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  1. e. Sicilian (Sicilian: sicilianu, pronounced [sɪʃɪˈljaːnʊ]; Italian: siciliano) is a Romance language that is spoken on the island of Sicily and its satellite islands. A variant, Calabro-Sicilian, is spoken in southern Calabria, where it is called Southern Calabro notably in the Metropolitan City of Reggio Calabria.

    • 4.7 million (2002)
    • Italy
  2. › wiki › SiciliansSicilians - Wikipedia

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    The Sicilian people are indigenous to the island of Sicily, which was first populated beginning in the Paleolithic and Neolithic periods. According to the famous Italian Historian Carlo Denina, the origin of the first inhabitants of Sicily is no less obscure than that of the first Italians, however, there is no doubt that a large part of these earl...

    Sicily has experienced the presence of a number of different cultures and ethnicities in its vast history, including the aboriginal peoples of differing ethnolinguistic origins (Sicani, Siculi and Elymians), Bruttians, Morgetes, Oenotrians, Phoenicians and Carthaginians, Ancient Greeks (Magna Graecia), Mamertines, Romans and Jews during the ancient...

    In 2008, the number of Sicilians abroad was well over 1 million. The countries in which they are most numerous on this date are: United States, Germany, Belgium, Switzerland, Argentina and France. The population of the Diaspora without including those in the United States is 629,114 individuals. In the United States, the Sicilian-Americans are a la...

    Autosomal studies

    Several studies involving whole genome analysis of mainland Italians and Sicilians have found that samples from Northern Italy, Southern Italy and Sicily belong to their own unique/distinct separate clusters, while a genetic gap is filled by an intermediate Central Italian cluster, creating a continuous cline of variation that mirrors geography. Genetically, Sicilians cluster the closest to Southern Italians, and especially to Calabrians. Other studies have also demonstrated that the populati...

    MtDna and Y DNA studies

    According to one study, Y-DNA haplogroups were found at the following frequencies in Sicily:R1 (36.76%), J (29.65%), E1b1b (18.21%), I (7.62%), G (5.93%), T (5.51%), Q (2.54%). R1 and I haplogroups are typical in West European and North European populations while J, T, G, Q and E1b1b (and their various subclades) consist of lineages with differential distribution across West Asia, North Africa and Europe. The five main MtDNA haplogroups present in Sicily are haplogroups H, K, X, W and U, whic...


    Fernandes et al. (2019), The Arrival of Steppe and Iranian Related Ancestry in the Islands of the Western Mediterranean, found that in Sicily, Western Steppe Herders ancestry arrived by ∼2200 BCE and likely came at least in part from Spain. 4 of the 5 Early Bronze Age Sicilian males had Steppe-associated Y-haplogroup R1b1a1a2a1a2 (R-P312). Two of these were Y-haplogroup R1b1a1a2a1a2a1 (Z195) which today is largely restricted to Iberia and has been hypothesized to have originated there 2500-20...


    Today in Sicily most people are bilingual and speak both Italian and Sicilian, a distinct and historical Romance language. Many Sicilian words are of Greek origin, while smaller numbers of other loan words are from Norman, Arabic, Catalan, Occitan, Spanish and other languages. Other dialects of Sicilian, or those very closely related to it, are also spoken in southern Calabria, Salento and Salerno. Sicilian was an early influence in the development of standard Italian, although its use remain...


    Historically Sicily has been home to many religions, including (Islam, Native religions, Judaism, Classical Paganism, Carthaginian religions, and Byzantine Orthodoxy), the coexistence of which has been historically seen as an ideal example of religious multiculturalism. Many Sicilians today are baptized as Roman Catholic. Catholicism and Latinizationin Sicily originated from the islands Norman occupiers and forced conversion continued under the Spanish invaders, where the majority of Sicily's...

    Sicilian folk costumes and traditions
    Sicilian youth in traditional attire, 1890s
    Sicilian cart, 1899
    A Sicilian monk
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  4. › wiki › SicilianSicilian language - Wikipedia

    Oct 25, 2021 · Sicilian is spoken by most inhabitants of Sicily and by emigrant populations around the world. The latter are found in the countries that attracted large numbers of Sicilian immig

  5. Sicilianuis the name of the language in Sicily itself (Gordon). The term "Siculu" describes one of the larger prehistoric groups living in Sicily (the Sicelsor Siculi) before the arrival of Greeksin the 8th century BC (see below).

  6. It was published between 1977 and 2002 and is considered the highest reference on the subject, with a total of about 5,500. It was also realized with the contribution of the Sicilian Region and the National Research Council. It is one of the most important works ever carried out on the Sicilian language. References ^

  7. 'sicilian english english sicilian dictionary amp phrasebook november 29th, 2019 - features a concise sicilian grammar and a bilingual dictionary with pronunciation guide the comprehensive phrasebook offers guidance for situations including dining out accommodations and obtaining medical care it also contains complete phonetic spellings' …

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