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    At 505,992 km 2 (195,365 sq mi), Spain is the world's fifty-second largest country and Europe's fourth largest country. It is some 47,000 km 2 (18,000 sq mi) smaller than France. Mount Teide ( Tenerife) is the highest mountain peak in Spain and is the third largest volcano in the world from its base.

  2. The Spanish Golden Age (in Spanish, Siglo de Oro) was a period of flourishing arts and letters in the Spanish Empire (now Spain and the Spanish-speaking countries of Latin America), coinciding with the political decline and fall of the Habsburgs (Philip III, Philip IV and Charles II). Arts during the Golden Age flourished despite the decline of ...

    • History of Spain
    • Religion
    • Geography of Spain
    • Languages

    Early history

    People have lived in Spain since the Stone Age. Later, the Roman Empire controlled Spain for about five hundred years; then as the Roman Empire broke up, groups of Germanic people including Visigothsmoved in and took control.

    Moorish occupation

    In 711, the Umayyads took over, and later groups from North Africa, called the Moors. At first the Moors ruled most of Spain but the reconquista slowly forced them out over seven centuries. They called the land Al-Andalus. They were Muslims, and Muslim Spain was the farthest western point of Islamic civilization. The Caliphate of Córdoba fell apart in the early 11th century and Muslim rulers sometimes fought each other when they were not fighting the Christians. Muslim Spain was focused on le...

    Kingdom of León

    The Kingdom of León, the most important in the early Spanish Middle Ages, was started in 910. This Kingdom developed the first democratic parliament (Cortes de Llión) in Europe in 1188. After 1301, León had the same King as the Kingdom of Castile in personal union. The various kingdoms remained independent territories until 1833, when Spain was divided into regions and provinces. In 1492, the Christians took the last part of Spain that still belonged to the Moors, Granada. Boabdil, the last M...

    Ancient religions in Spain were mostly pagan. Today, however, at least 68 percent of Spain is Roman Catholic. Spanish mystic Teresa of Ávila is an important figure within Catholicism. 27 percent of Spaniards are irreligious. 2 percent are from other religions, this include Baha'i Buddhists, Jain, Muslim,Unitarian Universalism and Zoroastrianism.

    The middle of Spain is a high, dry, flat land called La Meseta. In La Meseta it can be very hot in the summer and cold or very cold in the winter. Spain also has many mountain ranges. The Mount Teide (Tenerife, Canary Islands), the highest mountain of Spain and the islands of the Atlantic (it is the third largest volcano in the world from its base). In the north there is a range of mountains called Los Picos de Europa(The European Peaks). Here it is very cold in winter with a lot of snow but with gentle warm summers. In the south-east of the country is a range of mountains called La Sierra Nevada (The Snowy Mountains). This range of mountains contains the highest mountain in mainland Spain, Mulacen, at 2952 metres. La Sierra Nevada is very popular in winter for winter sports, especially skiing. Snow remains on its peaks throughout the year. The south coast, has a warm and temperate climate, not very hot or very cold. Since Spain is in the south of Europe, it is very sunny. Many peop...

    While Spanish is the most spoken language in the country, other languages like Catalan, Basque or Galicianare also spoken in a few territories.

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    • Overview
    • Transport
    • Cultural tourism, business tourism
    • Nightlife

    Tourism in Spain is the third major contributor to national economic life after the industrial and the business/banking sectors, contributing about 10–11% of Spain's GDP. Ever since the 1960s and 1970s, the country has been a popular destination for summer holidays, especially with large numbers of tourists from the United Kingdom, Ireland, France, Germany, Italy, the Benelux, and the United States, among others. Accordingly, Spain's foreign tourist industry has grown into the second...

    Spain's national airline is Iberia, but the country can be flown into on many international passenger airlines and charter airlines. Tourists also arrive in Spain by road, rail and over the water. Spanish freeways interconnecting the touristic cities are also linked with the French freeway network across the Pyrenees. The main train operator is RENFE, including AVE or Talgo intercity services. Spain's high-speed rail link is the largest in Europe and second largest in the world after China. Ther

    As a crossroads of several civilizations, Spain offers a number of historical cities and towns. Major destinations include Spain's two largest cities: Madrid and Barcelona, which stand as two of the leading city destinations in Europe. Both offer a matchless number of attractions and their importance in commerce, education, entertainment, media, fashion, science, sports and arts contribute to their status as two of the world's major global cities. Fifteen Spanish cities have been declared World

    The nightlife in Spain is very attractive to both tourists and locals. Spain is known to have some of the best nightlife in the world. Big cities such as Madrid and Barcelona are favorites amongst the large and popular discothèques. For instance, Madrid is known as the number one party city for clubs such as Pacha and Kapital, and Barcelona is famous for Opium and Sutton famous clubs. The discothèques in Spain are open until hours such as 7am. The Baleraric Islands, such as Ibiza and ...

    • Early History
    • 9th Century
    • Late 15th Century
    • 16th and 17th Centuries
    • 18th Century
    • 20th Century

    People have lived on the Iberian Peninsula for about 500,000 years. Neanderthal man came about 200,000 years ago. Modern humans first came about 40,000 years. Thousands of years ago Iberians and Celts lived there, and the Phoenicians made a few cities there to get tin and silverto trade. The Roman Empire controlled Spain for three hundred years; then people from Eastern Europe called Visigothsfought for Spain, won it from the Romans, and controlled Spain for over two hundred years.

    The Visigoths converted from Arian Christianity to Roman Catholics. The land was won after a war by Muslims who were Arab and Berber. Roman Catholics from Europe eventually decided to fight to take Spain from the Muslims. They fought wars for many hundreds of years, some of which were Crusades against other Christians like the Cathars. These were very cruel wars. In the year 1492, they took the last part of Spain that had belonged to the Moors. Boabdil, the last Moorish Leader of Granada, gave the city to King Ferdinand of Aragon on 2 January 1492, and Christians now ruled all of Spain. Before this, several different kings had ruled different countries in what is now called Spain. Two of these countries, Castile and Aragon, came together when the king of Aragon, Ferdinand II, married the queen of Castile, Isabella. In the same year, 1492, they decided to send Christopher Columbus to explore the Atlantic Ocean. Columbus found a land there that the people of Europe did not yet know. T...

    Columbus and other sailors explored more and found that there were two continents there - North America and South America. Spain sent many soldiers and businessmen to North and South America, and they took over very large parts of those two continents. Owning this empire made Spain very rich. But when they conquered that empire, they killed millions of the Native Americanswho had lived there before. Spain owned this empire for more than three hundred years. Meanwhile, at home, the Muslim manuscripts had been either burnt or spread to other countries. Jews had been expelled from Spain. The multicultural society was destroyed, and so was the learning. Among the few things kept and respected in Spain were in music: harmony and stringed instruments, and of course the buildings, many of which became churches, by adding crosses.

    The Spanish Empire was the strongest in the world through most of the next two centuries, thanks to gold from the Americas. This new gold made rulers and colonial governors rich. Meanwhile, others' savings became worth less due to inflation. Spain became a society of very rich and very poor. Some of the poorest went to the new colonies in the Caribbean, Central America and South America, mostly to find gold. Native American peoples were killed by diseasesbrought by the Spaniards, but most Spaniards did not know this. They found damaged and dying societies with people who had lost some of their most important leaders and thinkers. The Spaniards thought this meant they were inferior, and used this as an excuse to enslave the natives. Millions of natives died mining gold for the Spanish. The Spanish Empire also at this time funded the Spanish Inquisition which tortured and killed anyone who disagreed with the Roman Catholic Church. The Reformation which created Protestant sectsin Europ...

    In the 18th century, there was doubt over who should become king of Spain; this doubt led many of the kings of Europe to fight to become king of Spain. This was called the War of the Spanish Succession. France occupied Spain for a long time. This made Spain very weak. It also made Spain lose its empire in North and South America; all of the parts of that empire became their own countries, or were taken over by other countries such as the United States of America.

    There was not much peace in Spain during the first part of the 20th century. Some Spaniards tried to set up a government chosen by the people (a democracy), and they made the King of Spain leave the country. However, in 1936, two different groups of Spaniards went to war over whether the government should be a democracy, or take orders from one person. In 1939, those who wanted democracy were defeated, and a dictator named Francisco Francotook over the government. Franco died in 1975. He had decided that Spain should have a king again, and he chose Juan Carlos, the grandson of the king who had been forced to leave the country, to be king. But the king did not rule as a dictator; instead, he chose to set up a democracy. Also since Franco's death, Spain appointed Adolfo Suárez to became Spain's first democratically elected prime minister. Now Spain is a modern democratic country, and does business with many countries around the world. It is a part of the European Union.

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    This WikiProject aims to create and improve pages related to Spain and Spanish cities, provinces, geography, history, culture, and so on. The objectives of this WikiProject are as follows: 1. Improve the quality of Spain-related articles (see the WikiProject talk page) 2. Expand the number of Spain-related articles 3. Work towards the promotion of Spain-related articles as "good" and "featured articles" 4. Create a Spain-related Collaboration of the Week 5. Tag all Spain-related articles with {{WikiProject Spain}} 5.1. Please see this page to review additional articles for inclusion in WP:SPAIN

    The creation of a wikiproject dedicated to translating Spanish language Wikipedia articles into English. If you are interested, join Wikipedia:WikiProject Intertranswiki/Spanish.

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    Former featured articles

    1. Battle of Aljubarrota(delisted 20 April 2006) 2. Salvador Dali(on main page 11 May 2004; delisted 28 October 2009) 3. Ferdinand Magellan(on main page 31 August 2004; delisted 15 March 2006) 4. Habsburg Spain(delisted 1 July 2007) 5. Diego Velázquez(delisted 19 January 2007) 6. War of the Spanish Succession(delisted 30 June 2008)

    Former good articles

    1. Barcelona(delisted 7 February 2007) 2. Charlemagne(delisted 7 June 2008) 3. Dutch Revolt(delisted 27 September 2007) 4. Lope de Barrientos(delisted 18 August 2009) 5. Madrid(delisted 27 September 2007) 6. Music of Spain(delisted 12 March 2007) 7. Spanish Armada(delisted 9 September 2008)

    Consult Wikipedia:WikiProject Spain/Assessmentfor information on assessing articles and the criteria utilized.

    The following are Task forces currently recognized as associated with this WikiProject: 1. Spanish cinema task force 2. WikiProject Military history/Spanish military history task force 3. Wikipedia:WikiProject Africa/Spanish Africa work group

    History

    1. Germanic invasions of the Iberian Peninsula (es) Briefly covered in Hispania#Germanic Hispania. 2. Abacus Library-Cooperative (References: )

    Buildings

    1. Church of Santa María (Aranda de Duero) es 2. Roman theatre of Málaga es 3. Dehesa del Saler es 4. Iglesia de los Santos Juanes es 5. Iglesia de Santa Catalina es 6. Basílica de la Virgen de los Desamparados es 7. Iglesia de San Juan del Hospital es 8. Palace of Justice (Valencia) (Palacio de Justicia) es 9. Casa consistorial de Valencia es 10. Pretorio = Palacio de Augusto = Castillo de Pilatos, building from Antiquity in Tarragona, Spain

    Military

    1. Junta de Jefes de Estado Mayor es 2. Jefes de Estado Mayor del Ejército de Tierra de España es 3. Fuerzas Armadas durante la dictadura franquista es

    In addition to posting your image requests here, on the talk page(s) of the subject(s), and on the Wikimedia Commons, please also post them at es:Wikipedia:Imágenes solicitadas on the Spanish Wikipedia. If you do not know Spanish, you can ask someone at es:Wikipedia:Embajadasto help you.

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