The 2nd millennium BC spanned the years 2000 through 1001 BC. In the Ancient Near East, it marks the transition from the Middle to the Late Bronze Age.The Ancient Near Eastern cultures are well within the historical era: The first half of the millennium is dominated by the Middle Kingdom of Egypt and Babylonia.
The 2nd millennium BC is the time between the Middle and the late Bronze Age. The first half of the millennium saw a lot of activity by the Middle Kingdom of Egypt and Babylonia. The alphabet develops. Indo-Iranian migration onto the Iranian plateau and onto the Indian subcontinent saw the creation and use of the chariot. Chariot warfare and ...
1. The texts of the Linear В tablets in the second half of the second millennium BCE. The Greek language as written in the Linear B script is conventionally called Mycenaean. 2. The texts of the first millennium BCE, written in the Greek alphabet, which show four basic dialectal divisions.
Jun 28, 2017 · Other early dyed wool textiles were found in Italy dated to the Iron Age , and in China’s Xinjiang province at burial sites dated to the early 2nd through the 1st millennium BCE. Also there, HPLC analysis identified madder and plant-based indigotin [ 43 , 76 ].
- Naama Sukenik, David Iluz, Zohar Amar, Alexander Varvak, Vanessa Workman, Orit Shamir, Erez Ben-Yose...
Sep 13, 2011 · Early settlement began 10,000 BCE. Early Bronze Age kingdoms arose in the 3rd Millennium BCE. Babylonian empires followed by the Assyrian Empire 2nd Millennium BCE. Hittite empire followed by neo-Asyrian and neo-Babylonian empires followed by Persian empire and Macedonian ngdoms 1st Millennium BCE.
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The major characteristics of civilization and how civilizations emerged in Mesopotamia, Egypt and the Indus valley. Standard 1A The student understands how Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Indus valley became centers of dense population, urbanization, and cultural innovation in the fourth and third millennia BCE. Standard 1B The student understands how commercial and cultural interactions contributed to change in the Tigris-Euphrates, Indus, and Nile regions.
How agrarian societies spread and new states emerged in the third and second millennia BCE. Standard 2A The student understands how civilization emerged in northern China in the second millennium BCE. Standard 2B The student understands how new centers of agrarian society arose in the third and second millennia BCE.
The political, social, and cultural consequences of population movements and militarization in Eurasia in the second millennium BCE. Standard 3A The student understands how population movements from western and Central Asia affected peoples of India, Southwest Asia, and the Mediterranean region. Standard 3B The student understands the social and cultural effects that militarization and the emergence of new kingdoms had on peoples of Southwest Asia and Egypt in the second millennium BCE. Standard 3C The student understands how urban society expanded in the Aegean region in the era of Mycenaean dominance. Standard 3D The student understands the development of new cultural patterns in northern India in the second millennium BCE.
Major trends in Eurasia and Africa from 4000 to 1000 BCE. Standard 4A The student understands major trends in Eurasia and Africa from 4000 to 1000 BCE.
millennium BCE and Ugaritic mythological literature from the second millennium BCE. Since the discovery of the tablets of Elimelek in the 1920s and 1930s at Ras Shamra, scholars have
- Bronze Age Bodies
- Dental Calculus
- Proteome Analysis
Happily, studies from the Levant Region, a large land mass including Israel, Palestine, Lebanon, Jordan and Syria, still has the bodies of people who lived there in the Bronze Age, in the cemeteries and burial grounds. Studies of the bodies have been carried out by a group from Israel, Germany, Spain, U.K. and the U.S. The exciting paper, titled ‘Exotic foods reveal contact between South Asia and the Near East during the second millennium BCE’, has appeared in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Science,or PNAS, in December 2020. It may be accessed through https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2014956117 Ancient literary sources referred to how long-distance travel was taking place in the third millennium BCE, of the transport of live animals such as the movement of donkeys from Egypt to the Southern Levant, i.e., the region between modern-day Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Syria and the cities of Amman, Aleppo, Beirut and Damascus, and even between Italy and Mesopotamia (Iran, Sy...
Two sites in this region, Megiddo and Tel Erani, were chosen for study. The research group had access to the tombs, cemeteries and burial sites in this region. Sixteen (16) samples from here were collected, from which they could obtain bones of the long-dead people. Analysis of the tooth bones, in particular the lower teeth connecting the jaw, was done and studied in detail. Scientists call this analysis, ‘dental calculus’. (By the way, this term calculus has nothing to do with mathematics at all, so please do not think that they were doing any advanced mathematical analysis!) The calculus here refers to the protein analysis of the teeth taken from the dead body, which offers information about the kind of food was eaten by the person – in particular plant material that had been stuck in the tooth. These plant materials are called ‘phytoliths’ (’phyto’ referring to plant and ‘lith’ to the fossilised part of the plant tissue stuck in the tooth). The researchers could analyse the denta...
The group followed it up with the proteome analysis, which tells us the entire set of proteins expressed in the cells of the material. This revealed the presence of vanilla, cinnamon, nutmeg, jasmine, cloves and peppercorn, revealing thereby that trade routes existed as early as the Bronze Age (3000–1200 BCE) and the Iron Age (500 BCE) between the Southeast and the Mediterranean, and the Black Sea-Dead Sea regions. Bronze Age in India, particularly in the Northwest part of the country, is well documented by archeologists and historians. (The details of Bronze Age in the South of the region are still being studied). The Indus Valley Civilisation had already moved from the Stone Age into the Bronze Age (3300 – 1300 BCE). Metallurgy was practised. The Indus Valley Civilisation, around 2600 BCE, is well documented for its urbanisation in the cities of Mohenjo- Daro and Harappa in what is now in Pakistan, then Nothwest India region, where introduction of written texts, agriculture, water...
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Indus civilization, the earliest known urban culture of the Indian subcontinent. The nuclear dates of the civilization appear to be about 2500–1700 BCE, though the southern sites may have lasted later into the 2nd millennium BCE. Learn more about the Indus civilization in this article.
Dating from the second millennium BCE, the Dodona shrine was considered to be second in prestige only to Delphi. Due to the large amount of oak trees located on and around the property, naming the house Dodona Manor seemed appropriate.