Sinhala, also known as Sinhalese, is an Indo-Aryan language primarily spoken by the Sinhalese people of Sri Lanka, who make up the largest ethnic group on the island, numbering about 16 million. Sinhala is also spoken as the first language by other ethnic groups in Sri Lanka, totalling about 4 million people as of 2001. Sinhala is written using the Sinhala script, which is one of the Brahmic scripts, a descendant of the ancient Indian Brahmi script closely related to the Kadamba script. Sinhala
Sinhalese language, also spelled Singhalese or Cingalese, also called Sinhala, Indo-Aryan language, one of the two official languages of Sri Lanka. It was taken there by colonists from northern India about the 5th century bc. Because of its isolation from the other Indo-Aryan tongues of mainland India, Sinhalese developed along independent lines. It was influenced by Pāli, the sacred language of the Sri Lankan Buddhists, and to a lesser degree by Sanskrit.
Sinhala or Sinhalese, earlier referred to as Singhalese, is the language of the Sinhalese. They are largest ethnic group of Sri Lanka. It belongs to the Indo-Aryan language family . Sinhala has two varieties/forms - Spoken and Written, the former being the most popular form.
- Sinhala Alphabet
- Notable Features
- Sample Text in Sinhala
- Indo-Aryan Languages
- Syllabic Alphabets / Abugidas
The Sinhala alphabet, a descendent of the Brahmiscript, started to appear in Prakrit inscriptions during the 3rd and 2nd centuries BC. Both the alphabet and the language have changed considerably since then. The earliest surviving literature in Sinhala dates from the 9th century AD. The Sinhala alphabet is also used to write Pali and Sanskrit in Sri Lanka.Type of writing system: syllabic alphabet.Direction of writing: left to right in horizontal lines.When they appear the the beginning of a syllable, vowels are written as independent letters.Prenasalized consonants, such as mb, nd, ṇd and ng, are formed by special conjunct symbols that combine the stop and the homorganic nasal.
Siyalu manuṣyayō nidahasva upata labā æta. Garutvayen hā ayitivāsikam samāna veti. Yukti ayukti piḷiban̆da hæn̆gīmen hā hṛda sākṣiyen yut ovun, ovunovunṭa sæḷakiya yuttē sahōdaratvaya piḷiban̆da hæn̆gīmeni. Hear a recording of this text by Ajit Alles (අජිත් අලස්)
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. (Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights) Information about Sinhala | Phrases | Numbers | Tower of Babel | Learning materials
Information about the Sinhala alphabet and language http://www.sinhalapage.com http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sinhala_language http://tlt.its.psu.edu/suggestions/international/bylanguage/sinhalachart.html http://www.sinhala-online.com Sinhala lessons and courses http://mylanguages.org/learn_sinhala.php http://fsi-https://www.livelingua.com/project/fsi/Sinhala/ http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=rTFAAAAAYAAJ&redir_esc=y Sinhala phrases http://www.learningplace.com.au/deliver/content.asp?pid=31976 http://www.sinhala-online.com/sinhalese-conversation.html?unicode=yes http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/resources/language/sinhala-phrases.html http://www.languageshome.com/English-Sinhalese.htm http://www.the-backpacking-site.com/countries/sri_lanka-phrase.html Sinhala and Tamil word and letter puzzles http://panther.lk/toys/toys.asp?ToysCat=5 The South Asian Literary Recordings Project - Sinhalese authors reading extracts from their work: http://www.loc.gov/acq/ovop/delhi/salrp/sinhalese.html...
Awadhi, Assamese, Bengali, Bhojpuri, Chakma, Dhivehi, Domari, Fiji Hindi, Garhwali, Gujarati, Hajong, Hindi, Kashmiri, Konkani, Kotia, Kutchi, Magahi, Maithili, Marathi, Marwari, Modi, Nepali, Odia, Palula, Punjabi, Rajasthani, Rohingya, Romani, Saraiki, Sarnámi Hindustani, Sindhi, Sinhala, Shina, Sourashtra, Sugali, Sylheti, Torwali, Urdu
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Sinhala (sometimes referred to as Sinhalese) is one of the two local languages in the island country of Sri Lanka (population approx. 19 million). It is used widely in the Sri Lankan diaspora, as is Tamil, the second local language of the country.
- Sound System
A notable characteristic of Sinhala that distinguishes it from other Indo-Aryan languages, is the presence of prenasalized stops and lack of aspirated consonant series. The phonemeinventory of Sinhala consists of seven vowels and twenty-four consonants, depending on the analysis.
Sinhala uses postpositions, rather than prepositions, e.g., Englishunder the tree would be tree underin Sinhala.
Sinhala has numerous loanwords from neighboring Dravidian languages, especially Tamil. As a result of colonial rule, Sinhala also has many borrowings from Portuguese, Dutch, and English, e.g., faamsiy ‘pharmacy.’ Words can be formed by reduplication. Below are some common words and phrases in Sinhala. Below are the numerals 1-10 in Sinhala.
The Sinhala alphabet, a descendent of the Brahmi script, was developed in the 2nd-3rd centuries BCE, and has been in continuous use since then. Like the orthographies of other Indo-Aryan languages, the consonants imply the vowel [a]. Various diacritics surrounding the consonant indicate other vowels or the absence of a vowel. Letters are written from left to right in horizontal lines. The rounded appearance of the script is similar to that of Dravidian scripts. In addition, Sinhala orthography is distinguished by a number of features, including the following: (1) Vowels are written as independent letters at the beginning of syllables. (2) Special conjunct symbols are used for prenasalized consonants such as /b/. (3) There are extra letters for writing Sanskrit and Paliloanwords.
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Learn Sinhala for free with the Live Lingua Project. At Live Lingua we believe that everybody should be able to learn another language. This is why we have made available these Free Foreign Service Institute Sinhala resources for you to use. Read the Sinhala ebooks online, listen to the Sinhala audios and practice your Sinhala pronunciation with our online recorder or download the files to use whenever you want.
A collection of useful phrases in Sinhala, an Indo-Aryan language spoken mainly in Sri Lanka. There is no particular word for 'hello' in Sinhala and people often greet each other with a smile.