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    • Scarlet fever facts

      • Scarlet fever is a bacterial infection caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria that results in a rash and fever.
      • Group a beta hemolytic streptococci produce an erythrogenic toxin that causes scarlet fever.
      • The incubation period for scarlet fever is about 12 hours to seven days.
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  2. Scarlet fever - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic

    www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/scarlet...
    • Overview
    • Symptoms
    • Causes
    • Risk Factors
    • Complications
    • Prevention

    Scarlet fever is a bacterial illness that develops in some people who have strep throat. Also known as scarlatina, scarlet fever features a bright red rash that covers most of the body. Scarlet fever is almost always accompanied by a sore throat and a high fever.Scarlet fever is most common in children 5 to 15 years of age. Although scarlet fever was once considered a serious childhood illness, antibiotic treatments have made it less threatening. Still, if left untreated, scarlet fever can re...

    The signs and symptoms that give scarlet fever its name include: 1. Red rash. The rash looks like a sunburn and feels like sandpaper. It typically begins on the face or neck and spreads to the trunk, arms and legs. If pressure is applied to the reddened skin, it will turn pale. 2. Red lines. The folds of skin around the groin, armpits, elbows, knees and neck usually become a deeper red than the surrounding rash. 3. Flushed face. The face may appear flushed with a pale ring around the mouth. 4...

    Scarlet fever is caused by the same type of bacteria that cause strep throat. In scarlet fever, the bacteria release a toxin that produces the rash and red tongue.The infection spreads from person to person via droplets expelled when an infected person coughs or sneezes. The incubation period — the time between exposure and illness — is usually two to four days.

    Children 5 to 15 years of age are more likely than are other people to get scarlet fever. Scarlet fever germs spread more easily among people in close contact, such as family members or classmates.

    If scarlet fever goes untreated, the bacteria may spread to the: 1. Tonsils 2. Lungs 3. Skin 4. Kidneys 5. Blood 6. Middle earRarely, scarlet fever can lead to rheumatic fever, a serious condition that can affect the: 1. Heart 2. Joints 3. Nervous system 4. Skin

    There is no vaccine to prevent scarlet fever. The best prevention strategies for scarlet fever are the same as the standard precautions against infections: 1. Wash your hands. Show your child how to wash his or her hands thoroughly with warm soapy water. 2. Don't share dining utensils or food. As a rule, your child shouldn't share drinking glasses or eating utensils with friends or classmates. This rule applies to sharing food, too. 3. Cover your mouth and nose. Tell your child to cover his o...

  3. Scarlet Fever: Symptoms, Causes, Complications, and Treatment

    www.healthline.com/health/scarlet-fever

    Mar 21, 2019 · A rash is the most common sign of scarlet fever in both adults and children. It usually begins as a red blotchy rash and becomes fine and rough like sandpaper. The scarlet-colored rash is what ...

  4. Scarlet fever - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scarlet_fever

    Scarlet fever is a disease resulting from a group A streptococcus (group A strep) infection, also known as Streptococcus pyogenes. The signs and symptoms include a sore throat, fever, headaches, swollen lymph nodes, and a characteristic rash.

  5. A Group A Streptococcal Infection | CDC

    www.cdc.gov/.../diseases-public/scarlet-fever.html

    Bacteria Cause Scarlet Fever. Bacteria called group A Streptococcus or group A strep cause scarlet fever. The bacteria sometimes make a poison (toxin), which causes a rash — the “scarlet” of scarlet fever. How You Get Scarlet Fever. Group A strep live in the nose and throat and can easily spread to other people.

  6. Scarlet fever: Causes, symptoms, treatment, and complications

    www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/176242

    Oct 12, 2017 · Scarlet fever, or scarlatina, is an illness involving a distinctive pink-red rash. It mainly affects children. Left untreated, it can sometimes lead to severe complications.

    • Does a scarlet fever rash itch?

      3 answers

      My son had scarlet fever when he was 7 and his rash wasn't itchy, it was just red, also his tongue was cherry red and he had a fever. But yes it is serious and you must go to the Doctor asap, Scarlet Fever is a result from Strep. You need...

    • Is a rash ( scarlatina ) with strep throat always scarlet fever ?

      2 answers

      Scarlet fever is a bacterial illness that develops in some people who have strep throat. Also known as scarlatina, scarlet fever features a bright red rash that covers most of the body. Scarlet fever is almost always accompanied by a sore...

    • My kid has a red scarlet fever like rash but no strept or any other...

      3 answers

      You need to take her to the ER. These are not symptoms of scarlet fever. The strep bacteria is the cause for it and these are usually one in the same. The problem here is that without the strep throat she has something else. Then if this...

  7. Scarlet Fever (for Parents) - Nemours KidsHealth

    kidshealth.org/en/parents/scarlet-fever.html

    Scarlet fever (also known as scarlatina) is an illness that can happen in kids who also have strep throat or strep skin infections. The strep bacteria make a toxin (poison) that causes a bright red, bumpy rash. The rash spreads over most of the body and is what gives scarlet fever its name. It often ...

    • Doctors warn of scarlet fever outbreak among children
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    • Strep Throat and Scarlet Fever
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    • Scarlet Fever Treatment at Home
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    • What causes fever body rash with headache and its management? - Dr. Malathi Ramesh
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  8. Scarlet fever | DermNet NZ

    www.dermnetnz.org/topics/scarlet-fever

    Scarlet fever is a bacterial illness that often presents with a distinctive rash made up of tiny pinkish-red spots that cover the whole body. It affects people who have recently had a sore throat (strep throat) or school sores ( impetigo ) caused by certain strains of the group A streptococcus bacteria .

  9. Scarlet Fever - What Is Scarlet Fever? - WebMD

    www.webmd.com/.../understanding-scarlet-fever-basics

    Scarlet fever -- also called scarlatina -- is an infection that’s easily spread from person to person. It gets its name from the red, bumpy rash that typically covers the body. It starts out ...

  10. Scarlet fever - NHS

    www.nhs.uk/conditions/Scarlet-fever

    Scarlet fever is a contagious infection that mostly affects young children. It's easily treated with antibiotics. Check if you have scarlet fever. The first signs of scarlet fever can be flu-like symptoms, including a high temperature of 38C or above, a sore throat and swollen neck glands (a large lump on the side of your neck).

  11. Group A Strep | Scarlet Fever | For Clinicians | GAS | CDC

    www.cdc.gov/.../diseases-hcp/scarlet-fever.html
    • Etiology
    • Clinical Features
    • Transmission
    • Risk Factors
    • Diagnosis and Testing
    • Treatment
    • Prognosis and Complications
    • Prevention
    • Epidemiology and Surveillance
    • Resources

    Scarlet fever is an illness caused by pyrogenic exotoxin-producing S. pyogenes. S. pyogenes are gram-positive cocci that grow in chains (see figure 1). They exhibit β-hemolysis (complete hemolysis) when grown on blood agar plates. They belong to group A in the Lancefield classification system for β-hemolytic Streptococcus, and thus are called group A streptococci.

    Scarlet fever, also called scarlatina, is characterized by a scarlatiniform rash and usually occurs with group A strep pharyngitis. It can also follow group A strep pyoderma or wound infections.Characteristics of the rash typically include: 1. Erythematous rash that blanches on pressure 2. Sandpaper quality 3. Accentuation of the red rash in flexor creases (i.e., under the arm, in the groin), termed “Pastia’s lines” 4. Begins on the trunk, then quickly spreads outward, usually sparing the pal...

    Group A strep infections, including scarlet fever, are most commonly spread through direct person-to-person transmission. Typically transmission occurs through saliva or nasal secretions from an infected person. People with scarlet fever are much more likely to transmit the bacteria to others than asymptomatic carriers. Crowded conditions — such as those in schools, daycare centers, or military training facilities — facilitate transmission. Although rare, spread of group A strep infections ma...

    Scarlet fever can occur in people of all ages. It is most common among children 5 through 15 years of age. It is rare in children younger than 3 years of age.The most common risk factor is close contact with another person with scarlet fever. Crowding, such as found in schools, military barracks, and daycare centers, increases the risk of disease spread.

    The differential diagnosis of scarlet fever with pharyngitis includes multiple viral pathogens that can cause acute pharyngitis with a viral exanthema. Clinicians need to use either a rapid antigen detection test (RADT) or throat culture to confirm scarlet fever with pharyngitis. RADTs have high specificity for group A strep but varying sensitivities when compared to throat culture. Throat culture is the gold standard diagnostic test. Clinicians should follow up a negative RADT in a child wit...

    The use of a recommended antibiotic regimen to treat scarlet fever: 1. Shortens the duration of symptoms 2. Reduces the likelihood of transmission to family members, classmates, and other close contacts 3. Prevents the development of complications, including acute rheumatic feverPenicillin or amoxicillin is the antibiotic of choice to treat scarlet fever. There has never been a report of a clinical isolate of group A strep that is resistant to penicillin. For patients with a penicillin allerg...

    Rarely, complications can occur after scarlet fever. Scarlet fever can have the same suppurative and non-suppurative complications as group A strep pharyngitis. Suppurative complications result from local or hematogenous spread of the organism. They can include: 1. Peritonsillar abscesses 2. Retropharyngeal abscess 3. Cervical lymphadenitis 4. Invasive group A strep diseaseAcute rheumatic fever is a nonsuppurative sequelae of group A strep pharyngitis. Post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis is...

    Good hand hygiene and respiratory etiquette can reduce the spread of all types of group A strep infection. Hand hygiene is especially important after coughing and sneezing and before preparing foods or eating. Good respiratory etiquette involves covering your cough or sneeze. Treating an infected person with an antibiotic for 24 hours or longer generally eliminates their ability to transmit the bacteria. Thus, people with scarlet fever should stay home from work, school, or daycare until: 1....

    Humans are the only reservoir for group A strep. It is most common among children 5 through 15 years of age. It is rare in children younger than 3 years of age. In the United States, scarlet fever is most common during the winter.CDC does not track the incidence of scarlet fever or other non-invasive group A strep infections. CDC tracks invasive group A strep infections through the Active Bacterial Core surveillance (ABCs) program. For information on the incidence of invasive group A strep in...

    1. Shulman ST, Bisno AL, Clegg HW, Gerber MA, Kaplan EL, Lee G, et al. Clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis and management of group A streptococcal pharyngitis: 2012 update by the Infectious Diseases Society of AmericaExternal. Clin Infect Dis. 2012;55(10):1279–82. 2. Committee on Infectious Diseases. Group A streptococcal infectionsExternal. In Kimberlin DW, Brady MT, Jackson MA, Long SS, editors. 30th ed. Red Book: 2015 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases. Elk Grove Vil...