March – The peace treaty between England and France is extended until April of 1377.April 28 – The start of Good Parliamentin England, so called because its members attempted to reform the corrupt Royal Council.June 7 – The dying Prince Edward summons his father Edward III and brother John of Gaunt and makes them swear to uphold the claim to the throne of his son Richard.June 8 – Edward, the Black Princedies, becoming the first English Prince of Wales to not rule as king.
- Arts and Literature
December 25 – Geoffrey Chaucergoes abroad on secret state business in the company of Sir John Burley.November 9 – Edmund Mortimer, English rebel (died 1409)Gihwa, Scholar in Korean BuddhismJanuary 24 – Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel, English military leaderJune 8 – Edward, the Black Prince, son of King Edward III of England (born 1330)Simon Langham, Archbishop of Canterbury
Other English transliteration include Kypchaks and Qipchaks. The Russian "Polovtsy" (Russian: Половецкие пляски , tr. Polovetskie plyaski ) was the name given to the Kipchaks and Cumans by the Rus' people - hence the Polovtsian Dances at the end of act 2 of Alexander Borodin 's opera Prince Igor .
The name Golden Horde, a partial calque of Russian Золотая Орда (Zolotája Ordá), itself supposedly a partial calque of Turkic Altan Orda, is said to have been inspired by the golden color of the tents the Mongols lived in during wartime, or an actual golden tent used by Batu Khan or by Uzbek Khan, or to have been bestowed by the Slavic tributaries to describe the great wealth of ...
Kazakh Khanate. former Islamic monarchy in Central Asia, a successor to the Golden Horde ... English Wikipedia. native label. Қазақ ... Sighnaq. 1 reference ...
- See Also
The Kipchaks interpreted their name as meaning "hollow tree" (Middle Turkic: kuv ağaç); according to them, inside a hollow tree, their original human ancestress gave birth to her son. Németh points to the Siberian qıpčaq "angry, quick-tempered" attested only in the Siberian Sağay dialect (a dialect of Khakas language) . Klyashtorny links Kipchak to qovı, qovuq "unfortunate, unlucky"; yet Golden sees a better match in qıv "good fortune" and adjectival suffix -čāq. Regardless, Golden notes that the ethnonym's original form and etymology "remain a matter of contention and speculation". Their name appears occasionally transliterated in other languages, such as Arabic: قفجاق, romanized: Qifjāq; Persian: قبچاق, romanized: Qabčāq/Qabcâq; Georgian: ყივჩაღები, romanized: Qivçaghebi; Turkish: Kıpçak; Crimean Tatar: Kıpçaq, Karachay-Balkar: Къыпчакъ, romanized: Qıpçaq; Uzbek: Qipchoq, Қипчоқ/قىپچاق; Uighur: قىپچاق, romanized: Q...
In the Kipchak steppe, a complex ethnic assimilation and consolidation process took place between the 11th and 13th centuries. The western Kipchak tribes absorbed people of Oghuz, Pecheneg, ancient Bashkir, Bulgar and other origin; the eastern Kipchak merged with the Kimek, Karluk, Kara-Khitai and others. They were all identified by the ethnonym Kipchak. Early Chinese histories do not mention special information about the Kipchak tribes; however, the Yuanshi mentioned that Yuan general Tutuha originated from the Kipchak tribe Ölberli and, according to Xu Qianxue's 17th-century later edition of Sima Guang's Zizhi Tongjian, Kipchaks possesed "blue [or green] eyes and red hair" (ms. "青目赤髪"); The historian Bretschneider suggested that the Chinese here confused the Kipchaks with the newly arrived Russians. Similarly, Russian anthropologist Oshanin (1964: 24, 32) notes that "the ‘Mongoloid’ phenotype, characteristic of m...
The Kipchaks were first unambiguously mentioned in Persian geographer ibn Khordadbeh's Book of Roads and Kingdoms as a northernly Turkic tribe, after Toquz Oghuz, Karluks, Kimeks, Oghuz, J.f.r (either corrupted from Jikil or representing Majfar for Majğar), Pechenegs, Türgesh, Aðkiš, and before Yenisei Kirghiz. Kipchaks possibly appeared in the 8th-century Moyun Chur inscription as Türk-Qïbchaq, mentioned as having been part of the Turkic Khaganate for fifty years; even so, this attestation is uncertain as damages on the inscription leave only -čq (𐰲𐰴) (*-čaq or čiq) readable. It is unclear if the Kipchaks could be identified with, according to Klyashtorny, the [Al]tï Sir in the Orkhon inscriptions (薛延陀; pinyin: Xuè-Yántuó), or with the Juéyuèshī (厥越失) in Chinese sources; however, Zuev (2002) identified 厥越失 Juéyuèshī (< MC *kiwat-jiwat-siet) with toponym Kürüshi in the Ezhim river valley (Ch. Ayan < MCh. 阿豔 *a-iam < OTrk....
The Kipchak–Cuman confederation spoke a Turkic language.Mongolian ethno-linguistic elements in the Kipchak–Kimek remain unproven. Kipchaks and Cumans spoke a Turkic language (Kipchak language, Cuman language) whose most important surviving record is the Codex Cumanicus, a late 13th-century dictionary of words in Kipchak, Cuman, and Latin. The presence in Egypt of Turkic-speaking Mamluksalso stimulated the compilation of Kipchak/Cuman-Arabic dictionaries and grammars that are important in the study of several old Turkic languages. When members of the Armenian diaspora moved from the Crimean peninsula to the Polish-Ukrainian borderland, at the end of the 13th century, they brought Kipchak, their adopted Turkic language, with them. During the 16th and the 17th centuries, the Turkic language among the Armenian communities of the Kipchak people was Armeno-Kipchak. They were settled in the Lviv and Kamianets-Podilskyi...
The Kipchaks practiced Shamanism. Muslim conversion occurred near Islamic centres.Some Kipchaks and Cumans were known to have converted to Christianity around the 11th century, at the suggestion of the Georgians, as they allied in their conflicts against the Muslims. A great number were baptized at the request of Georgian King David IV, who also married a daughter of Kipchak Khan Otrok. From 1120, there was a Kipchak national Christian church and an important clergy. Following the Mongol conquest, Islamrose in popularity among the Kipchaks of the Golden Horde.
The confederation or tribal union which Kipchaks entered in the 8th- or beginning of 9th century as one of seven original tribes is known in historiography as that of the Kimek (or Kimäk). Turkic inscriptions do not mention the state with that name. 10th-century Hudud al-'Alam mentions the "country of Kīmāk", ruled by a khagan (king) who has eleven lieutenants that hold hereditary fiefs. Furthermore, Andar Az Khifchāq is mentioned as a country (nāḥiyat) of the Kī...
A genetic study published in Nature in May 2018 examined the remains of two Kipchak males buried between ca. 1000 AD and 1200 AD. One male was found to the a carrier of the paternal haplogroup C and the maternal haplogroup F1b1b, and displayed "increased East Asian ancestry". The other male was found to be a carrier of the maternal haplogroup D4and displayed "pronounced European ancestry".
Kipchak peoples and languages
The modern Northwestern branch of the Turkic languages is often referred to as the Kipchak branch. The languages in this branch are mostly considered to be descendants of the Kipchak language, and the people who speak them may likewise be referred to as Kipchak peoples. Some of the groups traditionally included are the Karachays, Siberian Tatars, Nogays, Bashkirs, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, Volga Tatars, and Crimean Tatars. There is also a village named Kipchak in Crimea. Qyps...Agajanov, S. G. (1992). "The States of the Oghuz, the Kimek and the Kipchak". History of Civilizations of Central Asia, Volume IV: The Age of Achievement AD 750 to the End of the Fifteenth Century....Damgaard, P. B.; et al. (May 9, 2018). "137 ancient human genomes from across the Eurasian steppes". Nature. Nature Research. 557 (7705): 369–373. Bibcode:2018Natur.557..369D. doi:10.1038/s41586-01...Ergin, Muharrem (1980). Orhun Abideleri(in Turkish). İstanbul: Boğaziçi Yayınları.Golden, Peter B. (1990). "The peoples of the south Russian steppes". In Sinor, Denis (ed.). The Cambridge History of Early Inner Asia. Cambridge University Press. pp. 256–284. ISBN 978-0-521-24304-9.
This is a complete list of Khans of the White Horde, Blue Horde, Golden Horde and of the Great Horde. Khans of the Blue Horde are listed as the main constituent part of the Golden Horde, although many late rulers of the Golden Horde were descended from the White Horde.
Sighnaq was an ancient city in Central Asia (in modern Kazakhstan, Kyzylorda Region), it was the capital of the Blue Horde (i.e., the White Horde of Persian sources), although the city is almost unknown.
March – The peace treaty between England and France is extended until April of 1377.April 28 - The start of Good Parliamentin England, so called because its members attempted to reform the corrupt Royal Council.June 7 – The dying Prince Edward summons his father Edward III and brother John of Gaunt and makes them swear to uphold the claim to the throne of his son Richard.June 8 – Edwarddies, becoming the first English Prince of Wales to not rule as king.
- Arts and Literature
- People of The Year 1376 at Familypedia
December 25 – Geoffrey Chaucergoes abroad on secret state business in the company of Sir John Burley.November 9 - Edmund Mortimer, English rebel (died 1409)Gihwa, Scholar in Korean BuddhismJanuary 24 - Richard FitzAlan, English military leaderJune 8 - Edward, son of King Edward III of England (born 1330)Simon Langham, Archbishop of Canterbury
13 people were born in 1376 9 children were born to the 7 women born in 1376 12 people died in 1376 871 people lived in 1376
Other English transliteration include Kypchaks and Qipchaks. The Russian "Polovtsy" (Russian: Половецкие пляски, tr. Polovetskie plyaski) was the name given to the Kipchaks and Cumans by the Rus' people - hence the Polovtsian Dances at the end of act 2 of Alexander Borodin's opera Prince Igor.
1. March – The peace treaty between England and France is extended until April of 1377. 2. March 31 – Pope Gregory XIexcommunicates all members of the government of Florence and places the city under an interdict. 3. April 28 – The start of Good Parliamentin England, so called because its members attempted to reform the corrupt Royal Council. 4. May 3 – Olav IV Haakonsson is elected King Oluf II of Denmark, following the death of his grandfather, Valdemar IV, in 1375. 5. June 7 – The dying Pr...
1. Catherine of Siena visits Pope Gregory XI in Avignon to attempt to persuade him to make peace with Florence and move the Papacy back to Rome. 2. The city of Sredets in Bulgaria is renamed Sofia after the Church of St Sophia 3. Khan Qamar al-din of Mongolistan unsuccessfully invades Timur’s eastern province of Farghana. 4. Timur leads his army against troops of the White Hordewhich have arrived at Sighnaq. However, winter sets in, preventing an immediate battle. 5. Dmitri Donskoi of Moscow...November 9 – Edmund Mortimer, English rebel (d. c. 1409)January 24 – Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel, English military leaderJune 8 – Edward, the Black Prince, son of King Edward III of England (b. 1330)July 22 – Simon Langham, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1310)September 1 – Philip of Valois, Duke of Orléans (b. 1336)
- related to: sighnaq wikipedia english