- Early Life
- Return to Moldavia
- Death and Legacy
Stephen the Great was born in 1435 in the Musatin family which was the ruling family at the time. His father name was Bogdan II. Bogdan II ruled for only two years from 1449 to 1451 before he was killed in a raid by Petru Aron, his half-brother. Stephen sought refuge in Transylvania, acquiring protection from military commander John Hunyadi. Afterward, Stephen relocated to the court of Vlad III.
In 1457, Stephen the Great negotiated for a military assistance of six thousand horsemen who he used to defeat Petru Aron at Doljesti. Stephen afterward defeated Aron in another combat at Orbic. The defeat prompted Aron to flee to Poland while Stephen the Great was crowned prince of Moldavia. He led an incursion into Poland two years later in search of Aron. However, the invasion was met with resistance forcing him to sign a treaty in which he would be acknowledged as king and in which Aron was barred from Moldavia.
When Stephen became king of Moldavia in 1457, the state was menaced by powerful and dangerous enemies. As a man of faith and a defender of Christendom, he sought an appeal from Christian states to protect his reign. He met little success in his search for European assistance against the Turks. He managed to keep his reign for 47 years using his diplomacy skills and victories in wars. In 1467, Stephen victoriously led repulsion against king Matthias Corvinus of Hungary at the battle of Baia. In 1471, he defeated an invading Tartar force at Lipnic and at the same time invaded Wallachia. During the invasion, Wallachia had been a vassal of the Ottoman Empire. In 1475, Stephen crushed invaders from when the then king of Ottoman, sultan Mehmed attempted to retaliate on Moldavia.
Despite Moldavia being surrounded by powerful enemies, Stephen the Great left a legacy having won 34 out of 36 battles which his state participated in during his rule. During his long reign, many churches and monasteries were built as well as and cultural developments, some of which were set up by Stephen himself. An example is the Voronet which is one of UNESCO's World Heritage Site. Stephen the great died on July 2, 1504.
- Sundra Chelsea Atitwa
Stephen III Báthory (died 1444), Hungarian nobleman and commander, Palatine of Hungary Stephen III of Moldavia (c. 1433 – 1504), aka Stephen the Great, Prince of Moldavia This disambiguation page lists articles about people with the same name.
Stephen III of Moldavia he is also known as Stefan the Great (Stefan cel Mare) Was the Prince of Moldavia between 1457 and 1504 and the most representative member of the House of Musat.
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Stefan III the Great | Belgorod-Dniester. The particular birthday of the future great master of history has not preserved, but it is known that the biography of Stephen III the Great takes the count in 1429. He was born in the village of Barzesti, today it is a town in the Romanian region of bacău.
- Early Life
- Acquiring His Title
- The Beginning of His Rule and Conflict with The Sultan
- Battles Against Mehmed
Vlad III, son of Vlad Dracul meaning Dragon, was given the nickname Dracula, or Son of the Dragon, the Impaler for his gruesome and sadistic way of executing Ottomans, as well as Dracula, the titular character of Bram Stoker’s novel of the same name that is afflicted by vampirism. He was a voivode or prince of the principality Wallachia that was under rule by the Kingdom of Hungary but was acquired as a suzerainty for the Ottoman Empire that lasted until the 19thcentury with in between times being occupied by Russia. When he was young, the sultan demanded him and his younger brother Radu to be given as political prisoners to secure their fathers loyalty beginning from 1442. Ottoman Empire chronicles state that they were imprisoned in the fortress of Egrigoz, as part of the agreement to their fathers loyalty because he had not supported Ottoman invasion of Wallachia, and with him supporting Vladislaus that was the King of Poland and Hungary with the Crusade of Varna of 1444, he had p...
As a potential claimant for the voivodeship of Wallachia, Vlad III at the head of an Ottoman army marched into the suzerainty. He had to come to terms that the Ottoman Empire had captured the fortress of Giurgiu and strengthened it, and as John Hunyadi’s army was defeated somewhere between 17 and 18 October at the Battle of Kosovo versus the Ottoman Empire, what was left of Vladislav’s army returned to Wallachia. Vlad III was forced to flee back to the Ottoman Empire before December 8, 1448. Settling in Edirne, he had moved to Moldavia where Bogdan II was part of his extended family and was installed as a ruler with the help of John Hunyadi in the autumn of 1449. But after his assassination at the hands of Peter III Aaron in October 1451, Bogdan’s son Stephen alongside Vlad III fled to Transylvania and sought assistance from John Hunyadi himself, who had concluded a three year peace treaty with the Ottomans on November 20, 1451. Hunyadi had come to terms, which allowed the Wallachia...
With the newly acquired power, Vlad began a purge of citizens as well as boyars whom he accused of conspiring for the murder of his father and elder brother, or just anyone whom he had suspected of trying to deceive him. So, with acquiring the lands, goods, trades and money from the people he purged, he allowed himself a firm and loyal entourage. With the death of John Hunyadi, his son Ladislaus became captain general of Hungary, who accused Vlad of no longer remaining loyal to the crown of the Kingdom of Hungary, and urged the burghers of Brasov to support Vladislav’s II son, Dan III. Yet it seems the burghers supported another pretender to the throne – the illegitimate brother of Vlad III, Vlad the Monk who took possession of the town Amlas, which was customarily ruled by the voivodeship of Wallachia. Ladislaus V of Hungary had executed Ladislaus Hunyadi on March 16, 1457 and stirred a revolt begun by his mother Elizabeth alongside her brother Michael Szylagyi, and spurred the kin...
He managed to defeat and execute Dan III, who marched with an army against him in April 22 1460, and promptly began purging and executing the Saxons, which assisted Dan III by impaling and burning them alive. His war against the Ottomans began when according to records of the Serbian jannisary Konstantin Mihailovich, Vlad III had not paid tribute for more than three years, and defied the suzerainty of sultan Mehmed II, who ordered that Vlad III should be captured and brought to Istanbul before him. The spies, which ordered to do so were captured by Vlad III, and promptly impaled before having their noses cut off. He began raiding Ottoman territories and began purging them of Turkish residence in his gruesome style. He had informed the King of Hungary Matthias Corvinus, who was the son of John Hunyadi in a letter sent to him on February 11, 1462 that some 24.000 Turks and Bulgars had been impaled. As he asked for military assistance for preserving Christianity in the name of the Crow...
The Battle of Vaslui (also referred to as the Battle of Podul Înalt or the Battle of Racova) was fought on 10 January 1475, between Stephen III of Moldavia and the Ottoman governor of Rumelia, Hadım Suleiman Pasha. The battle took place at Podul Înalt (the High Bridge), near the town of Vaslui, in Moldavia (now part of eastern Romania).
Stephen conditioned the life of the Khan's son on his father's making peace with Moldavia, stating that his son would live until the exact day that a Tatar would touch the land of Moldavia. However, the Khan's son was eventually killed, after an episode at Stephens's court.
In 1462, Stephen sent a letter to his cousin, Prince Vlad III Dracula of Wallachia, asking him to return Chilia back to Moldavia—a demand that was most likely refused.