At 505,992 km 2 (195,365 sq mi), Spain is the world's fifty-second largest country and Europe's fourth largest country. It is some 47,000 km 2 (18,000 sq mi) smaller than France. Mount Teide ( Tenerife) is the highest mountain peak in Spain and is the third largest volcano in the world from its base.
- History of Spain
- Geography of Spain
People have lived in Spain since the Stone Age. Later, the Roman Empire controlled Spain for about five hundred years; then as the Roman Empire broke up, groups of Germanic people including Visigothsmoved in and took control.
In 711, the Umayyads took over, and later groups from North Africa, called the Moors. At first the Moors ruled most of Spain but the reconquista slowly forced them out over seven centuries. They called the land Al-Andalus. They were Muslims, and Muslim Spain was the farthest western point of Islamic civilization. The Caliphate of Córdoba fell apart in the early 11th century and Muslim rulers sometimes fought each other when they were not fighting the Christians. Muslim Spain was focused on le...
Kingdom of León
The Kingdom of León, the most important in the early Spanish Middle Ages, was started in 910. This Kingdom developed the first democratic parliament (Cortes de Llión) in Europe in 1188. After 1301, León had the same King as the Kingdom of Castile in personal union. The various kingdoms remained independent territories until 1833, when Spain was divided into regions and provinces. In 1492, the Christians took the last part of Spain that still belonged to the Moors, Granada. Boabdil, the last M...
Ancient religions in Spain were mostly pagan. Today, however, at least 68 percent of Spain is Roman Catholic. Spanish mystic Teresa of Ávila is an important figure within Catholicism. 27 percent of Spaniards are irreligious. 2 percent are from other religions, this include Baha'i Buddhists, Jain, Muslim,Unitarian Universalism and Zoroastrianism.
The middle of Spain is a high, dry, flat land called La Meseta. In La Meseta it can be very hot in the summer and cold or very cold in the winter. Spain also has many mountain ranges. The Mount Teide (Tenerife, Canary Islands), the highest mountain of Spain and the islands of the Atlantic (it is the third largest volcano in the world from its base)...
While Spanish is the most spoken language in the country, other languages like Catalan, Basque or Galicianare also spoken in a few territories.
The history of Spain dates to the Antiquity when the pre-Roman peoples of the Mediterranean coast of the Iberian Peninsula made contact with the Greeks and Phoenicians and the first writing systems known as Paleohispanic scripts were developed. During Classical Antiquity, the peninsula was the site of multiple successive colonizations of Greeks ...
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Spain and its 17 autonomous communities are subdivided into 50 provinces ( Spanish: provincias, IPA: [pɾoˈβinθjas]; sing. provincia ). Spain's provincial system was recognized in its 1978 Constitution but its origin dates back to 1833 with a similar predecessor from 1822 (during the Trienio Liberal ). Ceuta, Melilla, and the plazas de ...Province NameCapitalAutonomous CommunityLa Coruña ( Spanish); A Coruña ( ...La Coruña (Spanish); A Coruña ...Álava (Spanish); Araba ( Basque)Vitoria (Spanish); Gasteiz (Basque)Alicante (Spanish); Alacant ( Valencian)Alicante; Alacant (Valencian)
- Provincial council
- Extreme Temperature Records in Selected Cities
- See Also
Five main climatic zones can be distinguished, according to the country's Köppen-Geiger climate classification and orographicconditions: 1. The hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Csa) which is also characterized by dry and warm/hot summers and cool to mild and wet winters. According to the Köppen climate classification, this climate is dominant on t...
Nationally, the coldest temperature ever reported in Spain is −35.8 °C (−32.4 °F) in Vega de Liordes, Province of León on 7 January 2021. Conversely, the warmest, officially, is 47.3 °C (117.1 °F) at Montoro, Cordobaon 13 July 2017.