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  1. › wiki › South_AsiaSouth Asia - Wikipedia

    South Asia covers about 5.2 million km 2 (2.0 million sq mi), which is 11.71% of the Asian continent or 3.5% of the world's land surface area. The population of South Asia is about 1.891 billion or about one-fourth of the world's population, making it both the most populous and the most densely populated geographical region in the world.

    • 5,134,641 km² (1,982,496 sq mi)
    • 1.94 billion (2020)
  2. South Asia is home to one of the world’s earliest known civilizations, the Indus civilization, and today is one of the most densely populated regions on the planet.Despite a history of ethnic, linguistic, and political fragmentation, the people of the subregion are unified by a common cultural and ethical outlook; a wealth of ancient textual literature in Sanskrit, Prākrit, and regional ...

    • India
    • Bangladesh
    • Bhutan
    • Maldives
    • Nepal
    • Pakistan
    • Sri Lanka
    • Afghanistan

    India is the second-most populous country in the world with 1.3B people, coming in second only to China. Despite falling birthrates in the country, India is expected to overtake China in population by 2028. India is largely English-speaking country, although there are 22 languages in total that are spoken there. India’s GDP in 2019 was $6,134. According to the UN, this falls within the range of expected GDP for developing economies. 80% of Indians are Hindu, however, all religions can be found in India. Religion is nearly universal here, with less than 2% of the population identifying as atheist.

    Now called Bangladesh, the country is a part of the historic region of Bengal, and sits on the Bay of Bengal. Approximately 1.6M people call Bangladesh home, with nearly 90% of those identifying as Muslim. Hinduism comes in a far second for religious practice in Bangladesh with under 10% of the population identifying as Hindu. World Bank projections for Bangladesh predict a sharp downturn in GDP growth from 2019-2021. The main areas of growth, employment, and GDP are services, industry, and agriculture.

    Bhutan is a country with a fascinating history and rich cultural roots. Ruled by a Buddhist monarchy, Bhutanevolved largely cut off from the world. The country is landlocked and remote, surrounded by India and Tibet. Bhutan’s modest economy is based on forestry, agriculture, and hydropower. While most other nations measure growth in terms of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), or Gross National Income (GNI), Bhutan measures success and directs growth using Gross National Happiness (GNH) indexing. GNH provides direction on governing efforts, economic investments, and initiatives like reducing poverty and inequality. Since 1980, Bhutan has been one of the world’s fastest-growing economies.

    The Maldivesare an extremely unique grouping of islands that officially make up the Republic of Bhutan, which is 99% water. The island nation sits off the coast of India in the Indian Ocean and is spread between 1,192 islands grouped into 26 atolls that are home to only half a million people. Continuing the Maldives collection of unique positions in the world, it is the most low-lying and flattest nation, the smallest Mulsim state, and the smallest country in Asia. GDP per capita in the Maldives is strong, coming in at $11,890 in 2018. Two-thirds of the Maldives GDP is centered around tourism, which has taken a debilitating hit with border closures and travel restrictions due to COVID-19.

    Nepalhas been experiencing turbulence in government and economy for many years and is currently working through challenges surrounding the state’s 2008 shift to a federal style of government. Organization of local, state, and federal organizations, as well as delivery of basic services and infrastructure improvements have dominated development in Nepal for much of the 2000s. Agriculture is a large focus in Nepal, however low crop yields due to pests and weather damage in past season has hampered the ability of the state to leverage their natural resources for growth. Despite these challenges, overall poverty was trending downwards in Nepal prior to COVID-19. In the current economic climate, Nepal is suffering from the lack of influx of tourism dollars as well as increased prices for essential items.

    Pakistanmight be infamous for conflict in the region, but the mountainous country has much to offer for tourism and adventure travel. Famed for towering mountain peaks in the Karamorum range, the world-famous K2 is found in Pakistan. GDP per capita in Pakistan in 2019 is $1,285 USD - putting it in the range of developing economies. Pakistan’s strongest industrial sector is textiles and apparel; this industry has been largely halted by COVID-19 lockdown measures. The country as a whole is suffering extensively from the pandemic, and the economic outlook is in flux and currently unpredictable.

    Sri Lankais an island found off the southeast tip of Indian, in the Indian Ocean. Its primary sources of profit are agriculture (including tea and rice), textiles and apparel, and tea export. Sri Lanka falls in the developing economic category as of 2019 according to the United Nations at $3,853 per capita. The majority of Sri Lanka identifies as Buddhist, with nearly 70% of the population in this category. Other religions found in the country are Hinduism, Islam, and Christianity.

    Afghanistanis a landlocked country in South Asia, with a rich cultural history despite being nearly constantly embroiled in conflict. The nation is bordered by Iran, Pakistan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, and China. The capital city and most populous area in Afghanistan is Kabul, the two official languages are Pashto and Dari, and the currency is an Afghani (not to be confused with Afghans, which is the name for the people of Afghanistan). GDP is this struggling country was $502 in 2019 - for context, the average GDP per capita in developed states is $46,000.

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  4. Oct 06, 2021 · South Asia’s average annual growth is forecast to be 3.4 percent over 2020-23, which is 3 percentage points less than it was in the four years preceding the pandemic. India’s economy, South Asia’s largest, is expected to grow by 8.3 percent in the fiscal year 2021-22, aided by an increase in public investment and incentives to boost ...

    • Central Asia
    • East Asia
    • South Asia
    • Southeast Asia
    • Western Asia

    Central Asia is west of China, south of Russia, and north of Afghanistan. The western border of this region runs along the Caspian Sea. Central Asia is politically divided into five countries: Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Kyrgyzstan. Given that the name of each of these countries ends in "-stan," Central Asia is sometimes informally referred to as "The Stans." The region covers a total area of 1,545,741 square miles and has a population size of just over 69.78 million individuals. Central Asia played an important role in the transportation of goods between China and Europe during the Silk Roadtrading era.

    East Asia, one of the five regions of Asia, is located east of Central Asia, with its eastern border running along the East China Sea. East Asia is politically divided into eight countries and regions: China, Mongolia, North Korea, South Korea, Japan, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macau. This region covers a total area of 4,571,092 square miles and has a population size of more than 1.641 billion, which represents 22% of the global population and 38% of Asia's total population. Many residents of East Asia are concentrated in major metropolitan areas such as Beijing and Tokyo. The geography of East Asia is varied depending on the zone. The inner continental area experiences a temperate climate, while Mongolia is covered by the arid Gobi desert. China, the largest country in the region, is home to both mountains and plateaus, while Japan is characterized by thousands of islands and coastlines. Today, East Asia is believed to have some of the most advanced technologies in the world, which fos...

    South Asiahas a peninsula-like shape that is bordered by three bodies of water: the Indian Ocean to the south, the Bay of Bengal to the east, and the Arabian Sea to the west. The region includes Indian subcontinent and surrounding countries. South Asia is politically divided into 9 autonomous countries: Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, India, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bhutan, Nepal, Iran, and the Maldives. The region covers a total area of roughly two million square miles and has a population size of more than 1.74 billion, which is nearly a quarter of the global population. Additionally, South Asia has the distinction of being the most densely populated area in the world.

    Southeast Asiais located north of Australia, south of East Asia, west of the Pacific Ocean, and east of the Bay of Bengal. It encompasses several island and archipelago nations that stretch between the northern and southern hemispheres, making it the only Asian region located on both sides of the equator. Southeast Asia is politically divided into 15 countries and territories: Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Timor Leste, and Vietnam. Southeast Asia covers a total area of 1,735,121 square miles and has a population size of more than 641 million individuals. The geography of Southeast Asia is characterized by a large number of archipelagos. The Indonesian Archipelago is the biggest in the world and is home to the largest number of active volcanoes in the world. The region's importance in global trade began during the spice trade, which started before European exploration. Today, the economy of Southeast Asia is rapidly developing...

    West Asia is located in the area between Central Asia and Africa, south of Eastern Europe. The majority of the region is often referred to as the Middle East, although it geographically excludes the mainland of Egypt (which is culturally considered a Middle Eastern country). West Asia is politically divided into 18 states: Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Iraq, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Oman, and Yemen. It also includes the Sinai Peninsula of Egypt. The region covers a total area of around 2.415 million square miles and has a population size of 313.428 million. A large area of the region is covered by an arid desert environment. However, West Asia does have several points of access to large bodies of water, including the Black Sea, Persian Gulf, Arabian Sea, Red Sea, Caspian Sea, Mediterranean Sea, and the Aegean Sea.

    • Amber Pariona
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