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Schönbrunn Palace ( German: Schloss Schönbrunn [ʃøːnˈbʁʊn]; Central Bavarian: Schloss Scheenbrunn) was the main summer residence of the Habsburg rulers, located in Hietzing, Vienna. The name Schönbrunn (meaning “beautiful spring”) has its roots in an artesian well from which water was consumed by the court.
- Early History
- Recent History
In the year 1569, Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II purchased a large floodplain of the Wien river. It was between Meidling and Hietzing. The emperor had the area to be fenced and put game there such as pheasants, ducks, deer and boar. This was the court's recreational hunting ground. In a small separate part of the area, "exotic" birds such as turkeys and peafowlwere kept. Fishponds were built, too. The name Schönbrunn (meaning "beautiful spring") is from an artesian wellfrom which water was consumed by the court. During the next century, the area was used as a hunting and recreation ground. Eleonora Gonzaga, who loved hunting, spent much time there. She was given the area as her widow's residence after the death of her husband, Ferdinand II. From 1638 to 1643, she added a palace to the Katterburg mansion. In 1642 it was called "Schönbrunn" for the first time. The start of the Schönbrunn orangeryseem to go back to Eleonora Gonzaga as well.
The sculpted garden space between the palace and the Sun Fountain is called the Great Parterre. The French garden, a big part of the area, was planned by Jean Trehet in 1695. It has a maze. Western parts were turned into English garden style in 1828–1852. At the outmost western edge, a botanical gardenwas made in 1828.
After the end of the monarchy in 1918, the new Austrian Republic became the owner of Schönbrunn Palace. They made it a museum. Later it was used for important events such as the meeting between John F. Kennedy and Nikita Khrushchevin 1961. UNESCO catalogued Schönbrunn Palace on the World Heritage List in 1996, together with its gardens, as a remarkable Baroqueensemble and example of synthesis of the arts.Katterburg and Gonzaga's palace near Wien river in 1672. In the background the hill of later Gloriette.Schönbrunn from the front side, painted by Canalettoin 1758.View of the Great Parterre on to the Gloriette.View of the gardens.
Support The reason why I'm proposing this, is that the German word Schloss gets translated in English as both "Castle" or "Palace". The problem is that "castle" in turn can be translated in German...Oppose Triangular translations are nothing new, nor unique about this place, and thus not a justification per se for a move. I have never seen this place referred to in English as Schönbrunn Castle...Oppose: following StanZegel. I don't see that the proposed new location is a more common name in English. Jonathunder19:20, 14 October 2005 (UTC)Oppose Schönbrunn Palace is standard in English, and suitable for a building which was not built to be defensible, but the state residence of an Emperor. Septentrionalis23:39, 15 October 2005 (UTC)
- Requested Move
- Archived Image
- Schönbrunn Palace !!!
- Move Sculptures to Separate Article
- Botanical Gardens?
- Maximilian II and The Zoo
- Second World War
- File:Schloss Schönbrunn Wien 2014 (Zuschnitt 2).jpg to Appear as POTD Soon
This "image" got cut out. Don't forget Wikipedia has it. Wetman06:18, 23 Jul 2004 (UTC) Just got back from a visit, found it discribed as a Palace and when I got there it was a palace. I still have the booklets if anyone wants any scans. 1. 1.1. rm display of an image of an irrelevant boy. There are more of them out there, I suppose. -- WeHaWoe (talk) 16:01, 20 February 2008 (UTC)
I'm working at Schönbrunn Palace and can tell you that it definitely is a Palace!As Septentrionalis has described there is a difference in the meaning of the two words castle and palace.
I'd suggest moving the sculptures into a separate article. They take away too much space in the Schönbrunn Palace article and are not that important in my opinion (I think most people don't even pay attention to them while visiting the parks in Schönbrunn). -Wutschwlllm14:15, 2 April 2007 (UTC) 1. I agree; the article displays poorly on my Firefox with the current sculpture arrangement. Olessi02:30, 24 April 2007 (UTC) 1. 1.1. I've moved it to Sculptures in the Schönbrunn Garden. -Wutschwlllm 13:11, 23 May 2007 (UTC) 1.1.1. Well done. I'm in doubt whether those pics might even be illegal scans from some booklet (due to lack of contrast). But I could be wrong. Anyways, it would be easy to re-produce similar next summer (they're all "shielded" for wintertime, as of now). -- WeHaWoe (talk) 16:06, 20 February 2008 (UTC)
Hi. I've been working on the article for the Zinfandel grape, which came to the US from what's described as "the Imperial nursery in Vienna". The odd reference suggests that this was at Schönbrunn - can anyone at the Schönbrunn end make sense of this? One would assume that the average polymath Emperor would run some kind of botanical gardens with different specimens of fruit varieties from around the Empire, but there's nothing in this article about that. FlagSteward (talk) 14:51, 18 December 2007 (UTC) 1. Of course, they had. In Schönbrunn, one botanical garden persists at the westernmost edge of the area, which in Image:Palace and Gardens of Schönbrunn rough map 2008.gif is all darker green area around Nr. 20. It is not much of a tourist attraction. By far bigger parts, where also vegetables were cultivated since around 1753 (when Ma. Theresa's husband had bought it), were between Nr. 21 and the lower (north) border, going on to Nr. 1., and including later "Palmenhaus parterre" Cr...
On 20080220, I removed from article "He showed interest in the newly founded zoo, the Tiergarten Schönbrunn, and tried to establish not only a systematic maintenance of wild animals, but also a garden of rare and exotic plants. He is justifiably called the creator of Schönbrunn's garden arrangement." which is wrong, but I'd like to note that, to someextent, there is a bit of truth in it: Maximilian did build up a menagerie, but he did this in his favoured de:Schloss Neugebäude which he built at that same time at the opposite side of the city, now Simmering (Vienna). It seems unlikely that any of those animals could ever have been transferred to Schönbrunn, as the Neugebäude Palace was destroyed by the turcs in 1683, as was Schönbrunn. But I have no verifiable data on this. WeHaWoe (talk) 07:52, 3 March 2008 (UTC)
The article doesn't mention that Schönbrunn Palace was bombed by the US Army Air Force in February 1945. Peter Bell (talk) —Preceding undatedcomment added 05:10, 21 March 2011 (UTC).
The "lusthaus" built by Eleonora von Gonzaga was destroyed by the Turks in 1683.Schonbrunn in its present form was built by Charles VI's daughter Maria Theresa from 1744-1749.http://stronghold.heavengames.com/history/cw/cw82 — Preceding unsigned comment added by 126.96.36.199 (talk) 06:27, 28 August 2011 (UTC)
Hello! This is a note to let the editors of this article know that File:Schloss Schönbrunn Wien 2014 (Zuschnitt 2).jpg will be appearing as picture of the day on April 10, 2017. You can view and edit the POTD blurb at Template:POTD/2017-04-10. If this article needs any attention or maintenance, it would be preferable if that could be done before its appearance on the Main Page. — Chris Woodrich (talk) 01:02, 28 March 2017 (UTC) Note: The photographer of this image habitually haunts users of his works with cease and desist letters. See this discussion on German wikipedia. ---<)kmk(>- (talk) 21:56, 13 April 2021 (UTC)
Schönbrunn may refer to: Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna, Austria. Schönbrunn (Vienna U-Bahn) Station. Schönbrunn (Baden), a municipality in Rhein-Neckar, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Schönbrunn (Fichtelgebirge), a village in the Fichtelgebirge mountains in Bavaria, Germany. Schönbrunn im Steigerwald, a municipality in Bamberg, Bavaria, Germany.
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The sculptures in the Schönbrunn Garden at Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna, Austria were created between 1773 and 1780 under the direction of Johann Wilhelm Beyer, a German artist and garden designer. The Great Parterre of Schönbrunn Garden is lined on both sides with 32 over life-size sculptures that represent mythological deities and virtues.No.TitleSculptorDescription1Artemisia II of CariaJakob Schletterer, Johann Baptist ...Artemisia II of Caria was the sister and ...2CalliopeWilhelm BeyerCalliope was the muse of epic poetry and ...3Brutus and LucretiaIgnaz PlatzerBrutus was the founder of the Roman ...4Ceres and DionysusJoachim GüntherCeres was the goddess of agriculture, ...
- Historical context of the Chinese Cabinets
- Mounting of porcelain in the Chinese cabinets
- The research of lacquer in Schönbrunn palace
The oval and the round Chinese Cabinets next to the Small Gallery are two rooms situated in the béletage of Schönbrunn Palace Corps de Logis in Vienna, Austria. Their decoration contains Chinese and Japanese porcelain as well as lacquerwork, silk and wooden paneling. It is likely that they were built as private rooms for the Austrian empress Maria Theresa of the Habsburg dynasty who took a special interest in Far Eastern art.
Today's appearance of the oval and round Chinese Cabinet are closely connected to the remodelling of the palace initiated by the Austrian empress Maria Theresia. In 1743 she took the decision to change the former Schönbrunn hunting lot in the Habsburgian summer residence. This brought a change in the interior design from baroque to the nowadays-Rococo decoration. The architect Nikolaus Pacassi was responsible for three phases of reconstruction between 1743 and 1764.
During the Baroque and Rococo eras, European aristocrats collected decoration pieces from East Asia. The Chinese cabinets of Schönbrunn palace represent such collection from the period of Empress Maria Theresia. The Oval cabinet comprises a colourful collection which is in contrast with the collection of the round cabinet. The round cabinet has ceramics in blue and white colour theme throughout with an exception of six Chinese figurines which have more colours. The collection was found to be in
The two “Chinese Cabinets” furnished with East Asian lacquer panels and porcelain were built between 1746 and 1760 in Schönbrunn Palace during the reign of Empress Maria Theresia. There are five different types of lacquer panels, Chinese polychrome lacquer panels, Chinese lacquer panels with gold decoration, Chinese coromandel lacquer panels, Japanese maki-e panels and European lacquer panels. The arrangement we see today is not the original one, but it is the oldest of which we have ...
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In the 17th century, theatrical performances were held occasionally at the park of Schloss Schönbrunn. Maria Theresa commissioned Nicolò Pacassi in 1745 to build an imperial theatre in a wing of the palace, as one of the first palace theatres in Europe. It was opened on 4 October 1747, the name day of her husband, Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor. The empress, who appeared in opera and theatre, watched her children perform in tableaux vivants. The theatre first served the Habsburg court exclusively. Members of the Court Opera performed at the theatre. Operas by Christoph Willibald Gluck premiered there, L'arbre enchanté in 1759, and Il Parnaso confuso in 1765. Joseph Haydnconducted performances of the Esterhazy orchestra in 1777. When Napoleon Bonaparte had his headquarters in Schönbrunn, he renovated the theatre. It was reopened in 1809 with Jean Racine's Phèdre. Singers of the Theater am Kärntnertor appeared for emperors and kings during the Congress of Vienna. Under Ferdinand I of A...Ernst Moriz Kronfeld: Das Schönbrunner Schloßtheater. Erster Teil: Von Maria Theresia bis zur Franzosenzeit. In: Hans Devrient (ed.): Archiv für Theatergeschichte, Vol. I, Fleischel, Berlin 1904, p...Dagobert Frey, Franz Herterich, Karl Kobald, Direktion des Burgtheaters in Wien (ed.): Das Schönbrunner Schlosstheater. Theater und Kultur, Vol. 11, ZDB-ID 2061067-1. Amalthea, Vienna 1924, OBV.Oscar Deléglise (ed.): Das Schönbrunner Schloßtheater. Bauer, Vienna 1947, OBV.Kunsträume. December 2009. (Schlosstheater Schönbrunn). Universität für Musik und darstellende Kunst Wien, Vienna 2009.Literature by and about Schlosstheater Schönbrunn in the German National Librarycatalogue
- Vienna, Austria
- Nicolò Pacassi
Palácio de Schönbrunn. Origem: Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre. * Nome como inscrito na lista do Património Mundial. O Palácio de Schönbrunn (em alemão, Schloss Schönbrunn ), conhecido também como o Palácio de Versalhes de Viena, é um dos principais monumentos históricos e culturais da Áustria. Está localizado no Hietzing, o 13º ...
The Palmenhaus Schönbrunn is a large greenhouse in Vienna, Austria featuring plants from around the world. It opened in 1882. It is the most prominent of the four greenhouses in Schönbrunn Palace Park, and is also among the largest botanical exhibits of its kind in the world, with around 4,500 plant species.