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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › SpainSpain - Wikipedia

    At 505,992 km 2 (195,365 sq mi), Spain is the world's fifty-second largest country and Europe's fourth largest country. It is some 47,000 km 2 (18,000 sq mi) smaller than France. Mount Teide ( Tenerife) is the highest mountain peak in Spain and is the third largest volcano in the world from its base.

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    • History of Spain
    • Religion
    • Geography of Spain
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    Early history

    People have lived in Spain since the Stone Age. Later, the Roman Empire controlled Spain for about five hundred years; then as the Roman Empire broke up, groups of Germanic people including Visigothsmoved in and took control.

    Moorish occupation

    In 711, the Umayyads took over, and later groups from North Africa, called the Moors. At first the Moors ruled most of Spain but the reconquista slowly forced them out over seven centuries. They called the land Al-Andalus. They were Muslims, and Muslim Spain was the farthest western point of Islamic civilization. The Caliphate of Córdoba fell apart in the early 11th century and Muslim rulers sometimes fought each other when they were not fighting the Christians. Muslim Spain was focused on le...

    Kingdom of León

    The Kingdom of León, the most important in the early Spanish Middle Ages, was started in 910. This Kingdom developed the first democratic parliament (Cortes de Llión) in Europe in 1188. After 1301, León had the same King as the Kingdom of Castile in personal union. The various kingdoms remained independent territories until 1833, when Spain was divided into regions and provinces. In 1492, the Christians took the last part of Spain that still belonged to the Moors, Granada. Boabdil, the last M...

    Ancient religions in Spain were mostly pagan. Today, however, at least 68 percent of Spain is Roman Catholic. Spanish mystic Teresa of Ávila is an important figure within Catholicism. 27 percent of Spaniards are irreligious. 2 percent are from other religions, this include Baha'i Buddhists, Jain, Muslim,Unitarian Universalism and Zoroastrianism.

    The middle of Spain is a high, dry, flat land called La Meseta. In La Meseta it can be very hot in the summer and cold or very cold in the winter. Spain also has many mountain ranges. The Mount Teide (Tenerife, Canary Islands), the highest mountain of Spain and the islands of the Atlantic (it is the third largest volcano in the world from its base). In the north there is a range of mountains called Los Picos de Europa(The European Peaks). Here it is very cold in winter with a lot of snow but with gentle warm summers. In the south-east of the country is a range of mountains called La Sierra Nevada (The Snowy Mountains). This range of mountains contains the highest mountain in mainland Spain, Mulacen, at 2952 metres. La Sierra Nevada is very popular in winter for winter sports, especially skiing. Snow remains on its peaks throughout the year. The south coast, has a warm and temperate climate, not very hot or very cold. Since Spain is in the south of Europe, it is very sunny. Many peop...

    While Spanish is the most spoken language in the country, other languages like Catalan, Basque or Galicianare also spoken in a few territories.

  2. From today's featured article A 56-bell carillon A carillon is a pitched percussion instrument housed in a bell tower and played with a keyboard. Consisting of at least 23 cast bronze bells in fixed suspension and tuned in chromatic order, carillons are usually owned by churches, universities, or municipalities. The bells are struck with clappers connected to a keyboard of wooden batons played ...

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  4. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › WikipediaWikipedia - Wikipedia

    Wikipedia (/ ˌ w ɪ k ɪ ˈ p iː d i ə / wik-ih-PEE-dee-ə or / ˌ w ɪ k i-/ wik-ee-) is a free content, multilingual online encyclopedia written and maintained by a community of volunteers through a model of open collaboration, using a wiki-based editing system.

  5. Spain and its autonomous communities are divided into fifty provinces ( Spanish: provincias, IPA: [pɾoˈβinθjas]; sing. provincia ). Spain's provincial system was recognized in its 1978 constitution but its origin dates back to 1833 with a similar predecessor from 1822 (during the trienio liberal ). Ceuta, Melilla and the plazas de ...

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    The language Spanish or previously known as Castilian is originally adopted from a dialect of spoken Latin. At the beginning of 218 BC, it was brought to the Iberian Peninsula by the Romans, and after evolving and improving for centuries, today with over 489 million native speakers, it is the world’s 4th most spoken language, after English, Mandarin Chinese, and Hindi.

    Spanish is used by many people in the world today, partly because Spain traveled and colonized many different parts of the world and created many new countries and governments. The countries with Spanish as an official language are called the Hispanic countries. Most of them are in the Americas, which make up Latin America. They include the following: In North America, Central America, and the Caribbean Islands: 1. Costa Rica 2. Cuba 3. The Dominican Republic 4. Guatemala 5. Honduras 6. Mexico 7. Nicaragua 8. Panama 9. Puerto Rico 10. El Salvador In the United States and Belize, most people use English, but Spanish is the second-most common language. In South America: 1. Argentina 2. Bolivia 3. Chile 4. Colombia 5. Ecuador 6. Guyana 7. Paraguay 8. Peru 9. Uruguay 10. Venezuela Many Brazilians learn Spanish as a second language even though Brazil's official language is Portuguese. In other parts of the world: 1. Philippines 2. Equatorial Guinea

    The Spanish language was originally the language of Castile. When the Western Roman Empire collapsed, Latin changed in different ways in different provinces. The Latin spoken in the Iberian Peninsula developed into the Ibero-Romance language in the 6th century. Castilian and Portuguese became separate languages around the 12th century. In Spain, there are other languages that also came from Latin that are connected to Spanish, like Catalan, and Galician. Basque, also called Euskera or Euskara, is spoken in the Basque region of northern Spain and the southern region of France. Very different from Spanish, Basque is a language isolatesince it is not known to have descended from any language family. Catalan is not a dialect of Spanish and is actually more closely related to French.

    Spanish is sometimes called Castilian because Castile is the region in Spain that is the origin of the language.Castile is the region that is considered to speak the most proper form of Spanish. The Spanish word for Spanish is "español", and the Spanish word for Castilian is "castellano". In the other Romance languages spoken on the Iberian Peninsula, such as Galician, Catalan, Asturian, and others, Spanish is usually called "Castellán" or "Castellà" instead of "Spanish".[better source needed] In Spain, the name of the subject in schools is "lengua castellana" (Castilian language). However, in the regions of Spain in which people speak only Spanish, people call their language Spanish.[better source needed] In Portuguese, the word "castelhano" is common to mention Spanish, however, in informal language, the most preferred name for the language is "espanhol". Portuguese, which is spoken in Portugal and Brazil, has many similarities to Spanish.

    In 2009, for the first time in history, Spanish was the most common "mother tongue" language of the western world, more than English. It was also the second most common language on Earth, after Chinese. As of 2016, the three most common languages in the world are: 1. Chinese: Spoken by about 1.305 billion people 2. Spanish: Spoken by about 427 million people in 34 different countries 3. English: Spoken by 339 million people in 108 different countries

    The Project Gutenberg EBook of A First Spanish Reader by Erwin W. Roessler and Alfred Remy.
    Spanish to English Archived 2017-08-08 at the Wayback Machineonline translation
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