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The Second Philippine Republic, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (Tagalog: Republika ng Pilipinas; Japanese: フィリピン 共和国 （ きょうわこく ）, romanized: Firipin kyōwakoku; Spanish: República de Filipinas) and also known as the Japanese-sponsored Philippine Republic, was a puppet state established on October 14, 1943, during the Japanese occupation.
- Understanding The Second Philippine Republic
- The Second Philippine Republic
- The Japanese Occupation of The Philippines
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The Second Philippine Republic was established during the Japanese occupation of the Philippines. At the outset of the occupation, the Japanese government established a military administration over the Philippines, as well as the Philippine Executive Commission, composed of several pre-war Filipino political leaders. The KALIBAPI (Kapisanan ng Paglilingkod sa Bagong Pilipinas) was also organized, designed to be the sole and exclusive political organization in the Philippines. On June 16, 1943, Premier Hideki Tojo promised independence to the Philippines. The KALIBAPI would then form the Preparatory Committee on Philippine Independence (PCPI), which was tasked with drafting a new Constitution. The new Constitution was approved by the Preparatory Committee on Philippine Independence on September 4, 1943 and ratified by the KALIBAPI on September 7, 1943. The KALIBAPI then proceeded to elect part of the new National Assembly, which also included appointed members; in turn, the National...
This is a painting by National Artist Fernando Amorsolo of Rafael Alunan, completed in 1923. Mr. Alunan had a long and distinguished career as a public servant in both the legislative and executive branches of government, serving as a member of the Quezon cabinet, then Commissioner in the Philippine Executive Commission, the Chairman of the National Planning Board and later as Minister of Agriculture and Natural Resources as part of the Laurel cabinet. He died in a plane crash in 1948. Mr. Alunan stands beside an accurate and detailed representation of the Philippine flag, which, at the start of the Second Philippine Republic, had been reverted to the Aguinaldo design which featured three yellow stars and an anthropomorphic eight-rayed sun. As such, this painting is a rare and invaluable resource to historians as to the original colors and design of the Philippine flag in 1898, until it was modified in the codification of the specifications of the Philippine flag in 1936. Those spec...
A compilation of photos from the Japanese occupation of the Philippines, taken from the April 9, 1967 issue of The Sunday Times. This was the first of three issues on World War II in the Philippines, “its glory and despair, its anxiety and agony; the soul-shaking excitement of events from Bataan, 1942 to the Battle of Manila, 1945.” The photoset also includes other photographs from the Presidential Museum and Library and from the website of Ms. Linda Stanfield, who kindly gave permission to include her collection of photographs from the Japanese Propaganda Corps. View the entire photoset on the Presidential Museum and Library Flickr: The Japanese Occupation of the Philippines In addition, the BBC Motion Gallery has a large collection of film clips of the Japanese Occupation of the Philippines, from its partnership with NHK of Japan. Click this link to see a gallery of Japanese Occupation film clips, many of them taken from Japanese and Philippine newsreels of the era.Essay: Dr. Jose P. Laurel as President of the Second Philippine Republic, by Dr. Ricardo T. JoseEssay: The KALIBAPI (Association for Service to the New Philippines) during the Japanese Occupation, by Dr. Ricarto T. Jose, December 27, 2001Profile: Jose P. Laurel, on the Presidential Museum and LibraryDocument: The 1943 Philippine Constitution, on the Official Gazette of the Philippines
The Second Philippine Republic, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (Tagalog language: Repúbliká ng Pilipinas), or known in the Philippines as Japanese-sponsored Philippine Republic, was a puppet state established on October 14, 1943, during the Japanese occupation. President Manuel L. Quezon declared Manila, the capital city, an "open city" and left it under the rule of ...
The Second Philippine Republic, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (Japanese: フィリピン共和国, Filipino: Repúbliká ng Pilipinas), or known in the Philippines as Japanese-sponsored Philippine Republic, was a puppet state established on October 14, 1943, during the Japanese occupation.
The Second Philippine Republic, the official name is the Republic of the Philippines ( tag. Republika ng Pilipinas) - a state formed in the territory of the Philippines occupied by the Japanese empire. It existed from October 14, 1943 to August 17, 1945.
Jul 14, 2021 · The Second Philippine Republic was born under great duress—during the Japanese occupation—and faced virtually insurmountable obstacles. Despite the odds, Dr. Jose P. Laurel as President of this republic, did all he could and more to meet the problems of the time and to try to transcend them.
Jun 13, 2016 · Second of three parts THE Philippines as an independent nation is now currently under the Fifth Republic. The government of Emilio Aguinaldo that declared Philippine independence on June 12, 1898 ...
Nov 27, 2017 · The second republic was inaugurated on October 14, 1943 on the front steps of the legislative building in Manila. The Philippine flag was hoisted as the national anthem was played. Meanwhile, the Japanese started using propaganda to gain the trust and confidence of Filipinos who refused to cooperate with them.
Second Philippine Republicball is a historical countryball in East Asia, 1943-1945 has been a territory of Empire of Japanball. 1 Japan 2 Relations 2.1 Friends: 2.2 Enemies: 3 Gallery When Empire of Japanball attacked the Commonwealth of the Philippinesball the country was overrun and...
During World War II the Japanese Empire invaded and the Second Philippine Republic, under Jose P. Laurel, was established as a puppet state.   From 1942 the Japanese occupation of the Philippines was opposed by large-scale underground guerrilla activity .