The Spanish Empire (Spanish: Imperio Español; Latin: Imperium Hispanicum), historically known as the Hispanic Monarchy (Spanish: Monarquía Hispánica), the Catholic Monarchy (Spanish: Monarquía Católica) or as the Universal Catholic Monarchy (Spanish: Monarquía Católica Universal) was composed of kingdoms, vice-royalties, provinces and other territories ruled or administered by Spain and ...
The First French Empire, officially the French Republic (until 1809) then the French Empire ( French: Empire Français; Latin: Imperium Francicum ), was the empire ruled by Napoleon Bonaparte, who established French hegemony over much of continental Europe at the beginning of the 19th century. It lasted from 18 May 1804 to 11 April 1814 and ...
S. Silver mining in the Spanish Empire (8 P) Spanish colonial officials (3 C, 3 P) Spanish colonization of the Americas (38 C, 218 P, 1 F) Spanish conquest of the Canary Islands (11 P) Spanish East Indies (5 C, 42 P) Spanish exploration in the Age of Discovery (5 C, 36 P)
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The Spanish Empire was the first global empire in world history and was scattered all over the world. It was constantly fighting with other powers about territories, trade, or religion. For example, the Spanish Empire fought: 1. In the Mediterranean against the Ottoman Empirethat threatened Europe and supported Barbary piracy in the Mediterranean. 2. Against France, due to the ItalianWars and rival attempts to take the prosperous Italian states. 3. In the American Revolutionary War 4. Against Protestant Leagues in Germany 5. Against the Dutch Republic, in the Eighty Years' War 6. Against England due to many reasons over the course of centuries, Britain became a protestant nation since Henry VIII and began a persecution of Catholics continued by his daughter Elizabeth I. The English also helped the Dutch Republic rebels. These efforts culminated in the Spanish Armada. Over the years the British tried to take rich places in the Spanish Americas, succeeding in some cases such as Jamaic...
Spain kept control of two colonies in its empire in America: Cuba and Puerto Rico. It also held onto the Philippines and some preserved islands in Oceania, including the Caroline Islands (including the Palau Islands) and the Marianas (including Guam). However, when Spain lost the Spanish-American War of 1898, it lost almost all of these last territories. Spain kept control only of small islands of Oceania (not including Guam). Spain sold these islands to Germanyin 1899 . Spain still kept territories in Africa. Spain controlled Morocco, Western Sahara, and Equatorial Guinea, until decolonization in the 1960s and 1970s. The last colony to gain independence was the Western Sahara, in 1975.
The Spanish Empire generally means Spain's overseas provinces in the Americas, Africa, the Pacific and Europe. For instance, traditionally, territiories such as the Low Countries or Spanish Netherlands were included as they were part of the possessions of the King of Spain, governed by Spanish officials and defended by Spanish troops. Many historians use both "Habsburg" and "Spanish" when they speak of the empire of Charles V or Philip II. However, the Low Countries were effectively part of Spain during that period. The Portuguese colonial empire joined Spain and was ruled by the same monarch in "personal union", but Portugal remained a separate state. The Portuguese empire continued to be ruled from Lisbonduring this period. Therefore, there was a joint Spanish-Portuguese rule for some time. These jointly run empires have sometimes been called the Spanish-Portuguese Empire. The 1469 marriage of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile created a dynastic union of Aragon and...
The Spanish language and the Roman Catholic Church were brought to the Americas and to the Spanish East Indies (Federated States of Micronesia, Guam, Marianas, Palau and the Philippines) by the Spanish colonization which began in the 15th century. Together with the Portuguese empire, the Spanish empire laid the foundations of a globalisedtrade and culture by opening up the great trans-oceanic trade routes. The laws of the Indies regulated social, political and economic life in the Americas over centuries to protect the indigenous native people of the Americas which started a miscegenation process that other "so called" "Empires" never reached. the mix between Spaniards, Native Americans and Black people could be seen nowadays in most of the countries that became part of that Universal Catholic Spanish Monarchy also called Spanish Empire. The Spanish monarchy or the Spanish Empire never created "Colonies" but Viceroyalties or Overseas provinces. The Spanish Empire left a huge cultura...Archer, Christon; Ferris, John R.; et al (2008). World History of Warfare. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 978-0803219410Armstrong, Edward (1902). The emperor Charles V. New York: The Macmillan Company. ASIN B012DESOAIBlack, Jeremy (1996). The Cambridge illustrated atlas of warfare: Renaissance to revolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-47033-1Braudel, Fernand (1972). The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II, Vol. I. Translated by Siân Reynolds. New York: Harper & Row. ISBN 978-0060104528Library of Iberian Resources Online, Stanley G Payne A History of Spain and Portugalvol 1 Ch 13 "The Spanish Empire"The Mestizo-Mexicano-Indian History in the USA Archived 1996-12-26 at Archive.todayDocumentary Film, Villa de Albuquerque Archived 2007-12-23 at the Wayback MachineThe last Spanish colonies (in Spanish) Archived 2009-10-25 at WebCite
Subcategories. This category has the following 57 subcategories, out of 57 total. Disestablishments in the Spanish Empire by decade (32 C)
Maracaibo Province or Maracaybo Province from 1676 to 1824 was a province of the Spanish Empire. It resulted from a merger of the former Province of Mérida (1622 - 1676) with the territory of Maracaibo . In 1777 Captaincy General of Venezuela was created and the province was part of it. In 1786 Barinas Province was created from western parts ...
view • edit Spanish Empire is a formerly country of character, CountryHumans, an empire that existed from 1492 to 1898. It should be noted that the Spanish Empire has been ruled by foreign rulers, highlighting Austria and Germany (by the House of Hapsburg of the Holy Roman Empire), France (by the House of Bourbon of the Kingdom of France and the House of Bonaparte of the First French Empire ...
As the French empire in North America grew, the French also began to build a smaller but more profitable empire in the West Indies.Settlement along the South American coast in what is today French Guiana began in 1624, and a colony was founded on Saint Kitts in 1625 (the island had to be shared with the English until the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713, when it was ceded outright).
An empire is a sovereign state made up of several territories and peoples subject to a single ruling authority, often an emperor. A state can become an empire either by a narrow definition through having an emperor and being named as such, or by a broad definition as stated above as an aggregate territory under the rule of supreme authorities such as the Roman Empire.