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    • Ask a Question. The scientific method starts when you ask a question about something that you observe: How, What, When, Who, Which, Why, or Where? For a science fair project some teachers require that the question be something you can measure, preferably with a number.
    • Do Background Research. Rather than starting from scratch in putting together a plan for answering your question, you want to be a savvy scientist using library and Internet research to help you find the best way to do things and ensure that you don't repeat mistakes from the past.
    • Construct a Hypothesis. A hypothesis is an educated guess about how things work. It is an attempt to answer your question with an explanation that can be tested.
    • Test Your Hypothesis by Doing an Experiment. Your experiment tests whether your prediction is accurate and thus your hypothesis is supported or not. It is important for your experiment to be a fair test.
    • The Six Steps
    • When Are There Seven Steps?
    • Variables

    The number of steps can vary from one description to another (which mainly happens when data and analysisare separated into separate steps), however, this is a fairly standard list of the six scientific method steps that you are expected to know for any science class: 1. Purpose/Question Ask a question. 2. Research Conduct background research. Write down your sources so you can cite your references. In the modern era, a lot of your research may be conducted online. Scroll to the bottom of articles to check the references. Even if you can't access the full text of a published article, you can usually view the abstractto see the summary of other experiments. Interview experts on a topic. The more you know about a subject, the easier it will be to conduct your investigation. 3. Hypothesis Propose a hypothesis. This is a sort of educated guessabout what you expect. It is a statement used to predict the outcome of an experiment. Usually, a hypothesis is written in terms of cause and effe...

    Sometimes the scientific method is taught with seven steps instead of six. In this model, the first step of the scientific method is to make observations. Really, even if you don't make observations formally, you think about prior experiences with a subject in order to ask a question or solve a problem. Formal observations are a type of brainstorming that can help you find an idea and form a hypothesis. Observe your subject and record everything about it. Include colors, timing, sounds, temperatures, changes, behavior, and anything that strikes you as interesting or significant.

    When you design an experiment, you are controlling and measuring variables. There are three types of variables: 1. Controlled Variables: You can have as many controlled variables as you like. These are parts of the experiment that you try to keep constant throughout an experiment so that they won't interfere with your test. Writing down controlled variables is a good idea because it helps make your experiment reproducible, which is important in science! If you have trouble duplicating results from one experiment to another, there may be a controlled variable that you missed. 2. Independent Variable: This is the variable you control. 3. Dependent Variable: This is the variable you measure. It is called the dependent variable because it dependson the independent variable.

  1. Jun 18, 2021 · One of the most commonly used processes is the scientific method, which involves following a series of steps to test a hypothesis and reaching a conclusion. In this article, we will discuss what the scientific method is, the seven steps to take and how to use it in scientific applications.

    • Ask a question or identify a problem. A scientist learns about the universe by observing. Scientific investigations are carried out to answer a question based on observations – who, what, when, where, how.
    • Background research. Sometimes combined with step three, the investigator starts addressing the question by gathering information about the question that will aid in designing experiments and making observations.
    • Form a hypothesis. Based on an educated guess, the investigator attempts to answer the question they asked in step one. Based on current knowledge, previous solutions and current practice, a hypothesis is proposed that can be tested as true or false, yes or no. The potential answer to the question is stated in a way that allows for a single answer in order to determine if the hypothesis is correct.
    • Experiment and observe. The hypothesis is tested by experimentation and observation. Experiments are designed to have one variable, with the other factors involved remaining constant.
  2. Jul 02, 2020 · The scientific method has five basic steps, plus one feedback step: Make an observation. Ask a question. Form a hypothesis, or testable explanation. Make a prediction based on the hypothesis. Test the prediction. Iterate: use the results to make new hypotheses or predictions.

  3. Mar 10, 2014 · The Scientific Method What is the scientific method? The scientific method provides an organized way to think about and solve problems based on data. Most scientists describe it as the following steps: 1. State the problem. State the problem that you will study as clearly and concisely as possible. 2. Form the hypothesis.

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