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  1. Sea of Azov - Wikipedia › wiki › Sea_of_Azov

    The Sea of Azov is an internal sea with passage to the Atlantic Ocean going through the Black, Marmara, Aegean and Mediterranean seas. It is connected to the Black Sea by the Strait of Kerch, which at its narrowest has a width of 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) and a maximum depth of 15 metres (49 ft).

    • 7 metres (23 ft)
    • 39,000 km² (15,000 sq mi)
    • 14 m (46 ft)
    • 290 km³ (240×10⁶ acre⋅ft)
  2. Sea of Azov — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2 › en › Sea_of_Azov
    • Names
    • History
    • Geology and Bathymetry
    • Coastal Features and Major Population Centres
    • Aquatory
    • Climate
    • Flora and Fauna
    • Economy and Ecology
    • Bibliography

    The name is likely to derive from the settlement of an area around Azov, whose name comes from the Kipchak Turkish asak or azaq ("lowlands"). A Russian folk etymology, however, instead derives it from an eponymous Cuman prince named "Azum" or "Asuf", said to have been killed defending his town in 1067. A formerly common spelling of the name in English was the Sea of Azoff, which is closer to the Russianpronunciation. In antiquity, the sea was usually known as the Maeotis Swamp (Ancient Greek: ἡ Μαιῶτις λίμνη, ē Maiōtis límnē; Latin: Palus Maeotis) from the marshlands to its northeast. It remains unclear whether it was named for the nearby Maeotians or if that name was applied broadly to various peoples who happened to live beside it. Other names included Lake Maeotis or Maeotius (Mæotius or Mæotis Lacus); the Maeotian or Maeotic Sea (Mæotium or Mæoticum Æquor); the Cimmerian or Scythican Swamps (Cimmeriae or Scythicæ Paludes); and the Cimmerian or Bosporic Sea (Cimmericum or Bospori...


    There are traces of Neolithicsettlement in the area now covered by the sea. In 1997, William Ryan and Walter Pitman of Columbia University published a theory that a massive flood through the Bosporus occurred in ancient times. They claim that the Black and Caspian Seas were vast freshwater lakes, but in about 5600 BC the Mediterranean spilled over a rocky sill at the Bosporus, creating the current link between the Black and Mediterranean Seas. Subsequent work has been done both to support and...


    The Maeotian marshes around the mouth of the Tanais River (the present-day Don) were famous in antiquity, as they served as an important check on the migration of nomadic people from the Eurasian steppelands. The Maeotians themselves lived by fishing and farming, but were avid warriors able to defend themselves against invaders. Misled by its strong currents, ancient geographers had only a vague idea of the extent of the sea, whose fresh water caused them to typically label it a "swamp" or a...

    Azov campaigns of 1695–96 and 1736–37

    The Sea of Azov was frequently the scene of military conflicts between Russia, pursuing naval expansion to the south, and the major power in the region, Turkey. During the Russo-Turkish War (1686–1700), there were two campaigns in 1695–96 to capture the then Turkish fortress of Azov defended by a garrison of 7,000. The campaigns were headed by Peter I and aimed to gain Russian access to the Sea of Azov and Black Sea. The first campaign began in the spring of 1695. The Russian army consisted o...

    The International Hydrographic Organization defines the limit of the Sea of Azov in the Kertch Strait [sic] as "The limit of the Black Sea", which is itself defined as "A line joining Cape Takil and Cape Panaghia (45°02'N)". The sea is considered an internal sea of Russia and Ukraine, and its use is governed by an agreement between these countries ratified in 2003.The sea is 360 kilometres (220 mi) long and 180 kilometres (110 mi) wide and has an area of 39,000 square kilometres (15,000 sq mi); it is the smallest sea within the countries of the former Soviet Union. The main rivers flowing into it are the Don and Kuban; they ensure that the waters of the sea have comparatively low salinity and are almost fresh in places, and also bring in huge volumes of siltand sand. Accumulation of sand and shells results in a smooth and low coastline, as well as in numerous spits and sandbanks. The Sea of Azov is the shallowest sea in the world with an average depth of 7 metres (23 ft) and maximum...

    Many rivers flowing into the Sea of Azov form bays, lagoons and limans. The sand, silt and shells they bring are deposited in the areas of reduced flow, that is the sides of the bays, forming narrow sandbanks called spits. Typical maximum depth in the bays and limans is a few metres. Because of shallow waters and abundant rivers, the spits are remarkably long and numerous in the sea – the Arabat Spitstretches over 112 kilometres (70 mi) and is one of the world's longest spits; three other spits, Fedotov Spit, Achuevsk Spit and Obitochna Spit, are longer than 30 km. Most spits stretch from north to south and their shape can significantly change over just several years. A remarkable feature of the Sea of Azov is the large complex of shallow lagoons called Sivash or "Rotten Sea". Their typical depth is only 0.5–1 metres with a maximum of 3 metres. They cover an area of 2,560 square kilometres (990 sq mi) in the northeastern Crimea which is separated from the sea by the Arabatsk Spit. N...

    The sea is relatively small and nearly surrounded by land. Therefore, its climate is continental with cold winters and hot and dry summers. In autumn and winter, the weather is affected by the Siberian Anticyclone which brings cold and dry air from Siberia with winds of 4–7 m/s, sometimes up to 15 m/s. Those winds may lower the winter temperatures from the usual −1 to −5 °C to below −30 °C. The mean mid-summer temperatures are 23–25 °C with a maximum of about 40 °C. Winds are weaker in summer, typically 3–5 m/s. Precipitationvaries between 312 and 528 mm/year and is 1.5–2 times larger in summer than in winter. Average water temperatures are 0–1 °C in winter (2–3 °C in the Kerch Strait) and 24–25 °C in summer, with a maximum of about 28 °C on the open sea and above 30 °C near the shores. During the summer, the sea surface is usually slightly warmer than the air. Because of the shallowcharacter of the sea, the temperature usually lowers by only about 1 °C with depth, but in cold winte...

    Historically, the sea has had rich marine life, both in variety, with over 80 fish and 300 invertebrate species identified, and in numbers. Consequently, fishing has long been a major activity in the area. The annual catch of recent years was 300,000 tonnes, about half of which are valuable species (sturgeon, pike-perch, bream, sea-roach, etc.). This was partly due to extremely high biological productivity of the sea, which was stimulated by the strong supply of nutrients from numerous rivers feeding the sea, low water salinity, ample heating due to shallow waters and long vegetation period. However, diversity and numbers have been reduced by artificial reduction of river flow (construction of dams), over-fishing and water-intense large-scale cultivation of cotton, causing increasing levels of pollution. Fish hauls have rapidly decreased and in particular anchovyfisheries have collapsed.

    For centuries, the Sea of Azov has been an important waterway for the transport of goods and passengers. The first modern ironworks in Imperial Russia were located upstream on the Kalmius River at Donetsk, originally named Hughesovka (Russian: Юзовка). It was also important for the transportation of iron ores from the mines of the Kerch peninsula to the processing plant of Azovstal in Mariupol (formerly Zhdanov), Ukraine; this activity stopped after the closure of the mines in the 1990s. Navigation increased after the construction in 1952 of the Volga–Don Canal which connected the Sea of Azov with the Volga River – the most important riverine transport route in the central Russia – thus connecting major cities such as Moscow, Volgograd and Astrakhan. Currently, the major ports are in Taganrog, Mariupol, Yeysk and Berdyansk. Increasing navigation rates have resulted in more pollution and even in ecological disasters. On 11 November 2007, a strong storm resulted in the sinking of four...

    Kosarev, Andrey G. Kostianoy, Aleksey N. (2007). The Black Sea Environment. Springer. ISBN 978-3-540-74291-3.

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  4. Sea of Azov - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia › wiki › Sea_of_Azov

    The Sea of Azov ( Russian: Азо́вское мо́ре - Azovskoye more; Ukrainian: Озівськe or Азо́вське мо́ре - Ozivs'ke or Azovs'ke more) is the world's shallowest sea, linked by the Strait of Kerch to the Black Sea to the south. It is bounded on the north by Ukraine, on the east by Russia and on the west by the ...

  5. Kerch Strait incident - Wikipedia › wiki › 2018_Kerch_Strait_incident

    25 November 2018 Kerch Strait incident map The incident began in the morning of 25 November, when the Ukrainian Gyurza-M-class artillery boats Berdyansk [ uk ] , Nikopol [ uk ] , and tugboat Yany Kapu [ uk ] attempted to complete a journey from the Black Sea port of Odessa in south-western Ukraine to the Azov Sea port of Mariupol in eastern ...

    • Russian Coast Guard patrol boats intercept Ukrainian Navy boats and block the strait
    • Russian Border Guard captures three Ukrainian naval vessels, Ukraine declared regional martial law starting on 28 November 2018, Ukraine bans entry to all male Russian nationals aged 16–60 for the period of the martial law with exceptions for humanitarian purposes, Ukraine claims that Russia blocked vessels from sailing to Ukrainian ports (denied by Russia)
  6. Syvash - Wikipedia › wiki › Sivash

    Its eastern connection to the Sea of Azov is called the Henichesk Strait. The Syvash borders the northeastern coast of the main Crimean Peninsula . Central and Eastern Syvash were registered as wetlands of Ukraine under the Ramsar Convention ; however, after the 2014 Russian annexation of Crimea they became subject to a territorial dispute.

  7. Kerch Strait - Wikipedia › wiki › Kerch_Strait

    The Kerch Strait, is a strait in Eastern Europe. It connects the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov, separating the Kerch Peninsula of Crimea in the west from the Taman Peninsula of Russia's Krasnodar Krai in the east. The strait is 3.1 kilometres (1.9 mi) to 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) wide and up to 18 metres (59 ft) deep.

  8. Berdiansk - Wikipedia › wiki › Berdiansk

    Berdiansk or Berdyansk (Ukrainian: Бердя́нськ, romanized: Berdiansk, Russian: Бердя́нск, romanized: Berdyansk) is a port city in the Zaporizhzhia Oblast of south-east Ukraine. It is on the northern coast of the Sea of Azov , which is the northern extension of the Black Sea.

  9. Azov Map - Ukraine - Mapcarta › 32981130

    Azov Azov is a village in Novoazovsk Raion in Donetsk Oblast of eastern Ukraine, at 124 km SSE from the centre of Donetsk city. The settlement was taken under control of pro-Russian forces during the War in Donbass, that started in 2014.

  10. Europe Map Sea Of Azov - Blogger › 2014 › 08

    Aug 12, 2014 · Figurines Standing On The Europe Map Around The Azov And Black. Amazon Com Crimea Sea Of Azov Black Sea 1855 Tallis Rapkin. Map Of Black Sea World Seas Black Sea Map Location. Ukraine Large Color Map Ukraine Ukraine Country Eastern. According To This Map Sea Of Azov Is A Country And The.

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