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  1. 1376 - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › 1376
    • Events
    • Arts and Literature
    • Births
    • Deaths
    March – The peace treaty between England and France is extended until April of 1377.
    April 28 – The start of Good Parliamentin England, so called because its members attempted to reform the corrupt Royal Council.
    June 7 – The dying Prince Edward summons his father Edward III and brother John of Gaunt and makes them swear to uphold the claim to the throne of his son Richard.
    June 8 – Edward, the Black Princedies, becoming the first English Prince of Wales to not rule as king.

    December 25 – Geoffrey Chaucergoes abroad on secret state business in the company of Sir John Burley.

    November 9 – Edmund Mortimer, English rebel (died 1409)
    Gihwa, Scholar in Korean Buddhism
    January 24 – Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel, English military leader
    June 8 – Edward, the Black Prince, son of King Edward III of England (born 1330)
    Simon Langham, Archbishop of Canterbury
  2. Kipchaks - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Dasht-i_Qipchaq

    Other English transliteration include Kypchaks and Qipchaks. The Russian "Polovtsy" ( Russian : Половецкие пляски , tr. Polovetskie plyaski ) was the name given to the Kipchaks and Cumans by the Rus' people - hence the Polovtsian Dances at the end of act 2 of Alexander Borodin 's opera Prince Igor .

  3. Golden Horde - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Golden_Orde

    The name Golden Horde, a partial calque of Russian Золотая Орда (Zolotája Ordá), itself supposedly a partial calque of Turkic Altan Orda, is said to have been inspired by the golden color of the tents the Mongols lived in during wartime, or an actual golden tent used by Batu Khan or by Uzbek Khan, or to have been bestowed by the Slavic tributaries to describe the great wealth of ...

  4. Kipchaks — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2

    wiki2.org › en › Kipchaks
    • Terminology
    • Anthropology
    • History
    • Language
    • Religion
    • Confederations
    • Genetics
    • Legacy
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    The Kipchaks in­ter­preted their name as mean­ing "hol­low tree" (Mid­dle Tur­kic: kuv ağaç); ac­cord­ing to them, in­side a hol­low tree, their orig­i­nal human an­ces­tress gave birth to her son. Németh points to the Siber­ian qıpčaq "angry, quick-tem­pered" at­tested only in the Siber­ian Sağay di­alect (a di­alect of Khakas lan­guage) . Klyash­torny links Kipchak to qovı, qovuq "un­for­tu­nate, un­lucky"; yet Golden sees a bet­ter match in qıv "good for­tune" and ad­jec­ti­val suf­fix -čāq. Re­gard­less, Golden notes that the eth­nonym's orig­i­nal form and et­y­mol­ogy "re­main a mat­ter of con­tention and speculation". Their name ap­pears oc­ca­sion­ally translit­er­ated in other lan­guages, such as Ara­bic: قفجاق‎, ro­man­ized: Qifjāq; Per­sian: قبچاق‎, ro­man­ized: Qabčāq/Qabcâq; Geor­gian: ყივჩაღები, ro­man­ized: Qivçaghebi; Turk­ish: Kıp­çak; Crimean Tatar: Kıpçaq, Karachay-Balkar: Къыпчакъ, ro­man­ized: Qıpçaq; Uzbek: Qipchoq, Қипчоқ/قىپچاق; Uighur: قىپچاق, ro­man­ized: Q...

    In the Kipchak steppe, a com­plex eth­nic as­sim­i­la­tion and con­sol­i­da­tion process took place be­tween the 11th and 13th centuries. The west­ern Kipchak tribes ab­sorbed peo­ple of Oghuz, Pech­eneg, an­cient Bashkir, Bul­gar and other ori­gin; the east­ern Kipchak merged with the Kimek, Kar­luk, Kara-Khi­tai and oth­ers. They were all iden­ti­fied by the eth­nonym Kipchak. Early Chi­nese his­to­ries do not men­tion spe­cial in­for­ma­tion about the Kipchak tribes; how­ever, the Yuan­shi men­tioned that Yuan gen­eral Tu­tuha orig­i­nated from the Kipchak tribe Ölberli and, ac­cord­ing to Xu Qianxue's 17th-cen­tury later edi­tion of Sima Guang's Zizhi Tongjian, Kipchaks pos­s­esed "blue [or green] eyes and red hair" (ms. "青目赤髪"); The his­to­rian Bretschnei­der sug­gested that the Chi­nese here con­fused the Kipchaks with the newly ar­rived Rus­sians. Sim­i­larly, Russ­ian an­thro­pol­o­gist Os­hanin (1964: 24, 32) notes that "the ‘Mon­goloid’ phe­no­type, char­ac­ter­is­tic of m...

    The Kipchaks were first un­am­bigu­ously men­tioned in Per­sian ge­o­g­ra­pher ibn Khor­dad­beh's Book of Roads and King­doms as a north­ernly Tur­kic tribe, after Toquz Oghuz, Kar­luks, Kimeks, Oghuz, J.f.r (ei­ther cor­rupted from Jikil or rep­re­sent­ing Ma­j­far for Majğar), Pech­enegs, Türgesh, Aðkiš, and be­fore Yeni­sei Kirghiz. Kipchaks pos­si­bly ap­peared in the 8th-cen­tury Moyun Chur in­scrip­tion as Türk-Qïbchaq, men­tioned as hav­ing been part of the Tur­kic Kha­ganate for fifty years; even so, this at­tes­ta­tion is un­cer­tain as dam­ages on the in­scrip­tion leave only -čq (𐰲𐰴) (*-čaq or čiq) readable. It is un­clear if the Kipchaks could be iden­ti­fied with, ac­cord­ing to Klyash­torny, the [Al]tï Sir in the Ork­hon in­scrip­tions (薛延陀; pinyin: Xuè-Yántuó), or with the Juéyuèshī (厥越失) in Chi­nese sources; how­ever, Zuev (2002) iden­ti­fied 厥越失 Juéyuèshī (< MC *ki­wat-ji­wat-siet) with to­ponym Kürüshi in the Ezhim river val­ley (Ch. Ayan < MCh. 阿豔 *a-iam < OTrk....

    The Kipchak–Cuman con­fed­er­a­tion spoke a Tur­kic lan­guage.Mon­go­lian ethno-lin­guis­tic el­e­ments in the Kipchak–Kimek re­main unproven. Kipchaks and Cumans spoke a Tur­kic lan­guage (Kipchak lan­guage, Cuman lan­guage) whose most im­por­tant sur­viv­ing record is the Codex Cuman­i­cus, a late 13th-cen­tury dic­tio­nary of words in Kipchak, Cuman, and Latin. The pres­ence in Egypt of Tur­kic-speak­ing Mam­luksalso stim­u­lated the com­pi­la­tion of Kipchak/Cuman-Ara­bic dic­tio­nar­ies and gram­mars that are im­por­tant in the study of sev­eral old Tur­kic lan­guages. When mem­bers of the Ar­men­ian di­as­pora moved from the Crimean penin­sula to the Pol­ish-Ukrain­ian bor­der­land, at the end of the 13th cen­tury, they brought Kipchak, their adopted Tur­kic lan­guage, with them. Dur­ing the 16th and the 17th cen­turies, the Tur­kic lan­guage among the Ar­men­ian com­mu­ni­ties of the Kipchak peo­ple was Ar­meno-Kipchak. They were set­tled in the Lviv and Kami­anets-Podil­skyi...

    The Kipchaks prac­ticed Shaman­ism. Mus­lim con­ver­sion oc­curred near Is­lamic centres.Some Kipchaks and Cumans were known to have con­verted to Chris­tian­ity around the 11th cen­tury, at the sug­ges­tion of the Geor­gians, as they al­lied in their con­flicts against the Mus­lims. A great num­ber were bap­tized at the re­quest of Geor­gian King David IV, who also mar­ried a daugh­ter of Kipchak Khan Otrok. From 1120, there was a Kipchak na­tional Chris­t­ian church and an im­por­tant clergy. Fol­low­ing the Mon­gol con­quest, Islamrose in pop­u­lar­ity among the Kipchaks of the Golden Horde.

    Kimek

    The con­fed­er­a­tion or tribal union which Kipchaks en­tered in the 8th- or be­gin­ning of 9th cen­tury as one of seven orig­i­nal tribes is known in his­to­ri­og­ra­phy as that of the Kimek (or Kimäk). Tur­kic in­scrip­tions do not men­tion the state with that name. 10th-cen­tury Hudud al-'Alam men­tions the "coun­try of Kīmāk", ruled by a kha­gan (king) who has eleven lieu­tenants that hold hered­i­tary fiefs. Fur­ther­more, Andar Az Khifchāq is men­tioned as a coun­try (nāḥiyat) of the Kī...

    A ge­netic study pub­lished in Na­ture in May 2018 ex­am­ined the re­mains of two Kipchak males buried be­tween ca. 1000 AD and 1200 AD. One male was found to the a car­rier of the pa­ter­nal hap­logroup C and the ma­ter­nal hap­logroup F1b1b, and dis­played "in­creased East Asian ancestry". The other male was found to be a car­rier of the ma­ter­nal hap­logroup D4and dis­played "pro­nounced Eu­ro­pean ancestry".

    Kipchak peoples and languages

    The mod­ern North­west­ern branch of the Tur­kic lan­guages is often re­ferred to as the Kipchak branch. The lan­guages in this branch are mostly con­sid­ered to be de­scen­dants of the Kipchak lan­guage, and the peo­ple who speak them may like­wise be re­ferred to as Kipchak peo­ples. Some of the groups tra­di­tion­ally in­cluded are the Karachays, Siber­ian Tatars, No­gays, Bashkirs, Kaza­khs, Kyr­gyz, Volga Tatars, and Crimean Tatars. There is also a vil­lage named Kipchak in Crimea. Qyp­s...

    Agajanov, S. G. (1992). "The States of the Oghuz, the Kimek and the Kipchak". History of Civilizations of Central Asia, Volume IV: The Age of Achievement AD 750 to the End of the Fifteenth Century....
    Damgaard, P. B.; et al. (May 9, 2018). "137 ancient human genomes from across the Eurasian steppes". Nature. Nature Research. 557 (7705): 369–373. Bibcode:2018Natur.557..369D. doi:10.1038/s41586-01...
    Ergin, Muharrem (1980). Orhun Abideleri(in Turkish). İstanbul: Boğaziçi Yayınları.
    Golden, Peter B. (1990). "The peoples of the south Russian steppes". In Sinor, Denis (ed.). The Cambridge History of Early Inner Asia. Cambridge University Press. pp. 256–284. ISBN 978-0-521-24304-9.
  5. 1376 | Familypedia | Fandom

    familypedia.wikia.org › wiki › 1376
    • Events
    • Arts and Literature
    • Births
    • Deaths
    • People of The Year 1376 at Familypedia
    March – The peace treaty between England and France is extended until April of 1377.
    April 28 - The start of Good Parliamentin England, so called because its members attempted to reform the corrupt Royal Council.
    June 7 – The dying Prince Edward summons his father Edward III and brother John of Gaunt and makes them swear to uphold the claim to the throne of his son Richard.
    June 8 – Edwarddies, becoming the first English Prince of Wales to not rule as king.

    December 25 – Geoffrey Chaucergoes abroad on secret state business in the company of Sir John Burley.

    November 9 - Edmund Mortimer, English rebel (died 1409)
    Gihwa, Scholar in Korean Buddhism
    January 24 - Richard FitzAlan, English military leader
    June 8 - Edward, son of King Edward III of England (born 1330)
    Simon Langham, Archbishop of Canterbury

    13 people were born in 1376 9 children were born to the 7 women born in 1376 12 people died in 1376 871 people lived in 1376

  6. Kipchaks - Wikipedia for FEVERv2

    mediawiki.feverous.co.uk › index › Kipchaks

    Other English transliteration include Kypchaks and Qipchaks. The Russian "Polovtsy" (Russian: Половецкие пляски, tr. Polovetskie plyaski) was the name given to the Kipchaks and Cumans by the Rus' people - hence the Polovtsian Dances at the end of act 2 of Alexander Borodin's opera Prince Igor.

  7. How did they form secret societies in the Middle Ages in ...

    www.quora.com › How-did-they-form-secret-societies

    in the middle ages their was no Russia, but some duchies paying tribute to or being vassals of https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_Horde By O.Mustafin - Own work ...

  8. 1376 : definition of 1376 and synonyms of 1376 (English)

    dictionary.sensagent.com › 1376 › en-en
    • Events
    • Births
    • Deaths

    January–December

    1. March – The peace treaty between England and France is extended until April of 1377. 2. March 31 – Pope Gregory XIexcommunicates all members of the government of Florence and places the city under an interdict. 3. April 28 – The start of Good Parliamentin England, so called because its members attempted to reform the corrupt Royal Council. 4. May 3 – Olav IV Haakonsson is elected King Oluf II of Denmark, following the death of his grandfather, Valdemar IV, in 1375. 5. June 7 – The dying Pr...

    Date unknown

    1. Catherine of Siena visits Pope Gregory XI in Avignon to attempt to persuade him to make peace with Florence and move the Papacy back to Rome. 2. The city of Sredets in Bulgaria is renamed Sofia after the Church of St Sophia 3. Khan Qamar al-din of Mongolistan unsuccessfully invades Timur’s eastern province of Farghana. 4. Timur leads his army against troops of the White Hordewhich have arrived at Sighnaq. However, winter sets in, preventing an immediate battle. 5. Dmitri Donskoi of Moscow...

    January 24 – Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel, English military leader
    June 8 – Edward, the Black Prince, son of King Edward III of England (b. 1330)
    July 22 – Simon Langham, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1310)
    September 1 – Philip of Valois, Duke of Orléans (b. 1336)
  9. Kipchaks - Unionpedia, the concept map

    en.unionpedia.org › Kipchaks

    The Kipchaks were a Turkic nomadic people and confederation that existed in the Middle Ages, inhabiting parts of the Eurasian Steppe. 65 relations.

  10. Barak Khan - Unionpedia, the concept map

    en.unionpedia.org › Barak_Khan

    Barak Khan and Sighnaq · See more » Timurid dynasty The Timurid dynasty (تیموریان), self-designated as Gurkani (گورکانیان, Gūrkāniyān), was a Sunni Muslim dynasty or clan of Turco-Mongol lineageB.F. Manz, "Tīmūr Lang", in Encyclopaedia of Islam, Online Edition, 2006Encyclopædia Britannica, "", Online Academic Edition, 2007.

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