An intraregional transport hub and popular tourist destination, the city is linked to the Adriatic islands and the Apennine peninsula. The city was founded as the Greek colony of Aspálathos (Aσπάλαθος) in the 3rd or 2nd century BC and later on was home to Diocletian's Palace, built for the Roman emperor in AD 305.
The Archbishopric of Spalathon or Spalatum (also Salona, Latin: Spalatum) was a Christian archbishopric with seat in Salona (modern Split), Dalmatia (modern Croatia) in the early Middle Ages. It recognized the supremacy of the Patriarch of Constantinople rather than the Roman Pope. In 590 the Salona archdiocese gained territory from the suppressed Roman Catholic Diocese of Makarska.
The original name of the cities was Jadera, Spalatum, Crespa, Arba, Tragurium, Vecla, Ragusium and Cattarum. The language and the laws where initially Latin, but after a few centuries they developed their own neolatin language (the "Dalmatico"), that lasted until the nineteenth century.
Diocletian's Palace (Croatian: Dioklecijanova palača, pronounced [diɔklɛt͡sijǎːnɔʋa pǎlat͡ʃa]) is an ancient palace built for the Roman emperor Diocletian at the turn of the fourth century AD, which today forms about half the old town of Split, Croatia. While it is referred to as a "palace" because of its intended use as the ...
- 4th century AD
- ii, iii, iv
- Split, Croatia
a city and port in Yugoslavia, in the Socialist Republic of Croatia, on the Adriatic Sea. Population, 158,000 (1974). Yugoslavia’s second largest port, after Rijeka, in goods turnover (1.8 million tons in 1972) and largest in passenger traffic (more than 1.4 million persons annually).
Define Spalatum. Spalatum synonyms, Spalatum pronunciation, Spalatum translation, English dictionary definition of Spalatum. A city of southwest Croatia on the Dalmatian coast of the Adriatic Sea. Founded as a Roman colony, it later grew around a palace built by Diocletian in the...
Diocletian's Palace (Croatian: Dioklecijanova palača, pronounced [diɔklɛt͡sijǎːnɔʋa pǎlat͡ʃa]) is an ancient palace built for the Roman emperor Diocletian at the turn of the fourth century AD, which today forms about half the old town of Split, Croatia
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Diocletian (/ˌdaɪ.əˈkliːʃən/; Latin: Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Augustus), born Diocles (22 December 244–3 December 311), was a Roman emperor from 284 to 305. Born to a family of low status in Dalmatia, Diocletian rose through the ranks of the military to become Roman cavalry commander to the Emperor Carus. After the deaths of Carus and his son Numerian on campaign in Persia ...
Dalmatia at the time consisted of the coastal cities functioning much like city-states, with extensive autonomy, but in mutual conflict and without control of the rural hinterland (the Zagora). Ethnically, Dalmatia started out as a Roman region, with a romance culture that began to develop independently, forming the now-extinct Dalmatian language.