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  1. Timur leads his army against troops of the White Horde which have arrived at Sighnaq. However, winter sets in, preventing an immediate battle. Dmitri Donskoi of Moscow raids Mongol ruled Volga Bulgaria (now in Russia). Acamapichtli is elected Tlatoani of the Aztec empire after the death of Tenoch, the first Aztec ruler.

  2. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Dasht-i_QipchaqKipchaks - Wikipedia

    Other English transliteration include Kypchaks and Qipchaks. The Russian "Polovtsy" ( Russian : Половецкие пляски , tr. Polovetskie plyaski ) was the name given to the Kipchaks and Cumans by the Rus' people - hence the Polovtsian Dances at the end of act 2 of Alexander Borodin 's opera Prince Igor .

  3. Kazakh Khanate. former Islamic monarchy in Central Asia, a successor to the Golden Horde ... English Wikipedia. native label. Қазақ ... Sighnaq. 1 reference ...

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    The Kipchaks de­scribed their name as mean­ing 'hol­low tree'; ac­cord­ing to them, in­side a hol­low tree, their orig­i­nal human an­ces­tress gave birth to her son. Németh points to the Siber­ian qıpčaq "angry, quick-tem­pered" at­tested only in the Siber­ian Sağay di­alect. Klyash­torny links Kipchak to qovı, qovuq "un­for­tu­nate, un­lucky"; yet Golden sees a bet­ter match in qıv "good for­tune" and ad­jec­ti­val suf­fix -čāq. Re­gard­less, Golden notes that the eth­nonym's orig­i­nal form and et­y­mol­ogy "re­main a mat­ter of con­tention and speculation" Their name ap­pears oc­ca­sion­ally translit­er­ated in other lan­guages, such as Ara­bic: قفجاق‎, ro­man­ized: Qifjāq; Per­sian: قبچاق‎, ro­man­ized: Qabčāq/Qabcâq; Geor­gian: ყივჩაყები; Turk­ish: Kıp­çak; Crimean Tatar: Kıpçaq, Karachay-Balkar: Къыпчакъ, ro­man­ized: Qıpçaq; Uzbek: Qipchoq, Қипчоқ/قىپچاق; Uighur: قىپچاق, ro­man­ized: Qipchaq/Қипчақ; Kazakh: Қыпшақ, ro­man­ized: Qypşaq; Kumyk: Къыпчакъ, ro­man­ized: Qıpçaq; K...

    In the Kipchak steppe, a com­plex eth­nic as­sim­i­la­tion and con­sol­i­da­tion process took place be­tween the 11th and 13th centuries. The west­ern Kipchak tribes ab­sorbed peo­ple of Oghuz, Pech­eneg, an­cient Bashkir, Bul­gar and other ori­gin; the east­ern Kipchak merged with the Oghuz-Kimek, Kar­luk, Kara-Khi­tai and oth­ers. They were all iden­ti­fied by the eth­nonym Kipchak. Ac­cord­ing to Ukrain­ian an­thro­pol­o­gists, Kipchaks had racial char­ac­ter­is­tics of Cau­casians and Mon­goloids, namely a broad flat face and pro­trud­ing nose. Re­searcher E. P. Alek­seeva drew at­ten­tion to the fact that Eu­ro­pean Kipchak stone im­ages have both Mon­goloid and Cau­ca­soid faces. How­ever, in her opin­ion, most Kipchaks, who set­tled in Geor­gia in the first half of the 12th cen­tury, were pre­dom­i­nantly Cau­ca­soid with some ad­mix­ture of Mon­goloid traits. They were al­ready joined by Cumans. In the course of the Tur­kic ex­pan­sion they mi­grated into Siberia and fur­the...

    The Kipchaks ap­pear in the 8th-cen­tury Moyun Chur in­scrip­tion as Türk-Qïbchaq, men­tioned as hav­ing been part of the Tur­kic Kha­ganate for fifty years. It is un­clear if the Kipchaks could be iden­ti­fied as the Chueh-Yueh Shih (厥越失; pinyin: juéyuèshī) in Chi­nese sources or, ac­cord­ing to Klyash­torny, the Syr in the Ork­hon in­scrip­tions (薛延陀; pinyin: Xuè-Yántuó in Chi­nese sources).The re­la­tion­ship be­tween the Kipchaks and Cumans is unclear. While part of the Tur­kic Kha­ganate, they most likely in­hab­ited the Altai region. When the Kha­ganate col­lapsed, they be­came part of the Kimek con­fed­er­a­tion, with which they ex­panded to the Ir­tysh, Ishim and Tobol rivers. They then ap­peared in Is­lamic sources. In the 9th cen­tury Ibn Khor­dad­beh in­di­cated that they held au­ton­omy within the Kimek confederation. They en­tered the Kimek in the 8th- or be­gin­ning of 9th cen­tury, and were one of seven orig­i­nal tribes. In the 10th-cen­tury Hudud al-'Alam it is said...

    The Kipchak–Cuman con­fed­er­a­tion spoke a Tur­kic lan­guage.Mon­go­lian ethno-lin­guis­tic el­e­ments in the Kipchak–Kimek re­main unproven. Kipchaks and Cumans spoke a Tur­kic lan­guage (Kipchak lan­guage, Cuman lan­guage) whose most im­por­tant sur­viv­ing record is the Codex Cuman­i­cus, a late 13th-cen­tury dic­tio­nary of words in Kipchak, Cuman, and Latin. The pres­ence in Egypt of Tur­kic-speak­ing Mam­luksalso stim­u­lated the com­pi­la­tion of Kipchak/Cuman-Ara­bic dic­tio­nar­ies and gram­mars that are im­por­tant in the study of sev­eral old Tur­kic lan­guages. When mem­bers of the Ar­men­ian di­as­pora moved from the Crimean penin­sula to the Pol­ish-Ukrain­ian bor­der­land, at the end of the 13th cen­tury, they brought Kipchak, their adopted Tur­kic lan­guage, with them. Dur­ing the 16th and the 17th cen­turies, the Tur­kic lan­guage among the Ar­men­ian com­mu­ni­ties of the Kipchak peo­ple was Ar­meno-Kipchak. They were set­tled in the Lviv and Kami­anets-Podil­skyi...

    The Kipchaks prac­ticed Shaman­ism. Mus­lim con­ver­sion oc­curred near Is­lamic centres.Some Kipchaks and Cumans were known to have con­verted to Chris­tian­ity around the 11th cen­tury, at the sug­ges­tion of the Geor­gians, as they al­lied in their con­flicts against the Mus­lims. A great num­ber were bap­tized at the re­quest of Geor­gian King David IV, who also mar­ried a daugh­ter of Kipchak Khan Otrok. From 1120, there was a Kipchak na­tional Chris­t­ian church and an im­por­tant clergy. Fol­low­ing the Mon­gol con­quest, Islamrose in pop­u­lar­ity among the Kipchaks of the Golden Horde.

    Kimek

    The con­fed­er­a­tion or tribal union which Kipchaks en­tered in the 8th- or be­gin­ning of 9th cen­tury as one of seven orig­i­nal tribes is known in his­to­ri­og­ra­phy as that of the Kimek (or Kimäk). Tur­kic in­scrip­tions do not men­tion the state with that name. 10th-cen­tury Hudud al-'Alam men­tions the "coun­try of Kīmāk", ruled by a kha­gan (king) who has eleven lieu­tenants that hold hered­i­tary fiefs. Fur­ther­more, Andar Az Khifchāq is men­tioned as a coun­try (nāḥiyat) of the Kī...

    Kipchak peoples and languages

    The mod­ern North­west­ern branch of the Tur­kic lan­guage is often re­ferred to as the Kipchak branch. The lan­guages in this branch are mostly con­sid­ered to be de­scen­dants of the Kipchak lan­guage, and the peo­ple who speak them may like­wise be re­ferred to as Kipchak peo­ples. Some of the groups tra­di­tion­ally in­cluded are the Karachays, Siber­ian Tatars, No­gays, Bashkirs, Kaza­khs, Kyr­gyz, Volga Tatars, and Crimean Tatars. There is also a vil­lage named Kipchak in Crimea. Kyp­sh...

    Agajanov, S. G. (1992). "The States of the Oghuz, the Kimek and the Kipchak". History of Civilizations of Central Asia, Volume IV: The Age of Achievement AD 750 to the End of the Fifteenth Century....
    Golden, Peter B. (1990). "The peoples of the south Russian steppes". In Sinor, Denis (ed.). The Cambridge History of Early Inner Asia. Cambridge University Press. pp. 256–284. ISBN 978-0-521-24304-...
    Golden, Peter B. (1992). An Introduction to the History of the Turkic People. Otto Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden.
    Grousset, René (1970). The Empire of the Steppes: A History of Central Asia. Rutgers University Press. ISBN 978-0-8135-1304-1.
    Boswell, A. Bruce. "The Kipchak Turks." The Slavonic Review 6.16 (1927): 68-85.
    Győrfi, Dávid. "Khwarezmian: Mapping the Kipchak component of Pre-Chagatai Turkic." Acta Orientalia 67.4 (2014): 383-406.
    Shanijazov, K. "Early Elements in the Ethnogenesis of the Uzbeks." The Nomadic Alternative: Modes and Models of Interaction in the African-Asian Deserts and Steppes (1978): 147.
    Ushntskiy, Vasiliy V. "KIPCHAK COMPONENT IN THE SAKHA ETHNOGENESIS." VESTNIK TOMSKOGO GOSUDARSTVENNOGO UNIVERSITETA-ISTORIYA 3 (2015): 97-101.
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    • People of The Year 1376 at Familypedia
    March – The peace treaty between England and France is extended until April of 1377.
    April 28 - The start of Good Parliamentin England, so called because its members attempted to reform the corrupt Royal Council.
    June 7 – The dying Prince Edward summons his father Edward III and brother John of Gaunt and makes them swear to uphold the claim to the throne of his son Richard.
    June 8 – Edwarddies, becoming the first English Prince of Wales to not rule as king.

    December 25 – Geoffrey Chaucergoes abroad on secret state business in the company of Sir John Burley.

    November 9 - Edmund Mortimer, English rebel (died 1409)
    Gihwa, Scholar in Korean Buddhism
    January 24 - Richard FitzAlan, English military leader
    June 8 - Edward, son of King Edward III of England (born 1330)
    Simon Langham, Archbishop of Canterbury

    13 people were born in 1376 9 children were born to the 7 women born in 1376 12 people died in 1376 871 people lived in 1376

  4. Timur leads his army against troops of the White Horde which have arrived at Sighnaq. However, winter sets in, preventing an immediate battle. Dmitri Donskoi of Moscow raids Mongol ruled Volga Bulgaria (now in Russia). Acamapichtli is elected Tlatoani of the Aztec empire after the death of Tenoch, the first Aztec ruler.

  5. in the middle ages their was no Russia, but some duchies paying tribute to or being vassals of https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_Horde By O.Mustafin - Own work ...

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