The timeline of events of the Spanish–American War covers major events leading up to, during, and concluding the Spanish–American War, a ten-week conflict in 1898 between Spain and the United States of America. The conflict had its roots in the worsening socio-economic and military position of Spain after the Peninsular War, the growing ...
- April 25, 1898 – August 12, 1898, (3 months, 2 weeks and 4 days)
- Treaty of Paris, American victory, Protectorate over Cuba, Decline of the Spanish Empire, Generation of '98, Outbreak of the Philippine–American War
The Spanish–American War was the first U.S. war in which the motion picture camera played a role. The Library of Congress archives contain many films and film clips from the war.  In addition, a few feature films have been made about the war.
- April 21 – August 13, 1898, (3 months, 3 weeks and 2 days)
- American victoryTreaty of Paris of 1898Founding of the First Philippine Republic and beginning of the Philippine–American War
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The United Spanish War Veterans formed a permanent organization in Cleveland and soon built up a substantial membership. Under the direction of Maj. Otto M. Schade, the first commander, the organization's activities flourished. As late as the 1940s, there were 7 camps in the Cleveland area and a membership of 700.
Spanish-American War Timeline Timeline Description: The Spanish-American War was a brief war between Spain and the United States in 1898. The U.S. victory results in the U.S. taking control of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines, while Cuba was permitted to be an independent nation.
Apr 21, 2011 · Spanish-American War (1898), conflict between the United States and Spain that ended Spanish colonial rule in the Americas and resulted in U.S. acquisition of territories in the western Pacific and Latin America. The U.S. emerged from the war a world power, and Spain, ironically, experienced a cultural renaissance.
- Causes: Remember The Maine!
- War Is Declared
- Spanish-American War Begins
- Treaty of Paris
- Impact of The Spanish-American War
The war originated in the Cuban struggle for independence from Spain, which began in February 1895. Spain’s brutally repressive measures to halt the rebellion were graphically portrayed for the U.S. public by several sensational newspapers engaging in yellow journalism, and American sympathy for the Cuban rebels rose. The growing popular demand for U.S. intervention became an insistent chorus after the still-unexplained sinking in Havana harbor of the American battleship USS Maine, which had been sent to protect U.S. citizens and property after anti-Spanish rioting in Havana.
Spain announced an armistice on April 9 and speeded up its new program to grant Cuba limited powers of self-government. But the U.S. Congress soon afterward issued resolutions that declared Cuba’s right to independence, demanded the withdrawal of Spain’s armed forces from the island, and authorized the use of force by President William McKinleyto secure that withdrawal while renouncing any U.S. design for annexing Cuba. Spain declared war on the United States on April 24, followed by a U.S. declaration of war on the 25th, which was made retroactive to April 21.
The ensuing war was pathetically one-sided, since Spain had readied neither its army nor its navy for a distant war with the formidable power of the United States. In the early morning hours of May 1, 1898, Commodore George Dewey led a U.S. naval squadron into Manila Bay in the Philippines. He destroyed the anchored Spanish fleet in two hours before pausing the Battle of Manila Bayto order his crew a second breakfast. In total, fewer than 10 American seamen were lost, while Spanish losses were estimated at over 370. Manila itself was occupied by U.S. troops by August. The elusive Spanish Caribbean fleet under Adm. Pascual Cervera was located in Santiago harbor in Cuba by U.S. reconnaissance. An army of regular troops and volunteers under Gen. William Shafter (including then-secretary of the Navy Theodore Rooseveltand his 1st Volunteer Cavalry, the “Rough Riders”) landed on the coast east of Santiago and slowly advanced on the city in an effort to force Cervera’s fleet out of the har...
The Treaty of Paris ending the Spanish-American War was signed on December 10, 1898. In it, Spain renounced all claim to Cuba, ceded Guam and Puerto Ricoto the United States and transferred sovereignty over the Philippines to the United States for $20 million. Philippine insurgents who had fought against Spanish rule soon turned their guns against their new occupiers. The Philippine-American War began in February of 1899 and lasted until 1902. Ten times more U.S. troops died suppressing revolts in the Philippines than in defeating Spain.
The Spanish-American War was an important turning point in the history of both antagonists. Spain’s defeat decisively turned the nation’s attention away from its overseas colonial adventures and inward upon its domestic needs, a process that led to both a cultural and a literary renaissance and two decades of much-needed economic development in Spain. The victorious United States, on the other hand, emerged from the war a world power with far-flung overseas possessions and a new stake in international politics that would soon lead it to play a determining role in the affairs of Europe and the rest of the globe.
- Beginning Research
- Service Records
- Pension Records
- Casualty Records
- Cemetery Records
- Census Records
- Veterans Society Records
- State & Local
- Lineage Society Records
- Sources For Further Reading
Volunteers Below is an index to service records: 1. General Index to Compiled Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers Who Served during the War with Spain. National Archives Microfilm Publication M871. Indexed and published on FamilySearch 1. A wiki article describing the online collection is found at: 1. United States, Index to Service Records of Volunteer Soldiers in the War with Spain - FamilySearch Historical Records Individual state indexes are also available for: 1. Louisiana. National Archives Microfilm Publication M240 FHL film 0880013 2. North Carolina. National Archives Microfilm Publication M413 FHL films 0821907–8 The indexes list the soldier’s name, rank, and unit. Entries that refer to miscellaneous personal papers have no corresponding compiled service records. The papers themselves follow the jacket envelopes for most units. See the FamilySearch Catalog for complete information on film numbers. The service records of Florida have been microfilmed: 1. Compiled Service R...
Indexes 1. The General Index to Pension Filesis available online. The "General Index to Pension Files, 1861–1934" (NARA) T288. The index covers veterans of the Civil War, Spanish‑American War, Philippine Insurrection, Boxer Rebellion (1900 to 1901), and the regular Army, Navy, and Marine forces. 1. The Organization Index to Pension Filesis available online. The "Organization Index to Pension Files of Veterans Who Served Between 1861 and 1900" (NARA T289), also called the "Civil War Pension Index", lists Spanish‑American War veterans including Spanish‑American War nurses. Pension Records The pension records themselves are not on microfilm. Copies can be ordered from the National Archives. 1. See also Military Records: Pre-WWI Pension Applications (16 minute online video) FamilySearch Research Classes Online, 2010.
Regular Army Officers 1. The "Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army..." by Francis B. Heitman lists Regular Army and volunteer officers from 1789 to 1903 that were killed, wounded, or taken prisoner. See Vol.2 pp. 13-42.
Peterson, Clarence Stewart. Known Military Dead during the Spanish-American War and the Philippine Insurrection, 1898–1901. Baltimore: Clarence Stewart Peterson, 1958. (FHLbook 973 M23pc; fiche 6051242.) This work includes name, rank, company, regiment, and death date and place. 1. National Spanish American War Gravesite Recording Project 2. "Casualty List, Rough Riders, July 1 to 3, 1898. Attachment to Report of Operations" National Archives NAID 301979
1900 U.S. Federal Census The 1900 Federal Census(NARA T623) enumerated military personnel stationed overseas in places such as Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines. The census gives the soldier’s name, rank, place of residence in the United States, birth date and place, company, regiment, and branch of service. 1930 U.S. Federal Census The 1930 Federal Census askedif a person was "A veteran of the U.S. military or naval forces mobilized for any war or expedition" and "What war or expedition" they served in. 1940 U.S. Federal Census The 1940 Federal Censusasked "Is this person a veteran of the United States military forces or the wife, widow, or under 18-year-old child of a veteran?" and "If child, is veteran-father dead?" and "War or Military" served in. These were only asked of persons which were recorded on 2 of the 40 lines per page, which would have covered about five percent of the population.
The United Spanish War Veteranswas established in 1899. Its membership includes veterans with service in the Spanish-American War and the Philippine Insurrection to 4 July 1902. The following sources contain information on their members who were veterans of the two wars. 1. George G. Kane. The history of the United Spanish War veterans through national encampment memorabilia : the first 50 years, 1904-1954.(2005) FHL 973 M2kh
California 1. History, Department of California, 1908-1938, Auxiliary, United Spanish War Veterans... 2. History, Department of California, 1938-1954, Auxiliary, United Spanish War Veterans... 3. By-laws and roster of Theodore Roosevelt Camp No. 9 and Auxiliary No. 5Los Angeles, California : United Spanish War Veterans. Department of California, 1939] Kansas 1. Kansas, United Spanish War Veterans Reports of Deaths, 1945-1970 (Ancestry) ($) Kentucky 1. Proceedings of the stated convention of the 60th National Encampment, United Spanish War Veterans, Louisville, Kentucky August 31-September 4, 1958. January 15, 1959.Washington, D.C. : United States Government Printing Office, 1959 Michigan 1. United Spanish War Veterans Camp Index, ca. 1890–1984, FHL 6 rolls 2. United Spanish War Veterans Master Index, ca. 1890–1984, FHL 3 rolls New York 1. Index cards, M-Z, for New York County.Contains members of Manhattan Camp no. 1 Sgt. Hamilton Fish Camp no. 46, Defendam Camp no. 36, Col. Henry Hu...
Sons of Spanish American War Veterans 1. Sons of Spanish American War Veterans Daughters of '98 1. Daughters of 98Alger, Russell A. The Spanish-American War. (Freeport, New York: Books for Libraries Press, 1971).Chadwick, French E. The Relations of the U.S. and Spain: The Spanish-American War. (New York: C. Scribner's Sons, 1911).Dyal, Donald H. Historical Dictionary of the Spanish American War. (Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1996).Foner, Philip S. The Spanish-Cuban-American War and the Birth of American Imperialism, 1895-1902. (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1972).Freidel, Frank. The Splendid Little War. (Boston: Little, Brown and Co.,1958).Gabbert, Howard Markland. The Rough Riders: A Brief Study and Indexed Roster of the 1st Regiment U.S. Volunteer Cavalry 1898. (Tucson: Arizona State Genealogical Society, 1992). FHL book 973 M2grr.
Timeline of significant events related to the Spanish-American War (1898). The war lasted less than a year but resulted in the end of Spanish colonial rule in the Americas. Spain renounced all claim to Cuba and ceded Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines to the United States.