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    • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever a Deadly Disease with a Difficult Diagnosis
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  1. Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever | ALDF

    www.aldf.com/rocky-mountain-spotted-fever
    • What Is Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever?
    • Where Is Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever Prevalent?
    • Symptoms
    • Diagnosis
    • Treatment

    Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is the most serious tick-borne disease in the United States and is caused by Rickettsia rickettsii, a type of bacteria known as rickettsia. These bacteria are transmitted to humans by the bite of certain hard ticks. The two most important species of ticks that can transmit R. rickettsii in the United States are Dermacentor variabilis (the American dog tick) and Dermacentor andersoni (Rocky Mountain wood tick). A third species, Rhipicephalus sanguineus (brow...

    Although first recognized in the late 19th century in the Rocky Mountain region, by 1930s this disease was found to be present in the eastern portion of the country as well. The wood tick (Dermacentor andersoni), one of the main tick vectors is found in the Rocky Mountain states and southwestern Canada. The second major vector is the American dog tick (Dermacentor variabilis). This tick is distributed east of the Rocky Mountains and in some regions along the Pacific Coast. The cayenne tick (A...

    Symptoms of Rocky Mountain spotted fever usually appear 2 to 14 days (average of 7 days) after being bitten by the infected tick. Fever is often the first symptom experienced by patients. The classic triad of fever, rash and tick bite is present among many but not all cases at the initial visit to the physician. Nausea, vomiting, severe headache, muscle pain and lack of appetite are also sometimes reported by patients in the early stage of disease. Other clinical symptoms include abnormal pla...

    Clinical diagnosis of RMSF is based on serological tests including detection of antibody titers via IFA, detection of the bacterial agent via culture or immunohistochemical staining of biopsies, and by detection of bacterial DNA in a clinical specimen via PCR. However, treatment decisions should not be delayed while waiting for confirmation with laboratory results. Patients with a relevant history and symptomology should be treated with the appropriate antibiotic regimen immediately. Since th...

    Upon suspicion of Rocky Mountain spotted fever, treatment should begin immediately. Delay of treatment has been associated with fatal outcomes. Treatment with tetracycline or chloramphenicol antibiotics can be used to treat RMSF. Doxycycline (a tetrycycline) antibiotic is the treatment of choice for both adults and children. However doxycycline is not recommended for use by pregnant women. Current recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) include doxycycline th...

  2. Epidemic typhus - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epidemic_typhus

    5 days ago · Epidemic typhus is a form of typhus so named because the disease often causes epidemics following wars and natural disasters. Typhus is rare in industrialized countries, and occurs primarily in the colder, mountainous regions of central and east Africa, as well as Central and South America.

    • camp fever, jail fever, hospital fever, ship fever, famine fever, putrid fever, petechial fever, epidemic louse-borne typhus, louse-borne typhus
  3. Tick-borne Relapsing Fever | ALDF

    www.aldf.com/tick-borne-relapsing-fever
    • What Is Tick-Borne Relapsing Fever?
    • Where Is Tick-Borne Relapsing Fever Prevalent?
    • Symptoms
    • Diagnosis
    • Treatment
    • Prevention & Control

    Tick-borne Relapsing Fever (TBRF) is caused by bacterial spirochete species including Borelliahermsii, Borelliaparkerii, or Borelliaturicatae, with Borelliahermsii being the most common causative agent. The bacteria are transmitted by the bite of soft tick Ornithodoros species. These ticks feed primarily at night. The bite of the tick is usually painless and they feed for only 15 to 30 minutes before dropping off. This makes it difficult to detect the ticks on one’s body. The Ornithodoros sof...

    TBRF can occur in most of the western portion of the US (west of the Mississippi River) with most cases occurring west of the Rocky Mountains. Travelers to these endemic states commonly get the disease as well. A high percentage of cases occur among people vacationing in rodent-infested cabins in wooded and mountainous areas.

    Tick-borne relapsing fever is characterized by recurring episodes of fever accompanied by other non-specific symptoms including headaches, muscle pain, joint pain, chills, vomiting, and abdominal pain. Bacterial presence tends to be greater among pregnant women, and may sometimes result in more severe infection. Symptoms tend to develop within 7 days after the tick bite. The symptoms last an average of 3 days (range of 3-7 days) and are then followed by an asymptomatic period (no symptoms pre...

    A definitive diagnosis of TBRF is made by detecting Borrelia spirochetes in the patient’s smears of blood, bone marrow or cerebrospinal fluid. The best time to detect spirochetes in patient blood samples is when the patient is febrile (feverish).

    Symptoms of TBRF often resolve on their own, but treatment with antibiotics can help them resolve much faster. Antibiotics used to treat TBRF include erythromycin, tetracycline, chloramphenicol, and penicillin. The current recommended duration of antibiotic therapy is 7 days. Erythromycin or penicillin antibiotics are recommended for use by young children or pregnant women.

    The best way to protect oneself from TBRF is to avoid exposure to rodent and tick-infested dwellings. Homes and vacation cabins should be rodent-proofed and any rodent nesting materials should be removed. Tick exposure can be avoided by fumigating homes with compounds containing permethrins or pyrethrins and using insecticides containing DEET on skin and clothing.

  4. What Causes Petechiae in Children? (with pictures)

    www.wisegeek.com/what-causes-petechiae-in...

    Nov 19, 2020 · Rocky Mountain spotted fever might produce petechiae on the wrists and ankles of children, but some youngsters never actually show outward signs. The disease is most commonly carried by ticks; when ticks bite people, they transfer bacteria from their saliva into the blood.

  5. Lyme Disease News -- ScienceDaily

    www.sciencedaily.com/news/health_medicine/lyme...

    4 days ago · Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever Risks Examined May 20, 2019 — In Mexicali, Mexico, an uncontrolled epidemic of Rocky Mountain spotted fever, one of the deadliest tickborne diseases in the Americas ...

  6. Wrist Rash: 9+ Causes and Treatment | Just-Health.net

    www.just-health.net/rash-on-wrist.html
    • Lichen Planus. Lichen planus is a condition of the skin that is characterized by presence of small, reddish, shiny bumps. Sometimes, white streaks are present in between them.
    • Eczema. Eczema, also referred to as contact dermatitis is a commonly occurring skin condition and another cause of wrist rash. Eczema is initially seen as flaky, dry, elevated patches of skin.
    • Scabies. Scabies is a common condition of the skin that is caused by itch mites, which affect humans. The itch mite burrows into the skin and lives there and lay eggs.
    • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever. RMSF or Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a contagious illness caused by bacteria Rickettsia rickettsii. A tick bite transmits the bacteria.
  7. The Uninvited - DailyChatter

    www.dailychatter.com/2020/11/25/the-uninvited

    1 day ago · Brown dog ticks are known to carry the deadly bacterial disease Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) and have been responsible for some outbreaks in US states in recent years. Scientists have long speculated that climate has been a factor in this dietary shift but only recently they were able to find a connection.

  8. Can Tick-Borne Diseases Be Fatal? What You Should Know About ...

    madisonarealymesupportgroup.com/2020/11/21/can...

    5 days ago · What You Should Know About Tick-Related Deaths Tick-borne illnesses like Lyme disease, Tick-Borne Relapsing Fever (TBRF), and more make up a growing public health problem, especially considering the warming effects of climate change on deer and tick populations in the U.S. and abroad. While awareness of the dangers of…

  9. 5 Effective Essential Oils That Help with Your Fever | New ...

    www.newhealthadvisor.org/Essential-Oils-for...

    2 days ago · Besides fever, this oil can relieve sinus pain, cough, bronchitis, nasal congestion, etc. Just add 2-3 drops to almond, olive or avocado oil and massage on your child's chest. 2. Eucalyptus and Lavender Oil. Also known as "fever oil", eucalyptus oil is one of the most popular essential oils for fever.

  10. Don’t want a warp speed vaccine? Fauci says you’re a threat ...

    theblogginghounds.com/2020/11/23/dont-want-a...

    3 days ago · We have a Problem with Vaccines that have ingredients which can change our DNA ,Cause Harm to Our Bodies, and Kill Us! Monday, November 23, 2020 by: Ethan Huff (Natural News) The biggest public hea…

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