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Top 10 Impressive Facts About Prague Castle
- The history of the castle dates back to the 9th century If you ever get a chance to visit the wonderful city of...
- The oldest existing building of the castle was built in 920 The first building of the castle was destroyed by a fire...
- St. Vitus Cathedral was originally built in the year 930 The most imposing structure...
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Where is the St.Vitus Cathedral in Prague?
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What was the first church in Prague Castle?
Jul 24, 2021 · Top 10 Impressive Facts About Prague Castle 1. The history of the castle dates back to the 9th century If you ever get a chance to visit the wonderful city of... 2. The oldest existing building of the castle was built in 920 The first building of the castle was destroyed by a fire... 3. St. Vitus ...
For generations, Prague Castle was the seat of power for kings and princes of Bohemia. The site is dominated by the massive St. Vitus Cathedral, one of Prague's most famous landmarks. The whole...
- History of St. Vitus Cathedral
- Exteriors of St. Vitus Cathedral
- Inside of The Cathedral
But before going inside the cathedral, I would like share with you some facts about this building. The place where we today see the church used to serve as the basement for the first christian rotunda in Bohemia and Moravia. What is rotunda? It is the classic round church built in Roman style. I will show you one during the Early Birds city tour in Prague. According to the religious traditions, churches could have been built only on the basis of the remains of the saints. So the duke Wenceslasgot as a gift from the German king Henry I the right hand of St Vitus. It happened in the X century. Who is Saint Vitus? A young boy of 12 years old who was killed in Rome for his christian believes in 303. And since that times, tradition of sharing parts of Saint bodies was very popular. That is why Wenceslas (who also became Saint) decided to start the construction of the place for christians to pray. That was St. Vitus Rotunda, which dates back to 930.
Exteriors of the Cathedral are very impressive. One can see various styles of architecture and just try to measure how much of energy and human power they needed to complete such a constructions.And looking at such old buildings, always consider one important fact: they did not modern tools and robots, to count, measure and carry things.
Inside of the Cathedral you will get for free only to restricted area. To see all the interiors of St. Vitus you need to buy a ticket. But if you come on Sunday morning, hide you camera and tell the guards at the entrance to the church, that you plan to visit the mess. They will let you in for free. 1. Habsburg mausoleum (with bodies of Ferdinand I and his wife Anna Jagiellon, their son Maximillian II buried); 2. crypt (with 16 royal people buried there. The most famous areCharles IV, Wenceslas IV, Rudolph II); 3. St. Wenceslas Chapel; 4. Crown chamber; 5. sarcophagus of John of Nepomuk; 6. Wladislaw Chapel; 7. Stained-glass window; 8. wooden altar; 9. pulpit; 10. picture “Legend about St. Vitus” 11. Statue of St. Vitus. This is just a brief description of St. Vitus Cathedral, its history, exteriors and interiors. If you have interest in the place and would like to see more, click on the link and book a private tour to Prague castle, which will help you to plunge into the magic atmo...
- A seat of kings. Share. What describes castles better than “a seat of power”? Prague castle has been the home to many kings throughout the years. Founded some time around 880 AC by Bořivoj of the Premyslid dynasty, the castle (Pražský hrad in Czech) has seen its fair share of regal personas.
- Defenestration – it’s a thing! Have you ever heard of the word “defenestration”? It literally means to throw someone out of a window! I bet you didn’t expect to hear something like this in an article about Prague, but as it turns out it was exactly because of the events here that this term was officially patented.
- Kings may be great, but emperors are the real deal. We already learned that Prague castle was the seat of power for both princes and kings through the centuries.
- Four and four. The castle boasts four churches: the famous Vitus Cathedral, which has always been the seat of the Prague Archbishop, St George’s Basilica (which is the oldest building within the premises that still stands,) All Saints Church and the Holy Cross Chapel.
St. Vitus Cathedral - if you only want to visit one building in the Prague Castle, this is it! St. Vitus Cathedral was started to be built in 1344 and finished only 600 years later. This is where the tomb of St. Wenceslas and the stained glass window of Alfons Mucha is located. Old Royal Palace - the oldest residence of Czech Kings.
In Prague Castle. …interred in 932 in the Church of St. Vitus, predecessor to a cathedral dedicated to the same saint. The foundation stone of St. Vitus Cathedral was laid on the Hradčany Hill in 1344 at the behest of Charles IV, the future king of Bohemia and Holy Roman emperor. The architect…. Read More.
St.Vitus Cathedral St. Vitus Cathedral is the largest and the most important church in Prague. Apart from divine services the coronations of Czech kings and queens also took place in it. The remains of provincial patron saints, sovereigns, noblemen and archbishops are interred here.
- Early History
- 15th & 16th Centuries
- Presidential Residence
- Prague Castle & WWII
- Prague Castle Architecture
Once the basilicas were erected and the Bohemian convent was erected in the 12th century, the fortifications and the palace were rebuilt in the 14th century. Charles IV, the first King of Bohemia to become Holy Roman Emperor, was in charge of the rebuilding in Gothic style.
After Charles IV completed the construction, the castle was left empty during the following decades in the early 15th century. The uninhabited castle was largely destroyed just mere years later in 1541 after a huge fire decimated huge sections of the building. Once the fire ravaged the castle, new Renaissance-style buildings were added, including the Spanish Hall and the destroyed portions of the castle walls. Once the rebuilding in the 16th century was completed, the last major rebuild was in the 18th century, with Empress Maria Theresa, the ruler of the Hasburg dominions, carrying out the project.
After the last rebuild in the late 16th century, the 20th century was filled with the presidential and royal families using the castle as a permanent residence. The new president, T.G. Masaryk, used the castle as the new seat. T.G. was a Czech politician, statesman, and philosopher who was in favor of restricting the Hungarian Empire into one, unified federal state. In addition to T.G. using the castle as the new presidential seat, the New Royal Palace and gardens were renovated and redecorated by Joze Plecnik. Plecnik was a Slovenian architect who highly impacted the architecture of the city of Prague, influencing the buildings in Slovenia, Vienna, and Prague. During this period of Joze Plecnik redecorating the gardens and the castle, St. Vitus Cathedral was finally finished during this time period, with the completion date ending on September 28, 1929. The St. Vitus Cathedral is currently the seat of the Archbishop of Prague, with the building being a huge example of Gothic archit...
In the late 1930s, Adolf Hitler actually spent a night in the Prague Castle. This occurred after the Czech President, Emil Hacha, was forced to hand Czechia over to the Germans. Emil was the third President of Czechoslovakia from 1938-1939 and was in charge during a portion of the infamous War. During the Nazi occupation of Czechoslovakia in WWII, the castle became the base for Reinhard Heydrich, a high-ranking German SS official who was the chief of the Reich Main Security Office. Just one year after assuming power in early 1942, Heydrich was attacked during Operation Anthropoid. This operation was an assassination during World War II of Heydrich, carried out by the Czech resistance soldiers. While traveling to the infamous Prague Castle, Heydrich was attacked and later died of his injuries.
After the war ended and Czechoslovakia was liberated in 1948 during the coup, the Castle was used to house offices of the Czech government. Once Czechoslovakia split into two different countries in the early 1990s to Czechia and Slovakia, the Prague Castle became the figurehead and the seat of the Head of State. The Head of State is a political office that was formed during the dissolution of Czechoslovakia in 1993, with the president Vaclav Havel being placed in charge of the post-war Prague Castle improvements and redecorations. Vaclav was a Czech writer and statesman who was the last President of Czechoslovakia from 1989 until the union split in 1992. After the split, Vaclav was the first President of Czechia from 1993-2003, helping rebuild the Prague Castle and carry out necessary facelifts.
Knowing the history of Prague Castle can show how the architecture was changed and altered throughout the past centuries and decades. The castle buildings represent various architectural styles that were used during the last millennium, such as Gothic and Baroque-style construction. The castle is home to various museums that elaborate on the Prague and Czech history, such as the National Gallery and the Toy Museum. The National Gallery is an art gallery in Prague, home to the largest collection of art in Czechia and international fine art in temporary and permanent displays. The other important buildings that the Prague Castle houses are numerous churches, such as the St. Vitus Cathedral, St. George’s Basilica and Convent, All Saints Church, and Holy Cross Chapel. The palaces in the Prague Castle include the Old Royal Palace, Lobkowicz Palace, and the New Royal Palace. As you can see, Prague Castle has had a long and decorated history that is worthy of every storybook. When you plan...