Christian. A dispute between the fervently Christian regent and her daughter-in-law drove Ludmila to seek sanctuary at Tetín Castle near Beroun. Drahomíra, who was trying to garner support from the nobility, was furious while losing influence on her son and arranged to have Ludmila strangled at Tetín on September 15, 921. According to some legends, having regained control of her son, Drahomíra set out to convert him to the old pagan religion. According to other legends she was herself a Christian.
In 924 or 925 Wenceslaus assumed government for himself and had Drahomíra exiled. After gaining the throne at the age of eighteen, he promoted the spread of Christianity throughout Bohemia. This was accomplished not only by building churches, such as future St. Vitus Cathedral (named after a Roman saint whose body was translated to Saxony from St. Denis) at Hrad�?any Hill in Prague, but also by his acquiescence to the influence of the Holy Roman Empire. As such, the pagan nobility of Bohemia saw Wenceslaus and his faith as a threat not only to their pagantradition, but also to their very sovereignty. Early in 929 Wenceslaus became an "amicus" (Friend, but with lower prestige) of the German King Henry I the Fowler, although it remains unclear as to whether this was the result of a voluntary submission or forced upon Wenceslaus by a German invasion. Some chroniclers identify either the growing German influence or hostility to Wenceslaus' religious policies as the main reason for his d...
In September of 935 (or 929), a group of these nobles allied with Wenceslaus' younger brother, Boleslaus (Boleslav I of Bohemia), in a plot to kill the prince. In addition to having been raised in the pagan tradition by Drahomira, Boleslaus had the added incentive of being Wenceslaus' successor to the throne. After inviting his brother to the feast of Saints Cosmas and Damian, he murdered him on his way to church and thus succeeded him as the Prince of Bohemia. (Note the title Prince, indicating independence from the Catholic Holy Roman Empire, as opposed to Duke, the title granted by the Empire to Wenceslaus). Purportedly Wenceslaus was murdered by being hacked to death at the door of the church in the town now called Stará Boleslav. According to Cosmas' chronicle, that day one of Boleslav's sons was born, and because of the ominous circumstance of his birth the infant was named Strachkvas, what means "a dreadful feast". There are discrepancies in the records regarding the date of...
After his death, Wenceslaus was canonised as a saint due to his martyr's death, as well as several purported miracles that occurred after his death. Wenceslaus is the patron saint of the Czech people and the Czech Republic. His feast day is September 28. Since the year 2000, this day is a public holiday in the Czech Republic, celebrated as Czech Statehood Day. In his honour, a statue of Wenceslaus clad in armour on horseback stands in Prague's Václavské náměstí (Wenceslaus Square). He is best known outside the Czech Republic as the subject of the Christmas carol "Good King Wenceslas".
Otakar Odložilík. Good King Wenceslas: A Historical Sketch. The Slavonic and East European Review. Vol. 8, No. 22 (Jun., 1929), pp. 120-130.
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