Although Islam is Senegal's majority religion, Senegal's first president, Léopold Sédar Senghor, was a Catholic Serer. Serer religion encompasses a belief in a supreme deity called Roog ( Koox among the Cangin ), Serer cosmogony , cosmology and divination ceremonies such as the annual Xooy (or Khoy ) ceremony presided over by the Serer ...
14° 43′ 29″ N, 17° 28′ 24″ O Géographie Plus grande ville Dakar Superficie totale 196 722 km 2 (classé 88 e) Superficie en eau 2,1 % Fuseau horaire UTC 0 Histoire Indépendance France Fédération du Mali (1959 – 1960) Date 4 avril 1960 20 août 1960 Démographie Gentilé Sénégalais(e) Population totale (2019 ) 16 209 125 hab. (classé 61 e) Densité 82 hab./km 2 Économie Taux ...
- Kingdoms and Empires
- The era of trading posts and trafficking
The history of Senegal is commonly divided into a number of periods, encompassing the prehistoric era, the precolonial period, colonialism, and the contemporary era.
The earliest evidence of human life is found in the valley of the Falémé in the south-east. The presence of man in the Lower Paleolithic is attested by the discovery of stone tools characteristic of Acheulean such as hand axes reported by Théodore Monod at the tip of Fann in the peninsula of Cap-Vert in 1938, or cleavers found in the south-east. There were also found stones shaped by the Levallois technique, characteristic of the Middle Paleolithic. Mousterian Industry is represented ...
In the Senegambia, the period when humans became hunters, fishermen and producers are all well represented and studied. This is when more elaborate objects and ceramics emerged. But gray areas remain. Although the characteristics and manifestations of civilization from the Neolithic have been identified their origins and relationship have not yet fully defined. What can be distinguished is: 1. The dig of Cape Manuel: the Neolithic deposit Manueline Dakar was discovered in 1940. Basalt rocks incl
In the case of Senegal, the periodization of prehistory remains controversial. It is often described as beginning with the age of metallurgy, thus placing it between the first metalworking and the appearance of writing. Other approaches exist such as that of Guy Thilmans and his team in 1980, who felt that any archeology from pre-colonial could be attached to that designation or that of Hamady Bocoum, who speaks of "Historical Archaeology" from the 4th century, at least for the former Tekrur.
The region of modern Senegal was a part of the larger region called Upper Guinea by European traders. In the absence of written sources and monumental ruins in this region, the history of the early centuries of the modern era must be based primarily on archaeological excavations, the writing of early geographers and travelers, written in Arabic and data derived from oral tradition. Combining these data suggests that Senegal was first populated from the north and east in several waves of migratio
According to several ancient sources, including occasions by the Dictionnaire de pédagogie et d'instruction primaire by Ferdinand Buisson in 1887, the first French settlement in Senegal dates back to the Dieppe Mariners in the 14th century. Flattering for Norman sailors, this argument gives credence also to the idea of a precedence of the French presence in the region, but it is not confirmed by subsequent work. In the mid-15th century, several European nations reached the coast of West Africa,
El Senegal, cuyo nombre oficial es República del Senegal (en francés: République du Sénégal), es un estado soberano de África Occidental cuya forma de gobierno es la república semipresidencialista. Su territorio está organizado en catorce regiones. Debe su nombre al río Senegal, que marca la frontera este y norte del país.
- Notable sites
- Places of worship
Dakar is the capital and largest city of Senegal. The city of Dakar proper has a population of 1,030,594, whereas the population of the Dakar metropolitan area is estimated at 3.94 million in 2021. The area around Dakar was settled in the 15th century. The Portuguese established a presence on the island of Gorée off the coast of Cap-Vert and used it as a base for the Atlantic slave trade. France took over the island in 1677. Following the abolition of the slave trade and French annexation...
The Cap-Vert peninsula was settled no later than the 15th century, by the Lebou people, an aquacultural ethnic group related to the neighboring Wolof and Serer. The original villages—Ouakam, Ngor, Yoff and Hann—still constitute distinctively Lebou neighborhoods of the city today. In 1444, the Portuguese reached the Bay of Dakar, initially as slave-raiders. Peaceful contact was finally opened in 1456 by Diogo Gomes, and the bay was subsequently referred to as the "Angra de Bezeguiche ...
It is located on the Cap-Vert peninsula on the Atlantic coast and is the westernmost city on the African mainland.
The city of Dakar is a commune, one of the some 125 communes of Senegal. The commune of Dakar was created by the French colonial administration on June 17, 1887 by detaching it from the commune of Gorée. The commune of Gorée, created in 1872, was itself one of the oldest Western-style municipalities in Africa. The commune of Dakar has been in continuous existence since 1887, being preserved by the new state of Senegal after independence in 1960, although its limits have varied ...
The city of Dakar is a member of the Organization of World Heritage Cities, and contains several landmarks. One of the most notable is Deux Mamelles, twin hills located in Ouakam commune. The hills are the only high ground in the city, providing views of the entire area and sweeping views of the city. The first hill is topped with Mamelles Lighthouse built in 1864. The second hill has the newly completed African Renaissance Monument built on top, which is considered the tallest statue in Africa.
Among the places of worship, there are predominantly Muslim mosques. There are also Christian churches and temples: Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Dakar, Assemblies of God, Universal Church of the Kingdom of God. Dakar was selected as the Capital of Islamic Culture for African Region for the year 2007 by the Islamic Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, honoring its Islamic heritage. ISESCO and its parent organization Organization of Islamic Cooperation have held several regional and
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Etimologia. O Senegal é nomeado a partir do rio Senegal, cuja etimologia é polêmica.Uma teoria popular (proposta por David Meakin em 1853) é que ela decorreria da expressão "sunu gaal" que significa, na Língua uolofe, "nossa canoa". sendo resultante de uma falha de comunicação entre marinheiros portugueses do século XV e os pescadores uolofes.
Senegal (franska: Sénégal), formellt Republiken Senegal (franska: la République du Sénégal),  är en suverän stat och republik i Västafrika belägen vid Atlanten och är det västligaste landet på Afrikas fastland. Landet gränsar till Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali och Mauretanien
Senegal on Afrikan läntisin valtio ja sen naapurivaltiot ovat Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Mali ja Mauritania. Nimensä Senegal on saanut Senegaljoesta. Gambia ja Gambiajoki jakavat Senegalin kahteen alueeseen, jotka poikkeavat toisistaan maantieteellisesti, kulttuurillisesti ja etnisesti.
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