– in Europe (green & dark grey) – in the European Union (green) Capital and largest city Madrid 40°26′N 3°42′W / 40.433°N 3.700°W / 40.433; -3.700 Official language Spanish [c] Nationality (2020) 84.8% Spaniards 15.2% Others Religion (2020) 62% Christianity —61% Roman Catholic —1% Other Christian 34% No religion 3% Others 1% No answer Demonym(s) Spanish Spaniard ...
Spanja ka kryeqytet Madridin. Gjuha zyrtare është spanjishtja. Sipas Kushtetutës së 29 dhjetorit të 1978-ës (ndryshimet e fundit më 1992) Spanja është Mbretëri parlamentare e trashëgueshme. Kreu i shtetit është Mbreti, ndërsa Parlamenti është organi ligjvënës dhe përfaqësues i popullit (Cortes Generales).
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- History of Spain
- Geography of Spain
People have lived in Spain since the Stone Age. Later, the Roman Empire controlled Spain for about five hundred years; then as the Roman Empire broke up, groups of Germanic people including Visigothsmoved in and took control.
In 711, the Umayyads took over, and later groups from North Africa, called the Moors. At first the Moors ruled most of Spain but the reconquista slowly forced them out over seven centuries. They called the land Al-Andalus. They were Muslims, and Muslim Spain was the farthest western point of Islamic civilization. The Caliphate of Córdoba fell apart in the early 11th century and Muslim rulers sometimes fought each other when they were not fighting the Christians. Muslim Spain was focused on le...
Kingdom of León
The Kingdom of León, the most important in the early Spanish Middle Ages, was started in 910. This Kingdom developed the first democratic parliament (Cortes de Llión) in Europe in 1188. After 1301, León had the same King as the Kingdom of Castile in personal union. The various kingdoms remained independent territories until 1833, when Spain was divided into regions and provinces. In 1492, the Christians took the last part of Spain that still belonged to the Moors, Granada. Boabdil, the last M...
Ancient religions in Spain were mostly pagan. Today, however, at least 68 percent of Spain is Roman Catholic. Spanish mystic Teresa of Ávila is an important figure within Catholicism. 27 percent of Spaniards are irreligious. 2 percent are from other religions, this include Baha'i Buddhists, Jain, Muslim,Unitarian Universalism and Zoroastrianism.
The middle of Spain is a high, dry, flat land called La Meseta. In La Meseta it can be very hot in the summer and cold or very cold in the winter. Spain also has many mountain ranges. The Mount Teide (Tenerife, Canary Islands), the highest mountain of Spain and the islands of the Atlantic (it is the third largest volcano in the world from its base). In the north there is a range of mountains called Los Picos de Europa(The European Peaks). Here it is very cold in winter with a lot of snow but with gentle warm summers. In the south-east of the country is a range of mountains called La Sierra Nevada (The Snowy Mountains). This range of mountains contains the highest mountain in mainland Spain, Mulacen, at 2952 metres. La Sierra Nevada is very popular in winter for winter sports, especially skiing. Snow remains on its peaks throughout the year. The south coast, has a warm and temperate climate, not very hot or very cold. Since Spain is in the south of Europe, it is very sunny. Many peop...
While Spanish is the most spoken language in the country, other languages like Catalan, Basque or Galicianare also spoken in a few territories.
Spain and its autonomous communities are divided into fifty provinces ( Spanish: provincias, IPA: [pɾoˈβinθjas]; sing. provincia ). Spain's provincial system was recognized in its 1978 constitution but its origin dates back to 1833. Ceuta, Melilla and the plazas de soberanía are not part of any provinces.
- Provincial council
Andaluzia. ə /, spanjisht: Andalucía, shqiptimi [andaluˈθi.a], local pronunciation: [andaluˈsi.a], arabisht: الأندلس) është një komunitetet autonom në Mbretërinë e Spanjës i vendosur në rajonin jug-perëndimor të Evropës. Është komuniteti autonom më i madh nga numri i popullsisë dhe i dyti më i madh sipas sipërfaqes ...
Wikipedia is a free online encyclopedia, created and edited by volunteers around the world and hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation.
- Plazas and Squares
- Feasts and Traditions
The Kingdom of Asturias began in 720, with the Visigothic aristocrat Pelagius's (685–737) revolt against the Muslims who at the time were occupying most of the Iberian Peninsula. The Moorish invasionthat began in 711 had taken control of most of the peninsula, until the revolt in the northern mountains by Pelagius. The resulting Kingdom of Asturias, located in an economically poor region of Iberia, was largely ignored by the Muslims. In 720, the area where Oviedo is now located was still uninhabited. It is said that two monks, Máximo and Fromestano (Latin: Maximus et Fromestanus), founded the city in 761. That settlement was soon to be completed with the construction of a small church dedicated to Saint Vincent. Oviedo was established on an uninhabited hillside, with no Visigothic or Roman foundation before it became an Asturian city. Following Pelagius, who died in 737, Alfonso I (739–57) founded a dynasty that reigned until 1037. The Asturian Kingdom was on hostile terms with sout...
Oviedo is located in the centre of Asturias between the Nalón River and Nora River. To the north lie Las Regueras and Llanera, to the south Mieres and Ribera de Arriba, to the east Siero and Langreo, and to the west Grado and Santo Adriano. The altitude of Oviedo is between 80 and 709 metres above sea level. The city is protected against strong winds by Monte Naranco in the north and the Sierra del Aramoin the south. The city centre is rather hilly.
The economy is strongly dependent on the service sector, with many office buildings in the city centre. Oviedo's status as the administrative centre of the region supports a large number of jobs in public administration. The manufacturing sector, which remains important in this part of Spain, is not prevalent in Oviedo itself, but is more important in the adjacent municipalities of Siero and Llanera which lie to the north of the city, between Oviedo and Gijon. In 2009, the municipality had a total debt of €135 million.
Oviedo contains a very rich architectural history, with many buildings dating back to the early medieval period. Many of the building projects were undertaken during Alfonso II's (791-842) reign and Ramiro I's (842-850) reign. Alfonso III's contributions are not as well documented. Alfonso II is said to have built four churches, one dedicated to Christ the Saviour, the Blessed Virgin Mary, St. Tyrsus, and SS Julian and Basilissa. There are few traces of the churches dedicated to the Saviour, the Virgin Mary, and St. Tyrsus. The San Salvador church, which was dedicated to the Saviour, is likely beneath the Cathedral of Oviedo. The church of Santa Maria de la Corte, which was dedicated to the Virgin Mary, was demolished in 1702. As for St. Tyrsus, the church dedicated to him exists today as the church of San Tirso. Only a wall and a three light window are believed to have been built by Alfonso II, the majority of the rest of the church is dated to the 14th century. The best preserved...Plaza de la Escandalera, located in the downtownareaPlaza del Fontán, located in the old quarters of the city. It has been used as a marketplace for many centuries.Corrada del ObispoPlaza Porlier, located by the cathedral in the downtown area.
Oviedo inspired the fictional city of Vetusta in Leopoldo Alas's La Regenta. Other Spanish writers were inspired by the city, including Ramón Pérez de Ayala in Tigre Juan and Dolores Medio in her novel Nosotros los Rivero. Oviedo was featured prominently in Woody Allen's movie Vicky Cristina Barcelona. Museums in Oviedo: 1. Archaeological Museum of Asturias 2. Museum of Fine Arts of Asturias 3. Camara Santa within the Cathedral houses the Arca Santaand Sudarium of Oviedo 4. Diocesan Museum 5. Tabularium Artis Asturiensis 6. Center for the reception and understanding of Preromanesque Art 7. (future) Museum of the Militar Technology and Industry Other cultural centres in Oviedo: 1. Campoamor Theatre 2. Filarmónica Theatre 3. Palacio de Congresos de Oviedo 3.1. Prince Felipe Auditorium 3.2. Princess Letizia Congress Palace Cultural institutions:Orquesta Sinfonica del Principado de Asturias is the premier orchestra of the region, the Principality of Asturias. This full-time symphony orc...
The most famous athlete from Oviedo is 2005 and 2006 Formula One world champion Fernando Alonso, famous for being Spain's only Formula One title winner, having raced for teams like Renault, Ferrari and McLaren. Alonso has his official career and life museum, together with a karting circuit designed by himself, in Llanera, nearby Oviedo.
Sports teams in Oviedo
1. Real Oviedo, football team. (Segunda División) 2. Real Oviedo Rugby, rugby union team. (División de Honor B) 3. Oviedo CB, basketball team. (LEB Oro, second division) 4. Oviedo Booling, roller hockeyteam. (OK Plata, second division) 5. Oviedo Moderno CF, football team. (Segunda División)
Annual sports events
1. International Showjumping Competition 2. City of Oviedo Horse Show 3. City of Oviedo San Silvestre* Outdoor Sports Climbing 4. Vuelta a España(Cycling) 5. Vuelta a Asturias(Cycling) 6. Ascent of Naranco(Cycling) 7. City of Oviedo Mountain Bike Open 8. City of Oviedo Cycle Criterium 9. Base Hockey International Tournament 10. Prince of Asturias International Rally 11. National Auto-Cross Championship 12. International Hurdles Competition 13. International Chess Open 14. Boxing Nights 15. As...
The Festive Calendar: 1. Cabalgata de los Reyes Magos de Oriente: The traditional Twelve Night parade, where the Three Wise Men of the East and their retinue parade through the city main streets, reaching the Cathedral Square, where they make their offering to the Child Jesus. 2. L'Antroxu (Carnival) 3. The Sudarium of Oviedo is displayed to the public three times a year: Good Friday, the Feast of the Triumph of the Crosson 14 September, and its octave on 21 September. 4. The Feast of the Ascension 5. La Foguera de San Xuan (Saint John's Bonfire): 6. La Balesquida or Martes del Bollu or Martes del campo: A public holiday, on a Tuesday in mid-May, where people make a picnic in parks 7. The Feast of San Mateo, a popular week-long festival with street food, music, concerts in the cathedral square and the Día de América en Asturias 8. El Desarme(Disarmament's Day), commemorating the cunning victory of the locals over a Carlist army during the First Carlist War, during the 1830s Typical...
Oviedo's climate is temperate oceanic (Cfb in the Köppen climate classification). Its climate is very similar to neighbouring city Gijón, with only narrow fluctuations in temperature due to its higher altitude and more inland location. Oviedo's warmest month is in August with an average high of 23.3 °C (73.9 °F). The city centre is located at a lower elevation than the weather station so is likely somewhat milder year-round. Its maritime position renders winters much milder than in continental Spain such as in the Madridcapital region, but summers naturally are far less hot than in the interior. There is a slight drying tendency during summer, albeit far less significant than in other areas of Spain.
Oviedo is served by Asturias Airport, about 48 km (30 mi) from the center of the city; it is located in the municipality of Castrillon.The airport is connected to the city by the A-8 motorway, the A-66 motorway and scheduled bus service (Alsa).
Oviedo currently has 15 bus lines and one Búho (owl) line. The owl services work on Saturday Sunday and festive nights, except Christmas and Christmas Eve. Last two lines (Línea U y Línea V) who connect rural zones of Oviedo were implemented in March 2020 and they only operate between Monday and Friday.
The Oviedo railway station provides a wide range of long- and middle-distance services, in addition to regional and suburban (cercanías) services operated by Renfe, and the narrow-gauge Renfe Feve lines. Within the municipality, there are others rail stations on the Cercanías Asturiasnetwork, in La Corredoria, Llamaquique, El Caleyo, Olloniego, Santa Eulalia de Manzaneda, Tudela-Veguín, Parque Principado, Colloto, Argañosa-Lavapiés, Las Campas, Las Mazas, San Claudio, Soto-Udrión, Trubia, Fus...
The Spanish Inquisition affected the Muslims living in Spain greatly. Shortly after 1492, when the last outpost of Muslim presence in the Iberian Peninsula, Granada, was conquered, the Spanish decreed that all Muslims must either vacate the peninsula without their belongings or convert. Many people overtly converted to keep their possessions while secretly practicing their religion.