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  1. Look at this June 2020 edit, the map was there: I really doubt anyone would care to be "angry" just because of a simple map, and the map shows the Spanish Empire during the 18th century (1701-1800) check Habsburg Netherlands and Spanish Netherlands as they were Spanish until 1716 so that map is factually accurate as 1701 started the 18th century.

    Talk:Spanish Empire - Wikipedia
  2. The Spanish Empire (Spanish: Imperio Español); also known as Hispanic Monarchy (Spanish: Monarquía Hispánica) or (historically) as the Catholic Monarchy (Spanish: Monarquía Católica) for the Early Modern period, was a colonial empire governed by Spain and its predecessor states between 1492 and 1976.

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    The Spanish Empire was the first global empire in world history and was scattered all over the world. It was constantly fighting with other powers about territories, trade, or religion. For example, the Spanish Empire fought: 1. In the Mediterranean against the Ottoman Empirethat threatened Europe and supported Barbary piracy in the Mediterranean. 2. Against France, due to the ItalianWars and rival attempts to take the prosperous Italian states. 3. In the American Revolutionary War 4. Against Protestant Leagues in Germany 5. Against the Dutch Republic, in the Eighty Years' War 6. Against England due to many reasons over the course of centuries, Britain became a protestant nation since Henry VIII and began a persecution of Catholics continued by his daughter Elizabeth I. The English also helped the Dutch Republic rebels. These efforts culminated in the Spanish Armada. Over the years the British tried to take rich places in the Spanish Americas, succeeding in some cases such as Jamaic...

    Spain kept control of two colonies in its empire in America: Cuba and Puerto Rico. It also held onto the Philippines and some preserved islands in Oceania, including the Caroline Islands (including the Palau Islands) and the Marianas (including Guam). However, when Spain lost the Spanish-American War of 1898, it lost almost all of these last territories. Spain kept control only of small islands of Oceania (not including Guam). Spain sold these islands to Germanyin 1899 . Spain still kept territories in Africa. Spain controlled Morocco, Western Sahara, and Equatorial Guinea, until decolonization in the 1960s and 1970s. The last colony to gain independence was the Western Sahara, in 1975.

    The Spanish Empire generally means Spain's overseas provinces in the Americas, Africa, the Pacific and Europe. For instance, traditionally, territiories such as the Low Countries or Spanish Netherlands were included as they were part of the possessions of the King of Spain, governed by Spanish officials and defended by Spanish troops. Many historians use both "Habsburg" and "Spanish" when they speak of the empire of Charles V or Philip II. However, the Low Countries were effectively part of Spain during that period. The Portuguese colonial empire joined Spain and was ruled by the same monarch in "personal union", but Portugal remained a separate state. The Portuguese empire continued to be ruled from Lisbonduring this period. Therefore, there was a joint Spanish-Portuguese rule for some time. These jointly run empires have sometimes been called the Spanish-Portuguese Empire. The 1469 marriage of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile created a dynastic union of Aragon and...

    The Spanish language and the Roman Catholic Church were brought to the Americas and to the Spanish East Indies (Federated States of Micronesia, Guam, Marianas, Palau and the Philippines) by the Spanish colonization which began in the 15th century. Together with the Portuguese empire, the Spanish empire laid the foundations of a globalisedtrade and culture by opening up the great trans-oceanic trade routes. The laws of the Indies regulated social, political and economic life in the Americas over centuries to protect the indigenous native people of the Americas which started a miscegenation process that other "so called" "Empires" never reached. the mix between Spaniards, Native Americans and Black people could be seen nowadays in most of the countries that became part of that Universal Catholic Spanish Monarchy also called Spanish Empire. The Spanish monarchy or the Spanish Empire never created "Colonies" but Viceroyalties or Overseas provinces. The Spanish Empire left a huge cultura...

    Archer, Christon; Ferris, John R.; et al (2008). World History of Warfare. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 978-0803219410
    Armstrong, Edward (1902). The emperor Charles V. New York: The Macmillan Company. ASIN B012DESOAI
    Black, Jeremy (1996). The Cambridge illustrated atlas of warfare: Renaissance to revolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-47033-1
    Braudel, Fernand (1972). The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II, Vol. I. Translated by Siân Reynolds. New York: Harper & Row. ISBN 978-0060104528
    Library of Iberian Resources Online, Stanley G Payne A History of Spain and Portugalvol 1 Ch 13 "The Spanish Empire"
    The Mestizo-Mexicano-Indian History in the USA Archived 1996-12-26 at
    Documentary Film, Villa de Albuquerque Archived 2007-12-23 at the Wayback Machine
    The last Spanish colonies (in Spanish) Archived 2009-10-25 at WebCite
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    What happened to Spanish Empire?

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  4. S. Silver mining in the Spanish Empire ‎ (8 P) Spanish colonial officials ‎ (3 C, 3 P) Spanish colonization of the Americas ‎ (38 C, 218 P, 1 F) Spanish conquest of the Canary Islands ‎ (11 P) Spanish East Indies ‎ (5 C, 42 P) Spanish exploration in the Age of Discovery ‎ (5 C, 36 P)

  5. The Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire, also known as the Conquest of Mexico or the Spanish-Aztec War (1519–21), was one of the primary events in the Spanish colonization of the Americas. There are multiple 16th-century narratives of the events by Spanish conquistadors , their indigenous allies , and the defeated Aztecs .

    • Spaniard and indigenous allied victory
    • Aztec Empire and other indigenous states, (modern-day Mexico)
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    • Move Section on Society in Spanish America to Colonial Spanish America?
    • The Map of The Spanish Empire in The 18th Century Showing The Netherlands in Red
    • Spanish Empire Map Including Portuguese Empire
    • Use of "Moor" Or "Moorish"

    I think I would remove the red-yellow-red flag. It seems strange to show a flag with Eagle of Saint John right next to the Cross of Burgundy when they were two radically different states with massive differences in landmass (not to mention Francoist Spainhas an article of its own). It is true that Spain had some pockets of territory in North Africa but I don't think Spain was considered an "empire" at the time just like the UK isn't considered an Empire anymore despite it holding overseas territories. Another possibility is using a red-yellow-red flag, no eagle since the coat of arms changed multiple times in the 19th century. I'm not used to writing English so I hope I'm explaining myself alright. Regards Alcismo (talk) 21:48, 4 June 2020 (UTC)

    I think this section would fit better in the Colonial Spanish America article, but I would like to hear feedback about doing that.Amuseclio (talk) 03:27, 8 August 2020 (UTC)Amuseclio 1. I would delete it altogether. It looks like a bunch of baloney to me. Frijolesconqueso (talk) 17:27, 16 November 2020 (UTC)

    I'm removing it since it is wrong. The Netherlands were not part of the Spanish empire in the 18th century and it is likely to anger any Dutch person who sees it. There is one individual wikipedian here pushing for its inclusion with no real argument beyond "seek consensus on talk. Beyond that, no reason for a factually incorrect map to be shown here, unless an argument in favor is provided. --Frijolesconqueso (talk) 14:08, 19 November 2020 (UTC) 1. @Frijolesconqueso: this is not how consensus works, you can't simply write something in the talk page and then delete the edition just because you want. You have to wait for other opinions. Anyways, you are deleting a map that has been there at least over the past half year. Look at this June 2020 edit, the map was there: I really doubt anyone would care to be "angry" just because of a simple map, and the map shows the Spanish Empire during the 18th...

    Writing this because someone reverted my edit without an explanation as to why. As I was saying, the Spanish never set foot on any of the Portuguese colonies, there was no Kingdom of Spain at the time of the Iberian Union, nor kingdom of Portugal, there was a union of both kingdoms. That map is misrepresentative of the Spanish Empire. By including this map you are implying the Iberian Union was Spain, which was not. We could as far as to include continental Portugal or the Azores there, as the Spanish did invade those areas, but never the Portuguese colonies as they were still managed by Portugal at the time of the Union and were never contacted (aka colonized) by the Spanish. In each of those blue areas there is zero Spanish influence. I know it says Monarchy but putting that as the main map of the Spanish Empire is nowhere near accurate. Even on the list of largest empires, the Iberian Union counts as an empire itself, not related to the Portuguese or Spanish Empires. This is a gr...

    I reverted an edit that replaced "Moorish" with "Nasrid" and "moors" with "Arabs", with an edit summary stating that "'Moors' is insult". Neither "Nasrid", which is the name of a dynasty, nor "Arab" are equivalent to "Moor" or "Moorish". The article Moorsstates in the lead: While I understand that "Moor", in a wider sense, is considered derogatory, I do not believe that, in the context of this article, one can simply replace "Moor" or "Moorish" with "Arab", or the name of a dynasty beyond the context of that dynasty's rule. Open for discussion is what to call the Moslems of the Magreb and the Moslem-ruled states of Iberia, whether they are of Arabic, Berber, or Iberian descent. - Donald Albury17:01, 2 May 2021 (UTC)

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    • Philip II
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    • The Last Spanish Habsburgs
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    Beginnings of the empire

    In 1504, Isabella I of Castile died, and although Ferdinand II of Aragon tried to maintain his position over Castile in the wake of her death, the Castilian Cortes Generales (the royal court of Spain) chose to crown Isabella's daughter Joanna of Castile as queen. Her husband, Philip I of Castile, was the Habsburg son of the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I and Mary of Burgundy. Shortly thereafter Joanna began to lapse into insanity, although the extent of her mental illness was the topic of so...

    Charles's victory at the Battle of Pavia (1525) surprised many Italians and Germans and elicited concerns that Charles would endeavor to gain even greater power. Pope Clement VII switched sides and now joined forces with France and prominent Italian states against the Habsburg Emperor, in the War of the League of Cognac. In 1527, due to Charles' inability to pay them sufficiently, his armies in Northern Italy mutinied and sacked Rome itself for loot, forcing Clement, and succeeding popes, to be considerably more prudent in their dealings with secular authorities: in 1533, Clement's refusal to annul Henry VIII of England's marriage to Catherine of Aragon (Charles' aunt) was a direct consequence of his unwillingness to offend the emperor and perhaps have his capital sacked a second time. The Peace of Barcelona, signed between Charles and the pope in 1529, established a more cordial relationship between the two leaders that effectively named Spain as the protector of the Catholic cause...

    Spain was not yet at peace, as the aggressive Henry II of France came to the throne in 1547 and renewed the conflict with Spain. Charles' successor, Philip II, aggressively conducted the war against France, crushing a French army at the Battle of St. Quentin in Picardy in 1557 and defeating Henry again at the Battle of Gravelines the following year. The Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis, signed in 1559, permanently recognized Spanish claims in Italy. In the celebrations that followed the treaty, Henry was killed by a stray splinter from a lance. France was stricken for the next thirty years by civil war and unrest (see French Wars of Religion) and was unable to effectively compete with Spain and the Habsburgs in the European power struggle. Freed from any serious French opposition, Spain saw the height of its might and territorial reach in the period 1559–1643. The Spanish Empire had grown substantially since the days of Ferdinand and Isabella. The Aztec and Inca Empires were conquered duri...

    Philip III succeeded his father in 1598 but had no interest in politics or government, preferring to engage in lavish court festivities, religious indulgences, and the theatre. He needed someone to do the work of governing, and he settled on the Duke of Lerma. Under the guidance of Lerma, Philip III's government resorted to a tactic that had been resolutely resisted by Philip II, paying for the budget deficits by the mass minting of increasingly worthless vellones, causing inflation. In 1607, the government faced bankruptcy. Peace with England and France implied that Spain could focus her energies on restoring her rule to the Dutch provinces. The Dutch, led by Maurice of Nassau, the son of William the Silent had succeeded in taking a number of border cities since 1590, including the fortress of Breda. Following the peace with England, the new Spanish commander Ambrosio Spinola pressed hard against the Dutch. Spinola, a general of abilities to match Maurice, was prevented from conque...

    In 1621, Philip III died and his son succeeded as Philip IV. The militarists now were firmly in charge. The following year, Zúñiga was replaced by Gaspar de Guzmán, Count-Duke of Olivares, an able man who believed that the center of all Spain's woes lay in Holland. After certain initial setbacks, the Bohemians were defeated at White Mountain in 1621, and again at Stadtlohn in 1623. The war with the Netherlands was renewed in 1621 with Spinola taking the fortress of Breda in 1625. The intervention of the Danish king Christian IV in the war worried some (Christian was one of Europe's few monarchs who had no worries over his finances) but the victory of the Imperial general Albert of Wallenstein over the Danes at Dessau Bridge and again at Lutter, both in 1626, eliminated the threat. There was hope in Madrid that the Netherlands might finally be reincorporated into the empire, and after the defeat of Denmark the Protestants in Germany seemed subdued. France was once again involved in h...

    Supported by the French, Neapolitans, and Portuguese rose up in revolt against the Spanish in the 1640s. With the Spanish Netherlands now very much on the defensive between French and Dutch forces after the Battle of Lens in 1648, the Spanish made peace with the Dutch and recognized the independent United Provinces in the Peace of Westphalia that ended both the Eighty Years' War and the Thirty Years' War. Olivares attempted to suppress the Catalan Revolt by launching an invasion of southern France. The quartering of Spanish troops in the Principality of Catalonia only made the situation worse, and the Catalans decided to secede from Spain altogether and unite with France. French troops soon arrived in Catalonia, but when a renewed civil war (the Fronde) broke out at home, their domestically distracted forces were driven out in 1652 by Catalan and Spanish Habsburg forces. England now entered the war and occupied Jamaica. The long, desultory and weary struggle effectively ended at the...

    The Spanish Inquisition was formally launched during the reign of the Catholic Monarchs, continued by their Habsburg successors, and only ended in the 19th century. Under Charles I, the Inquisition became a formal department in the Spanish government, hurtling out of control as the 16th century progressed. Philip II greatly expanded the Inquisition and made church orthodoxy a goal of public policy. In 1559, three years after Philip came to power, students in Spain were forbidden to travel abroad, the leaders of the Inquisition were placed in charge of censorship, and books could no longer be imported. Philip vigorously tried to excise Protestantism from Spain, holding innumerable campaigns to eliminate Lutheran and Calvinistliterature from the country, hoping to avoid the chaos taking place in France. Philip was more religious than his father, and was convinced that if the Protestants were resorting to military force, then he must do likewise. He was willing to do whatever it took t...

    The Spanish received a large influx of gold from the colonies in the New World as plunder when they were conquered, much of which Charles used to prosecute his wars in Europe. In the 1520s silver began to be extracted from the rich deposits at Guanajuato, but it was not until the 1540s, with the opening of the mines at Potosí and Zacatecas, that silver was to become the fabled source of wealth it has assumed in legend. The Spanish left mining to private enterprise but instituted a tax known as the "quinto real" whereby a fifth of the metal was collected by the government. The Spanish were quite successful in enforcing the tax throughout their vast empire in the New World; all bullion had to pass through the House of Trade in Seville, under the direction of the Council of the Indies. The supply of Almadén mercury, vital to extracting silver from the ore, was controlled by the state and contributed to the rigor of Spanish tax policy. Inflation - both in Spain and in the rest of Europe...

    Like most of Europe, Spain had suffered from famine and plague during the 14th and 15th centuries. By 1500, Europe was beginning to emerge from these demographic disasters, and populations began to explode. Seville, which was home to 60,000 people in 1500 burgeoned to 150,000 by the end of the century. There was a substantial movement to the cities of Spain to capitalize on new opportunities as shipbuilders and merchants to service Spain's impressive and growing empire. The 16th century was a time of development in Spain as both agriculture and trade burgeoned. Throughout the harsh interior of Castile grain and wool production grew. The former fed an expansion of the population. The latter fed both local textile manufacturing and a lucrative trade with the Netherlands. The Castilian cities of Burgos, Segovia, Cuenca and Toledo, flourished with the expansion of the textile and metallurgical industries. Santander, on the northern Atlantic coast, grew in wealth from its traditional rol...

    The Spanish Golden Age was a flourishing period of arts and letters in Spain which spanned roughly from 1550 to 1650. Some of the outstanding figures of the period were El Greco, Diego Velázquez, Miguel de Cervantes, and Pedro Calderón de la Barca. El Greco was a Greek painter whose dramatic and expressionistic style was met with puzzlement by his contemporaries but found appreciation in the 20th century. Velázquez's work became a model for 19th century realist and impressionist painters. Cervantes and de la Barca were both writers; Don Quixote de la Mancha, by Cervantes, is one of the most famous works of the period and probably the best-known piece of Spanish literature of all time. It is a parody of the romantic, chivalric aspects of knighthood and a criticism of contemporary social structures and societal norms. Juana Inés de la Cruz, the last great writer of this golden age, died in New Spainin 1695. This period also saw a flourishing in intellectual activity, now known as the...

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