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The timeline of events of the Spanish–American War covers major events leading up to, during, and concluding the Spanish–American War, a ten-week conflict in 1898 between Spain and the United States of America.
- April 25, 1898 – August 12, 1898, (3 months, 2 weeks and 4 days)
- Treaty of Paris, American victory, Protectorate over Cuba, Decline of the Spanish Empire, Generation of '98, Outbreak of the Philippine–American War
Spanish-American War The USS New York bombarding Spanish shore positions in Cuba, July 1, 1898. Detroit Publishing Company Photograph Collection/Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. In the Battle of Santiago in Cuba, U.S. forces complete their assault on San Juan Ridge by capturing its highest point, San Juan Hill.
January 23, 1899: Philippines declares itself an independent republic Led by Emilio Aguinaldo, the self-declared Filipino government fights a guerilla war against the US that lasts longer than the Spanish-American War itself. February 6, 1899: the Treaty of Paris passes in the Senate 1900: Foraker Act Some self-government allowed in Puerto Rico.
- Causes: Remember the Maine! The war originated in the Cuban struggle for independence from Spain, which began in February 1895. Spain’s brutally repressive measures to halt the rebellion were graphically portrayed for the U.S. public by several sensational newspapers engaging in yellow journalism, and American sympathy for the Cuban rebels rose.
- War Is Declared. Spain announced an armistice on April 9 and speeded up its new program to grant Cuba limited powers of self-government. But the U.S. Congress soon afterward issued resolutions that declared Cuba’s right to independence, demanded the withdrawal of Spain’s armed forces from the island, and authorized the use of force by President William McKinley to secure that withdrawal while renouncing any U.S. design for annexing Cuba.
- Spanish-American War Begins. The ensuing war was pathetically one-sided, since Spain had readied neither its army nor its navy for a distant war with the formidable power of the United States.
- Treaty of Paris. The Treaty of Paris ending the Spanish-American War was signed on December 10, 1898. In it, Spain renounced all claim to Cuba, ceded Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States and transferred sovereignty over the Philippines to the United States for $20 million.
10 October Carlos M. Céspedes issued the Grito de Yara and initiated the Ten Years' War in Cuba (1868-1878), the independence movement that served as the forerunner of the 1895 Insurrection and the Spanish American War.
March Publication in Berlin, Germany, of Noli Me Tangere (Touch Me Not) by José Rizal, the Philippines' most illustrious son, awakened Filipino national consciousness.
U.S. foreign policy is influenced by Alfred T. Mahan who wrote The Influence of Sea Power upon history, 1600-1783, which advocated the taking of the Caribbean Islands, Hawaii, and the Philippine Islands for bases to protect U.S. commerce, the building of a canal to enable fleet movement from ocean to ocean and the building of the Great White fleet of steam-driven armor plated battleships.
5 January José Julián Martí y Pérez formed El Partido Revolucionario Cubano(Cuban Revolutionary party). This Cuban political party was organized first in New York City and Philadelphia and soon spread to Tampa and Key West, Florida. 3 July La Liga Filipina, a political action group that sought reforms in the Spanish administration of the Philippines by peaceful means, was launched formally at a Tondo meeting by José Rizal upon his return to the Philippines from Europe and Hong Kong in June 1892. Rizal's arrest three days later for possessing anti-friar bills and eventual banishment to Dapitan directly led to the demise of the Ligaa year or so later. 7 July Andrés Bonifacio formed the Katipunan, a secret, nationalistic fraternal brotherhood founded to bring about Filipino independence through armed revolution, at Manila. Bonifacio, an illiterate warehouse worker, believed that the Ligawas ineffective and too slow in bringing about the desired changes in government, and decided that o...
24 February Cuban independence movement (Ejército Libertador de Cuba) issued in the Grito de Baire, declaring Independencia o muerte(Independence or death), as the revolutionary movement in Cuba began. It was quelled by Spanish authorities that same day. 10 April José Martí and Máximo Gómez Baez returned to Cuba to fight for independence; Gómez was to serve as military leader of the new revolution. The Cuban Revolutionary party (El Partido Revolucionario Cubano) in New York worked tirelessly for revolution, inspired by José Martí and maintained by various voices for Revolution. 12 June U.S. President Clevelandissues proclamation of neutrality in the Cuban Insurrection.
16 February Spain begins reconcentration policy in Cuba. 28 February The U.S. Senate recognized Cuban belligerency with overwhelming passage of the joint John T. Morgan/Donald Cameron resolution calling for recognition of Cuban belligerency and Cuban independence. This resolution signaled to President Cleveland and Secretary of State Richard Olney that the Cuban crisis needed attention. 2 March The U.S. House of Representatives passed decisively its own version of the Morgan-Cameron Resolution which called for the recognition of Cuban belligerency. 9 August Great Britain foils Spain's attempt to obtain European support for Spanish policies in Cuba. 26 August Grito de Balintawakbegins the Philippine Revolution. 7 December President Cleveland says that the United States may take action in Cuba if Spain fails to resolve crisis there.
19 January Both William Randolph Hearst's New York Journal and Joseph Pulitzer's New York World, through its sensational reporting on the Cuban Insurrection, helped strengthen anti-Spanish sentiment in the United States. On this date the execution of Cuban rebel Adolfo Rodríguez by a Spanish firing squad, was reported in the article "Death of Rodríguez" in the New York Journal by Richard Harding Davis. On October 8, 1897, Karl Decker of the New York Journalreported on the rescue of Cuban Evangelina Cisneros from a prison on the Isle of Pines. 4 March U.S. President William McKinleyinaugurated. March Theodore Roosevelt was appointed assistant U.S. Secretary of the Navy. Emilio Aguinaldowas elected president of the new republic of the Philippines; Andrés Bonifacio was demoted to the director of the interior. 25 April General Fernando Primo de Rivera y Sobremonte became governor-general of the Philippines, replacing General Camilo García de Polavieja; his adjutant was Miguel Primo de R...
1 January Spain grants limited autonomy to Cuba. 8 February Spain's ambassador to the U.S., Enrique Dupuy de Lôme, resigned. 9 February Pulitzer-owned New York Journalpublishes Spanish Minister Enrique Dupuy de Lóme's letter criticizing President McKinley. 14 February Luís Polo de Bernabé named Minister of Spain in Washington. 15 February U.S.S. Maineexplodes in Havana Harbor. 3 March Governor-General of the Philippine Islands Fernando Primo de Rivera informed Spanish minister for the colonies Segismundo Moret y Prendergast that Commodore George Deweyhad received orders to move on Manila. 9 March U.S. Congress passes Fifty Million Bill to strengthen military. 17 March U.S. Senator Redfield Proctor (R-Vt.) influences Congress and U.S. business community in favor of war with Spain. 19 March The battleship U.S.S. Oregonleft the port of San Francisco, California on its famous voyage to the Caribbean Sea and Cuban waters. 28 March Report of U.S. Naval Court of Inquiry finds U.S.S. Mainee...
1 January Emilio Aguinaldowas declared president of the new Philippine Republic, following the meeting of a constitutional convention. United States authorities refused to recognize the new government. Spanish forces left Cuba. 17 January U.S. claims Wake Island for use in cable link to Philippines. U.S. Commander Edward Taussig, U.S.S. Bennington, landed on the island and claimed it for the United States. 21 January The constitution of the Philippine Republic, the Malolos Constitution, was promulgated by the followers of Emilio Aguinaldo. 4 February The Philippine Insurrection began as the Philippine Republic declared war on the United States forces in the Philippine Islands, following the killing of three Filipino soldiers by U.S. forces in a suburb of Manila. 6 February U.S. Senate ratified the Treaty of Paris by a vote of 52 to 27. 19 March The Queen regent of Spain, María Cristina, signed the Treaty of Paris, breaking the deadlock in the Spanish Cortes. 11 April The Treaty of P...
23 March Led by General Frederick Funston, U.S. forces captured Emilio Aguinaldo on Palanan, Isabela Province. Later, he declared allegiance to the United States.
Spanish-American War Timeline Timeline Description: The Spanish-American War was a brief war between Spain and the United States in 1898. The U.S. victory results in the U.S. taking control of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines, while Cuba was permitted to be an independent nation.DateEventFebruary 1895Cuba fights for independence from Spain. As Cuba struggles to win its freedom from Spain, American newspapers publish sensational stories about the Spain's brutality toward the Cubans. Some Americans begin to call for the U.S. to get involved in the fight.February 15, 1898The U.S.S. Maine is sunk off the coast of Havana. The battleship the U.S.S. Maine explodes and sinks in a Havana harbor. The cause was not known, but many blame Spain.April 9, 1898Spain announces an armistice with Cuba. Spain agrees to an armistice, which will halt the fighting with Cuba. However, Spain only agrees to allow Cuba to have limited self-government and the U.S. Congress gives President William McKinley the right to use force against Spain.April 11, 1898President McKinley reluctantly asks Congress to declare war on Spain. Even though McKinley hoped to avoid war, he asks Congress to declare war on Spain. McKinley is pressured by American newspapers that call him a weak president for not standing up to Spain.
A Timeline of the Spanish American War, including the loss of the Maine, and actions in Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines Spanish American War Chronology (Send us any dates you feel we need to add!
Causes of the Spanish American War The Spanish empire had an early stake in the development of the new world. Their contacts with both its northern and southern continents during the 15th and 16th century’s age of exploration left a lasting footprint affecting generations of Americans.DateEvents Leading to Spanish American War1800Spain transfers title to Louisiana territories to France in a coerced receding act, but continues to administer and prohibits free navigation of Mississippi River preventing excess crops reaching the New Orleans market.1801France reverses Spanish policy and opens up Mississippi River.1803Napoleon accepts 15 million dollar offer from President Jefferson for the Louisiana territory and Spain’s interest limited to Texas territory. The Spanish retain suspicions about United States designs on Spanish territory.1805President Jefferson sends secret delegation to Cuba to negotiate with Spain to purchase Cuba. Jefferson believes that Cuba has a strategic location that would protect U.S. Plan, not effected, and is supported by slave interests in U.S. south because Cuba recognizes slavery.
Spanish-American War Timeline - Major Battles For three months and three weeks in 1898, the United States battled Spain in a war that effectively ended the Spanish Empire while simultaneously establishing a position in the Caribbean and the Pacific for the United States colonial empire. Yes, we kinda have and had one.