- related to: spanish-language wikipedia
Spanish (español (help · info)) or Castilian (/ k æ ˈ s t ɪ l i ə n / (), castellano (help · info)) is a Romance language that originated in the Iberian Peninsula of Europe. Today, it is a global language with nearly 500 million native speakers, mainly in Spain and the Americas.
The Spanish language was originally the language of Castile. When the Western Roman Empire collapsed, Latin changed in different ways in different provinces. The Latin spoken in the Iberian Peninsula developed into the Ibero-Romance language in the 6th century. Castilian and Portuguese became separate languages around the 12th century.
Spanish language radio is the largest non-English broadcasting media. While foreign language broadcasting declined steadily, Spanish broadcasting grew steadily from the 1920s to the 1970s. The 1930s were boom years. The early success depended on the concentrated geographical audience in Texas and the Southwest.
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- Main distinguishing features
- External history
- Internal history
The language known today as Spanish is derived from a dialect of spoken Latin, which was brought to the Iberian Peninsula by the Romans during the Second Punic War, beginning in 218 BC, and which evolved in central parts of the Iberian Peninsula after the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the fifth century. A written standard was developed in the cities of Toledo and Madrid. Over the past 1,000 years, the language expanded south to the Mediterranean Sea, and was later transferred to the Spanis
The development of Spanish phonology is distinguished from those of other nearby Romance languages by several features: 1. diphthongization of Latin stressed short E and O in closed syllables as well as open 2. devoicing and further development of the medieval Spanish sibilants, producing the velar fricative in words such as caja, hijo, gente, and —in many dialects of Spain, including the prestige varieties of Madrid, Toledo, etc.—the interdental in words such as cinco, hacer, and lazo ...
The standard Spanish language is also called Castilian in its original variant, and in order to distinguish it from other languages native to parts of Spain, such as Galician, Catalan, Basque, etc. In its earliest documented form, and up through approximately the 15th century, the language is customarily called Old Spanish. From approximately the 16th century on, it is called Modern Spanish. Spanish of the 16th and 17th centuries is sometimes called "classical" Spanish, referring to the literary
The mention of "influences" on the Spanish language refers primarily to lexical borrowing. Throughout its history, Spanish has accepted loanwords, first from pre-Roman languages, and later from Greek, from Germanic languages, from Arabic, from neighboring Romance languages, from Native American languages, and from English. The most frequently used word that entered Spanish from Basque is izquierda "left". Basque is perhaps most evident in some common Spanish surnames, including García and ...
Spanish shares with other Romance languages most of the phonological and grammatical changes that characterized Vulgar Latin, such as the abandonment of distinctive vowel length, the loss of the case system for nouns, and the loss of deponent verbs.
- Size and users
- Evaluation and criticism
The Spanish Wikipedia is a Spanish-language edition of Wikipedia, a free, online encyclopedia. It has 1,678,461 articles. Started in May 2001, it reached 100,000 articles on March 8, 2006 and 1,000,000 articles on May 16, 2013. It is the 9th-largest Wikipedia as measured by the number of articles and has the 4th-most edits. It also ranks 10th in terms of depth among Wikipedias.
In February 2002, Larry Sanger wrote an e-mail to a mailing list stating that Bomis was considering selling advertisements on Wikipedia. Edgar Enyedy, a user on the Spanish Wikipedia, criticized the proposal. Jimmy Wales and Sanger responded by saying that they did not immediately plan to implement advertisements, but Enyedy began establishing a fork. Enciclopedia Libre was established by February 26, 2002. Enyedy persuaded most of the Spanish Wikipedians into going to the fork. By the end of 20
It has the second most users, after the English Wikipedia. However, it is ranked eighth for number of articles, below other Wikipedias devoted to languages with smaller numbers of speakers, such as German, French, Cebuano, Dutch and Russian. In terms of quality, parameters such as article size show it as the second out of the ten largest Wikipedias after the German one. As of October 2012, Spanish Wikipedia is the fourth Wikipedia in terms of the number of edits, as well as the third Wikipedia b
A comparative study by the Colegio Libre de Eméritos, made by Manuel Arias Maldonado and published in 2010, compared some articles with those of the English and German Wikipedias. It concluded that the Spanish version of Wikipedia was the least reliable of the three. It found it to be more cumbersome and imprecise than the German and English Wikipedias, stated that it often lacked reliable sources, including much unreferenced data, and found it to be too dependent on online references ...
The different varieties of the Spanish language spoken in the Americas are distinct from each other as well as from those varieties spoken in the Iberian peninsula, collectively known as Peninsular Spanish and Spanish spoken elsewhere, such as in Africa and Asia. Linguistically, this grouping is somewhat arbitrary, akin to having a term for ...
- Present-day languages
- Past languages
The languages of Spain, or Spanish languages, are the languages spoken or once spoken in Spain. Most languages spoken in Spain belong to the Romance language family, of which Spanish is the only language which has official status for the whole country. Various other languages have co-official or recognised status in specific territories, and a number of unofficial languages and dialects are spoken in certain localities.
In terms of the number of speakers and dominance, the most prominent of the languages of Spain is Spanish, spoken by about 99% of Spaniards as a first or second language. According to a 2019 Pew Research survey, the most commonly spoken languages at home other than Spanish were Catalan in 8% of households, Valencian 4%, Galician 3% and Basque in 1% of homes. Distribution of the regional co-oficial languages in Spain: 1. Aranese, a variety of Occitan co-official in Catalonia. It is spoken in the
In addition to the languages which continue to be spoken in Spain to the present day, other languages which have been spoken within what are now the borders of Spain include
There are also variants of these languages proper to Spain, either dialect, cants or pidgins: 1. Barallete 2. Bron 3. Caló 4. Cheli 5. Erromintxela 6. Fala dos arxinas 7. Gacería 8. Germanía 9. Xíriga
- Aragonese, Asturian/Leonese, Minority Varieties: Eonavian, Fala, Portuguese of Spain, Caló, Erromintxela, Riffian Berber (in Melilla), Darija (in Ceuta), Extremaduran, Cantabrian, Dialects:, The general varieties of Spanish, including Andalusian dialect, Canarian Spanish, Extremaduran Spanish, Murcian Spanish, etc., Dialects of Catalan;, Dialects of Galician;, Dialects of Basque
Wikipedia is a free online encyclopedia, created and edited by volunteers around the world and hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. English 6 291 000+ articles Español 1 679 000+ artículos
Formally speaking, the national language of Spain, the official Spanish language, is the Castilian language (as opposed to regional Spanish languages like Galician, Catalan, Asturleonese and Basque). As such both names, español and castellano , have distinct and independent meanings that may be required for clarity in some specific contexts.
- related to: spanish-language wikipedia
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