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  2. The five components of the scientific method are: observations, questions, hypothesis, methods and results. Following the scientific method procedure not only ensures that the experiment can be repeated by other researchers, but also that the results garnered can be accepted. Observations and Question

    • Clayton Yuetter
  3. Aug 2, 2020 · An experiment is a procedure designed to test a hypothesis as part of the scientific method. The two key variables in any experiment are the independent and dependent variables. The independent variable is controlled or changed to test its effects on the dependent variable.

    • Chemistry Expert
    • Purpose Statement. The purpose statement helps readers understand what you planned to accomplish with your project. Explain the basic reasoning behind the project, why you found the project compelling, and how you think the results of your experiment will be beneficial.
    • Hypothesis. The hypothesis is your rough estimation of what you believe would happen in your experiment. The hypothesis must answer a specific question related to your project.
    • Materials List. The materials list is relatively straightforward. You will simply need to make a list of everything you used to complete your experiment.
    • Procedures. Writing a procedure is necessary so you can perform each section of your experiment consistently. Also, much like the materials list, the procedure section helps another person carry out your experiment if desired.
    • Ask a Question. The scientific method starts when you ask a question about something that you observe: How, What, When, Who, Which, Why, or Where? For a science fair project some teachers require that the question be something you can measure, preferably with a number.
    • Do Background Research. Rather than starting from scratch in putting together a plan for answering your question, you want to be a savvy scientist using library and Internet research to help you find the best way to do things and ensure that you don't repeat mistakes from the past.
    • Construct a Hypothesis. A hypothesis is an educated guess about how things work. It is an attempt to answer your question with an explanation that can be tested.
    • Test Your Hypothesis by Doing an Experiment. Your experiment tests whether your prediction is accurate and thus your hypothesis is supported or not. It is important for your experiment to be a fair test.
  4. The scientific method begins with an observation, which leads the scientist to ask a question. They then come up with a hypothesis, a testable explanation that addresses the question. A hypothesis isn't necessarily right. Instead, it's a "best guess," and the scientist must test it to see if it's actually correct.

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