The Spanish–American War was the first U.S. war in which the motion picture camera played a role. The Library of Congress archives contain many films and film clips from the war.  In addition, a few feature films have been made about the war.
- April 21, 1898 – August 13, 1898, (3 months, 3 weeks and 2 days)
- American victoryTreaty of Paris of 1898Founding of the First Philippine Republic and beginning of the Philippine–American War
The Spanish–American War was a war fought between Spain and the United States of America in 1898. The war was fought in part because many people wanted Cuba, one of the last parts of the Spanish Empire, to become independent. Many Americans also wanted their country to get a colonial empire.
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The timeline of events of the Spanish–American War covers major events leading up to, during, and concluding the Spanish–American War, a ten-week conflict in 1898 between Spain and the United States of America.
- April 25, 1898 – August 12, 1898, (3 months, 2 weeks and 4 days)
- Treaty of Paris, American victory, Protectorate over Cuba, Decline of the Spanish Empire, Generation of '98, Outbreak of the Philippine–American War
Pages in category "Spanish–American War" The following 60 pages are in this category, out of 60 total. This list may not reflect recent changes ().
During the Spanish–American War, the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and United States Navy fought 30 significant battles against the Spanish Army and Spanish Navy. Of these, 27 occurred in the Caribbean theater and 3 in the Pacific theater.
The Second Army Corps was a unit of the United States Army raised for the Spanish–American War. A defining event of the Spanish–American War was the typhoid fever epidemic of July to November 1898. The Army consequently undertook a series of mass-retreats and attempted evasions.
The Fourth Army Corps was a unit of the United States Army raised for the Spanish–American War.After the declaration of war, General Order 36 of May 7, 1898 approved the organization of eight "army corps," each of which was to consist of three or more divisions of three brigades each.
- Declaration of War
- Theaters of Operation
- Peace Treaty
- Propaganda in The War
- Military Decorations
- Further Reading
- External Links
By the late nineteenth century Spain was left with only a few scattered possessions in the Pacific Ocean, Africa, and the West Indies. Much of the Spanish Empire had gained its independence and a number of the areas still under Spanish control were clamoring to do so. Guerrilla forces were operating in the Philippines, and had been present in Cuba since before the 1868-1878 Ten Years' War. The Spanish government did not have the financial resources or the personnel to deal with these revolts and resorted to forcibly emptying the countryside and the filling of the cities with concentration camps (in Cuba) to separate the rebels from their rural base of support. Many hundreds of thousands of Cubans died of starvation and disease in these circumstances - 200,000 alone in the more peaceful western Cuba. The Spaniards also carried out many executions of suspected rebels and harshly treated suspected sympathizers. The war saw both Cuban rebels and Spanish troops burning and destroying inf...
The main reason for the American declaration of war was Spain's inability to guarantee peace and stability in Cuba. Repeatedly promising to do better, little changed. The explosion of the Maine did not cause the war but it focused American attention on Cuba; the call was for an immediate solution. Spanish minister Práxedes Mateo Sagastadid try to compromise, including withdrawing obnoxious officials in Cuba, and making yet another proposal for Cuba's autonomy sometime in the future. President William McKinley and Speaker Thomas Reed were the leaders of the peace party in the U.S., but were overwhelmed by public opinion. The decisive event was probably the speech of Republican Senator Redfield Proctor in mid-March, thoroughly and calmly analyzing the situation and concluding war was the only answer. The business and religious communities, which had opposed war, now switched sides, leaving McKinley and Reed almost alone. Thus, on April 11, McKinley asked Congress for authority to send...
 The Philippines
1. For more on engagements in the Philippines, please see Philippine-American War, Philippine Revolution. The first battle was in the sea near the Philippines where, on May 1, 1898, Commodore George Dewey, commanding the United States Pacific fleet, in a matter of hours, defeated the Spanish squadron, under Admiral Patricio Montojo y Pasarón, without sustaining a casualty, at the Battle of Manila Bay. The success of the Pacific Fleet was due to the Spanish Navy being trapped in the bay. Meanw...
Theodore Roosevelt actively encouraged intervention in Cuba and, while assistant secretary of the Navy, placed the Navy on a war-time footing. He ordered Dewey and the Pacific fleet to the Philippines and he worked with Leonard Wood in convincing the Army to raise an all-volunteer regiment, the 1st U.S. Volunteer Cavalry. Wood was given command of the regiment that became quickly known as the "Rough Riders".
 Puerto Rico
During May 1898, Lt. Henry H. Whitney of the United States Fourth Artillery was sent to Puerto Rico on a reconnaissance mission, sponsored by the Army's Bureau of Military Intelligence. He provided maps and information on the Spanish military forces to the U.S. government prior to the invasion. On May 10 U.S. Navy warships were sighted off the coast of Puerto Rico. On May 12, a squadron of 12 U.S. ships commanded by Rear Adm. William T. Sampson bombarded San Juan, Puerto Rico. During the bomb...
With both fleets incapacitated, Spain sued for peace. Hostilities were halted on August 12. The formal peace treaty, the Treaty of Paris, was signed in Paris on December 10, 1898 and was ratified by the United States Senate on February 6, 1899. It came into force on April 11, 1899. Cubans participated only as observers. The United States gained almost all of Spain's colonies, including the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico. Cubawas granted independence, but the United States imposed various restrictions on the new government, including prohibiting alliances with other countries. On August 14, 1898, 11,000 ground troops were sent to occupy the Philippines. When U.S. troops began to take the place of the Spanish in control of the country, warfare broke out between U.S. forces and the Filipinos.
The war resulted in three territorial conquests for the U.S., tens of thousands of Spanish and Cuban killed before American intervention, and the deaths of perhaps a quarter of a million Filipinos . The Spanish-American War is significant in American history, as it saw the young nation emerge as a power on the world stage, though with a domain smaller than that of Britain or France. The war marked American entry into world affairs: over the course of the next century, the United States had a large hand in various conflicts around the world. The Panic of 1893was over by this point, and the United States entered a lengthy and prosperous period of high economic growth, population growth, and technological innovation which would last through the 1920s. The Spanish-American war marked the end of Spain as a superpower. The defeat paradoxically postponed the civil war that seemed imminent in 1898 and created a renaissance known as the Generation of 1898. The Spanish broke into civil war in...
Historians debate the extent to which propaganda--rather than true stories and actual events--caused the war. In the 1890s, while competing over readership of their newspapers in New York City, William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer’s yellow journalism are said to sway public opinionin New York City. They were not influential in the rest of the country. By appealing to the territoriality and ethnocentrism of readers, Hearst and Pulitzer had some influence over American opinion of the Spanish. The Spanish soldiers, portrayed as cruel and bloodthirsty, were accused of countless illegal and immoral acts. Allegations were made that innocent women were strip searched by callous troops, or taken prisoner and thrown into Cuban jails full of violent criminals. These images and stories invoked the public outcry that led to war. One of the most effective ways to rouse emotion was to portray the victimization of women, the most prominent being Evangelina Betancourt Cisneros. The articles...
In the United States, the Spanish-American War also saw its first resurgence since the Civil Warand the conflict saw the first wide scale recognition of individual acts of bravery by soldiers, marines, and sailors alike. The United States awards and decorations of the Spanish-American War were as follows: 1. Medal of Honor(Extreme Acts of Heroism or Bravery) 2. Specially Meritorious Service Medal(Navy and Marine Corps Meritorious Actions) 3. Spanish Campaign Medal(General Service) 4. West Indies Campaign Medal(West Indies Naval Service) 5. Sampson Medal(West Indies service under Admiral Sampson) 6. Dewey Medal(Battle of Manila Bay Service) 7. Spanish War Service Medal(U.S. Army Homeland Service) 8. Army of Puerto Rican Occupation Medal(Post-War Occupation Duty) 9. Army of Cuban Occupation Medal(Post-War Occupation Duty) The Spanish Campaign Medal was upgradeable to include the Silver Citation Starto recognize those U.S. Army members who had performed individual acts of heroism. The...
1. Benjamin R. Beede, ed. The War of 1898 and U.S. Interventions, 1898-1934(1994). an encyclopedia 2. Donald H. Dyal, Brian B. Carpenter, Mark A. Thomas; Historical Dictionary of the Spanish American WarGreenwood Press, 1996 3. Hendrickson, Kenneth E., Jr. The Spanish-American WarGreenwood, 2003. short summary
 Diplomacy and causes of the war
1. James C. Bradford , ed., Crucible of Empire: The Spanish-American War and Its Aftermath(1993), essays on diplomacy, naval and military operations, and historiography. 2. Lewis L. Gould, The Spanish-American War and President McKinley(1982) 3. Ernest R. May, Imperial Demoracy: The Emergence of America as a Great Power(1961) 4. Walter Millis, The Martial Spirit: A Study of Our War with Spain(1931) 5. H. Wayne Morgan, America's Road to Empire: The War with Spain and Overseas Expansion(1965) 6...
 The war
1. Donald Barr Chidsey, The Spanish American War ( New York, 1971) 2. Cirillo, Vincent J. Bullets and Bacilli: The Spanish-American War and Military Medicine2004. 3. Graham A. Cosmas, An Army for Empire: The United States Army and the Spanish-American War(1971) 4. Frank Freidel, The Splendid Little War(1958), well illustrated narrative by scholar 5. Allan Keller, The Spanish-American War: A Compact History1969 6. Gerald F. Linderman, The Mirror of War: American Society and the Spanish-America...