Yahoo Web Search

  1. Spanish Empire - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Spanish_Empire

    The Spanish Empire (Spanish: Imperio Español; Latin: Imperium Hispanicum), historically known as the Hispanic Monarchy (Spanish: Monarquía Hispánica), the Catholic Monarchy (Spanish: Monarquía Católica) or as the Universal Catholic Monarchy (Spanish: Monarquía Católica Universal) was composed of kingdoms, vice-royalties, provinces and other territories ruled or administered by Spain and ...

  2. Spanish Empire - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › Spanish_Empire
    • Colonization
    • Decolonization
    • Definition
    • Results Till Today
    • Related Pages
    • References
    • Other Websites

    The Spanish Empire was the first global empire in world history and was scattered all over the world. It was constantly fighting with other powers about territories, trade, or religion. For example, the Spanish Empire fought: 1. In the Mediterranean against the Ottoman Empirethat threatened Europe and supported Barbary piracy in the Mediterranean. 2. Against France, due to the ItalianWars and rival attempts to take the prosperous Italian states. 3. In the American Revolutionary War 4. Against Protestant Leagues in Germany 5. Against the Dutch Republic, in the Eighty Years' War 6. Against England due to many reasons over the course of centuries, Britain became a protestant nation since Henry VIII and began a persecution of Catholics continued by his daughter Elizabeth I. The English also helped the Dutch Republic rebels. These efforts culminated in the Spanish Armada. Over the years the British tried to take rich places in the Spanish Americas, succeeding in some cases such as Jamaic...

    Spain kept control of two colonies in its empire in America: Cuba and Puerto Rico. It also held onto the Philippines and some preserved islands in Oceania, including the Caroline Islands (including the Palau Islands) and the Marianas (including Guam). However, when Spain lost the Spanish-American War of 1898, it lost almost all of these last territories. Spain kept control only of small islands of Oceania (not including Guam). Spain sold these islands to Germanyin 1899 . Spain still kept territories in Africa. Spain controlled Morocco, Western Sahara, and Equatorial Guinea, until decolonization in the 1960s and 1970s. The last colony to gain independence was the Western Sahara, in 1975.

    The Spanish Empire generally means Spain's overseas provinces in the Americas, Africa, the Pacific and Europe. For instance, traditionally, territiories such as the Low Countries or Spanish Netherlands were included as they were part of the possessions of the King of Spain, governed by Spanish officials and defended by Spanish troops. Many historians use both "Habsburg" and "Spanish" when they speak of the empire of Charles V or Philip II. However, the Low Countries were effectively part of Spain during that period. The Portuguese colonial empire joined Spain and was ruled by the same monarch in "personal union", but Portugal remained a separate state. The Portuguese empire continued to be ruled from Lisbonduring this period. Therefore, there was a joint Spanish-Portuguese rule for some time. These jointly run empires have sometimes been called the Spanish-Portuguese Empire. The 1469 marriage of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile created a dynastic union of Aragon and...

    The Spanish language and the Roman Catholic Church were brought to the Americas and to the Spanish East Indies (Federated States of Micronesia, Guam, Marianas, Palau and the Philippines) by the Spanish colonization which began in the 15th century. Together with the Portuguese empire, the Spanish empire laid the foundations of a globalisedtrade and culture by opening up the great trans-oceanic trade routes. The laws of the Indies regulated social, political and economic life in the Americas over centuries to protect the indigenous native people of the Americas which started a miscegenation process that other "so called" "Empires" never reached. the mix between Spaniards, Native Americans and Black people could be seen nowadays in most of the countries that became part of that Universal Catholic Spanish Monarchy also called Spanish Empire. The Spanish monarchy or the Spanish Empire never created "Colonies" but Viceroyalties or Overseas provinces. The Spanish Empire left a huge cultura...

    Archer, Christon; Ferris, John R.; et al (2008). World History of Warfare. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 978-0803219410
    Armstrong, Edward (1902). The emperor Charles V. New York: The Macmillan Company. ASIN B012DESOAI
    Black, Jeremy (1996). The Cambridge illustrated atlas of warfare: Renaissance to revolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-47033-1
    Braudel, Fernand (1972). The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II, Vol. I. Translated by Siân Reynolds. New York: Harper & Row. ISBN 978-0060104528
    Library of Iberian Resources Online, Stanley G Payne A History of Spain and Portugalvol 1 Ch 13 "The Spanish Empire"
    The Mestizo-Mexicano-Indian History in the USA Archived 1996-12-26 at Archive.today
    Documentary Film, Villa de Albuquerque Archived 2007-12-23 at the Wayback Machine
    The last Spanish colonies (in Spanish) Archived 2009-10-25 at WebCite
    • Monarchy
    • Spanish
  3. People also ask

    What was the name of the Roman province of Hispania?

    What was the official language of Rome in Hispania?

    What was the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula?

    What was the name of the Roman Empire in the east?

  4. Hispania - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Hispania

    Hispania was the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula and its provinces. Under the Roman Republic, Hispania was divided into two provinces: Hispania Citerior and Hispania Ulterior. During the Principate, Hispania Ulterior was divided into two new provinces, Baetica and Lusitania, while Hispania Citerior was renamed Hispania Tarraconensis. Subsequently, the western part of Tarraconensis was split off, first as Hispania Nova, later renamed "Callaecia". From Diocletian's Tetrarchy onwards, the sout

  5. Spania - Wikipedia

    ro.wikipedia.org › wiki › Spania
    • Etimologie
    • Istorie
    • Geografie
    • Frontiere
    • Demografie
    • Politică
    • Economie
    • Cultură
    • Diverse Subiecte
    • Legături Externe

    Numele „Spania” este derivat din „Hispania”, numele în latină cu care romanii se refereau la toată peninsula, și pe care l-au preluat din grecul „Hispanía” (accent pe „i”, ca și în cazul „României”), utilizat de către Artemidor din Efes (secolul I î.Hr.), autorul celei mai vechi hărți a Occidentului, în care descrie amănunțit Hispania romană. Originea termenului „Hispania” este atribuit fenicienilor, prima civilizație non-iberică, care a ajuns în peninsulă pentru a-și extinde comerțul și care a fondat, între altele, orașul activ cel mai vechi din Occident. În limba lor punică l-au numit Isephanim, „Coastă de iepuri”. Iepurii se găseau și încă se găsesc în abundență în Andaluzia, iar unele monede bătute în epoca lui Hadrianreprezentau personificarea Hispaniei ca o doamnă așezată, cu un iepure la picioarele ei.

    Începând cu secol IX î.Hr., celții, fenicienii, grecii și cartaginezii au intrat în Peninsula Iberică, urmați de Republica Romană, care a ajuns în secolul II î.Hr.. Limba de acum a Spaniei, religia și sistemul juridic dăinuie din perioada romană. Cucerită de vizigoți în secolul V d. Hr. și atacată de mai multe ori în 711 de maurii nord-africani islamici, Spania modernă a început să se formeze după Reconquista, eforturile de a-i elimina pe mauri, care au rămas aici până în 1492. În 1478 Regina Elisabeta I a Castiliei a întărit inchiziția spaniolă, instituție interzisă abia în 1834, în timpul domniei Elisabetei a II-a. În 1492 a fost finanțată prima călătorie pe Atlantic a lui Cristofor Columb, spre "Lumea Nouă". Până în 1512, unificarea Spaniei din zilele noastre a fost completă. Totuși, proiectul monarhilor castilieni a fost de a unifica întreaga Iberie, iar acest vis a părut aproape îndeplinit, când Filip al II-lea a devenit rege al Portugaliei în 1580, și al celorlalte regate iber...

    Teritoriul de bază al Spaniei este dominat de platouri înalte și de lanțuri muntoase ca și Pirineii și Sierra Nevada. Din acești munți izvorăsc mai multe râuri importante, precum Tagus, Ebro, Duero, Guadiana și Guadalquivir. De-a lungul coastelor se găsesc câmpii aluvionare, din care cea mai mare este Guadalquivir în Andaluzia. Spania se învecinează la est cu Marea Mediterană (conținând Insulele Baleare), la vest cu Oceanul Atlantic, unde se găsesc, pe coasta Africană, Insulele Canare.

    Spania are un total de 2.032 km de frontiere terestre cu alte țări, aceasta fiind consecința amplasării sale geografice în sud-vest al continentului european. Spania împărtășește cea mai lungă frontieră cu Portugalia, numită La Raya (portugheză A Raia) — ea are o lungime de 1.292 km. Cea mai scurtă frontieră este cu Gibraltar, având doar 1,2 km. Totalul frontierelor maritime este mai mare. Se estimează că Spania are aproape 7.880 km de coaste. Acesta se datorează mulțimii de insule, precum Baleare (1.428 km de coaste) sau Canare(1.583 km de coaste).

    Se poate spune că Spania este compusă din multe nații dar a adoptat cultura castiliană ca să fie cea spaniolă, deși există o creștere a recunoașterii a altor naționalități înăuntrul țării, ca și a celei baște. Numărul imigranților în Spania a explodat în ultimii zece ani, ajungând de la 500.000 în 1996 la circa 4,5 milioane în 2008, la o populație de 45 de milioane. În această perioadă, țara a cunoscut o creștere economică puternică. În 2007 Spania a avut oficial 45,2 de milioane de locuitori.. Densitatea populației în Spania este de 89,6 loc./km², fiind mai scăzută decât în alte țări ale Europei Occidentale, iar distribuția ei este foarte disproporționată. Majoritatea populației locuiește pe lângă coastă, Comunitatea Madrilenăfiind unica excepție. Populația Spaniei s-a dublat în timpul secolului XX datorită exploziei demografice din anii '60 și '70. Schema creșterii a fost extrem de neregulată, din cauza migrațiilor interne între sate și orașele principale. Se presupune că 11 din 5...

    Spania este o monarhie constituțională, cu o monarhie ereditară și cu un parlament bicameral, Cortes Generales sau Adunarea Națională. Puterea executivă consistă din Consiliul de Miniștri prezidat de Președintele Guvernului (asemănător unui prim ministru), propus de monarh și ales de către Adunarea Națională după alegerile legislative. Puterea legislativă este formată din Congresul Deputaților (Congreso de los Diputados) cu 350 de membri, aleși prin vot popular pe liste-bloc, prin reprezentarea proporțională, destinați să servească timp de patru ani, și un Senat sau Senadocu 259 de locuri din care 208 formate din aleși direcți pe baza votului popular și ceilalți 51 trimiși de legislaturile locale pentru a servi tot timp de patru ani. În 2003, Spania discută cu Regatul Unit despre Gibraltar, o mică peninsulă care și-a schimbat posesorul în timpul Războiului Spaniol de Succesiune în 1714. Discuțiile se referă la împărțirea suveranității asupra peninsulei, subiect al unui referendum co...

    Economia capitalistă mixtă a Spaniei suportă un PIB care pe o bază per capita reprezintă 80% din cel al economiilor vest-europene. Guvernul său de centru-dreapta a lucrat cu succes pentru a câștiga aderarea la primul grup de țări ce au lansat moneda unică europeană pe 1 ianuarie, 1999. Administrația lui Jose Maria Aznar a continuat să susțină liberalizarea, privatizarea, și dereglementarea economiei și a introdus unele reforme pentru taxe în final. Șomajul a scăzut vizibil sub administrația lui Aznar, dar rămâne una din cele mai mari rate din Uniunea Europeană, la 13%. Guvernul încearcă să facă progrese viitoare în schimbarea legilor de munca și reformare schemelor de pensie, care sunt cheia susținerii atât a avansării economiei interne a Spaniei, cât și a competitivității externe într-un mediu cu o monedă unică. Spania este cea de-a doua destinație turistică din lume și are 105 de aeroporturi. Ocupă locul 3 în Europa și locul 7 în lume în ceea ce privește industria constructoare de...

    • 1,04 %
    • Teide (3.718 m)
  6. Roman Empire - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Roman_empire

    The Roman Empire (Latin: Imperium Rōmānum [ɪmˈpɛri.ũː roːˈmaːnũː] ; Koinē Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων , romanized: Basileía tôn Rhōmaíōn) was the post- Republican period of ancient Rome . As a polity it included large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe , Northern Africa , and Western Asia ruled by emperors . From the accession of ...

  7. Evacuation of La Romana's division - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Evacuation_of_the_La

    The Evacuation of La Romana's division in August 1808 was a military operation in which a division of troops belonging to the Kingdom of Spain and commanded by Pedro Caro, 3rd Marquis of la Romana defected from the armies of the First French Empire. The Spanish troops were part of the Imperial forces in Denmark, which were under the leadership of Marshal Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte. Most of the Spanish troops were successfully spirited away by the British navy and shipped to Santander, Spain to fig

  8. Talk:Spanish Empire - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Talk:Spanish_Empire
    • Flag
    • Move Section on Society in Spanish America to Colonial Spanish America?
    • The Map of The Spanish Empire in The 18th Century Showing The Netherlands in Red
    • Spanish Empire Map Including Portuguese Empire
    • Use of "Moor" Or "Moorish"

    I think I would remove the red-yellow-red flag. It seems strange to show a flag with Eagle of Saint John right next to the Cross of Burgundy when they were two radically different states with massive differences in landmass (not to mention Francoist Spainhas an article of its own). It is true that Spain had some pockets of territory in North Africa but I don't think Spain was considered an "empire" at the time just like the UK isn't considered an Empire anymore despite it holding overseas territories. Another possibility is using a red-yellow-red flag, no eagle since the coat of arms changed multiple times in the 19th century. I'm not used to writing English so I hope I'm explaining myself alright. Regards Alcismo (talk) 21:48, 4 June 2020 (UTC)

    I think this section would fit better in the Colonial Spanish America article, but I would like to hear feedback about doing that.Amuseclio (talk) 03:27, 8 August 2020 (UTC)Amuseclio 1. I would delete it altogether. It looks like a bunch of baloney to me. Frijolesconqueso (talk) 17:27, 16 November 2020 (UTC)

    I'm removing it since it is wrong. The Netherlands were not part of the Spanish empire in the 18th century and it is likely to anger any Dutch person who sees it. There is one individual wikipedian here pushing for its inclusion with no real argument beyond "seek consensus on talk. Beyond that, no reason for a factually incorrect map to be shown here, unless an argument in favor is provided. --Frijolesconqueso (talk) 14:08, 19 November 2020 (UTC) 1. @Frijolesconqueso: this is not how consensus works, you can't simply write something in the talk page and then delete the edition just because you want. You have to wait for other opinions. Anyways, you are deleting a map that has been there at least over the past half year. Look at this June 2020 edit, the map was there: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spanish_Empire&diff=962218339&oldid=961841124 I really doubt anyone would care to be "angry" just because of a simple map, and the map shows the Spanish Empire during the 18th...

    Writing this because someone reverted my edit without an explanation as to why. As I was saying, the Spanish never set foot on any of the Portuguese colonies, there was no Kingdom of Spain at the time of the Iberian Union, nor kingdom of Portugal, there was a union of both kingdoms. That map is misrepresentative of the Spanish Empire. By including this map you are implying the Iberian Union was Spain, which was not. We could as far as to include continental Portugal or the Azores there, as the Spanish did invade those areas, but never the Portuguese colonies as they were still managed by Portugal at the time of the Union and were never contacted (aka colonized) by the Spanish. In each of those blue areas there is zero Spanish influence. I know it says Monarchy but putting that as the main map of the Spanish Empire is nowhere near accurate. Even on the list of largest empires, the Iberian Union counts as an empire itself, not related to the Portuguese or Spanish Empires. This is a gr...

    I reverted an edit that replaced "Moorish" with "Nasrid" and "moors" with "Arabs", with an edit summary stating that "'Moors' is insult". Neither "Nasrid", which is the name of a dynasty, nor "Arab" are equivalent to "Moor" or "Moorish". The article Moorsstates in the lead: While I understand that "Moor", in a wider sense, is considered derogatory, I do not believe that, in the context of this article, one can simply replace "Moor" or "Moorish" with "Arab", or the name of a dynasty beyond the context of that dynasty's rule. Open for discussion is what to call the Moslems of the Magreb and the Moslem-ruled states of Iberia, whether they are of Arabic, Berber, or Iberian descent. - Donald Albury17:01, 2 May 2021 (UTC)

  9. Template:Spanish Empire - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Template:Spanish_Empire

    Great Potosí Mint Fraud of 1649. Initial visibility: currently defaults to autocollapse. To set this template's initial visibility, the |state= parameter may be used: |state=collapsed: { {Spanish Empire|state=collapsed}} to show the template collapsed, i.e., hidden apart from its title bar. |state=expanded: { {Spanish Empire|state=expanded ...

  10. Peninsular War - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › War_of_Spanish_Independence

    Meanwhile, the British had made a substantial contribution to the Spanish cause by helping to evacuate some 9,000 men of La Romana's Division of the North from Denmark. In August 1808, the British Baltic fleet helped transport the Spanish division , except three regiments that failed to escape, back to Spain by way of Gothenburg in Sweden.

  11. People also search for