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Mohamed Farrah Hassan Aidid ( Somali: Maxamed Faarax Xasan Caydiid; Arabic: محمد فرح حسن عيديد ; 15 December 1934 – 1 August 1996) was a Somali politician. A former general and diplomat, he was the chairman of the United Somali Congress (USC) and later led the Somali National Alliance (SNA). Along with other armed opposition groups, he succeeded in overthrowing and exiling President Mohamed Siad Barre 's socialist and anti-communist regime from Somalia during the Somali ...
- Early Years
- United Somali Congress
- Presidency Declaration
Aidid was born in 1934 in Beledweyne, to a Habar Gidir Hawiye family. He was educated in Rome and Moscow and served in the Italian colonial police force in the 1950s. He later joined the Somali National Army.For advanced military training, Aidid studied at the Frunze Military Academy (Военная академия им. М. В. Фрунзе) in the former Soviet Union, an elite institution reserved for the most qualified officers of the Warsaw Pact armies and their allies.In 1969, a few days after the assassination...
After fallout from the unsuccessful Ogaden campaign of the late 1970s, the Barre administration began arresting government and military officials under suspicion of participation in the abortive 1978 coup d'état. Most of the people who had allegedly helped plot the putsch were summarily executed. However, several officials managed to escape abroad and started to form the first of various dissident groups dedicated to ousting Barre's regime by force.By the late 1980s, Barre's regime had become...
Aidid subsequently declared himself President of Somalia in June 1995. However, his declaration received no recognition, as his rival Ali Mahdi Muhammad had already been elected interim President at a conference in Djibouti and recognized as such by the international community.Consequently, Aidid's faction continued its quest for hegemony in the south. In September 1995, militia forces loyal to him attacked the city of Baidoa, killing 10 local residents and capturing at least 20 foreign aid w...
On July 24, 1996, Aidid and his men clashed with the forces of former allies Ali Mahdi Muhammad and Osman Ali Atto. Aidid suffered a gunshot wound in the ensuing battle. He later died from a heart attack on August 1, either during or after surgery to treat his injuries.
During the events leading up to the civil war, Aidid's wife Khadiga Gurhan sought asylum in Canada in 1989, moving the couple's four children with her. Local media shortly afterwards alleged that she had returned to Somalia for a five-month stay while still receiving welfare payments. Gurhan admitted in an interview to collecting welfare and having briefly traveled to Somalia in late 1991. However, it was later brought to light that she had been granted landed immigrant status in June 1991, t...
Jul 17, 2020 · The elder Mohamed Farrah Aidid continued his struggle for power, even declaring himself President of Somalia in 1995, a declaration no country recognized. He was shot in a battle against former allied warlords in July 1996 and died of a heart attack during surgery. Hussein was declared his father’s successor at age 33. The man who left the Marines as a corporal was suddenly a general.
- Blake Stilwell
Mohamed Farrah Aidid (15 December 1934-2 August 1996) was a Somali warlord and the leader of the United Somali Congress militia during the Somali Civil War. Aidid became the most powerful warlord in Somalia after the overthrow of Siad Barre 's regime in 1991, and he served as the self-declared President of Somalia from 1995 to 1996, when he was killed by another warlord.
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MOGADISHU, SOMALIA: Somali warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid(R) addresses a crowd of more than 1,000 supporters during a rally to protest the U.N. military strikes against Aidid's arsenals and the killings of Somali protesters. Aidid urged the crowd to continue peaceful protests until the military strikes stop.
The allies were enforcing a cease-fire in an increasingly unstable area -- aid agencies have been pulling foreign workers from Kismayu -- and had acted at the request of Gen. Mohamed Farrah Aidid,...
Hussein Mohamed Farrah Aidid is the son of General Mohamed Farrah Aidid. His father was leader of the Somali National Alliance, the organization that fought US forces in Mogadishu, through his death on August 2, 1996, after being shot in a tribal battle. Farrah succeeded his father as leader of the SNA, and two days after his father's death, the SNA declared Farrah as the new President, although he too was not internationally recognized as such. Farrah relinquished his claim as president in Dece
Oct 31, 2018 · The Battle Of Mogadishu is more than an underdog story. A small contingent of America’s various elite special forces was sent to collect two henchmen of the violent Somalian warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid — and the warlord himself if they could manage. The experience has been recorded in both a book and a blockbuster film, but the true story behind Black Hawk Down is almost more unbelievable than the Hollywood version.