Streptomycin is an antibiotic medication used to treat a number of bacterial infections, including tuberculosis, Mycobacterium avium complex, endocarditis, brucellosis, Burkholderia infection, plague, tularemia, and rat bite fever. For active tuberculosis it is often given together with isoniazid, rifampicin, and pyrazinamide.
Streptomyces is the largest genus of Actinobacteria and the type genus of the family Streptomycetaceae. Over 500 species of Streptomyces bacteria have been described. As with the other Actinobacteria, streptomycetes are gram-positive, and have genomes with high GC content. Found predominantly in soil and decaying vegetation, most streptomycetes ...
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Streptomyces setonii (Millard and Burr 1926) Waksman 1953 (Approved Lists 1980) Streptomyces griseus is a species of bacteria in the genus Streptomyces commonly found in soil. A few strains have been also reported from deep-sea sediments. It is a Gram-positive bacterium with high GC content.
(Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˌstɹɛp.tə(ʊ)ˈmʌɪ.sɪn/(General American) IPA(key): /ˌstɹɛp.təˈmaɪ.sn̩/
streptomycin (uncountable) 1. (pharmacology) An aminoglycoside and bactericidal antibiotic C21H39N7O12 that is produced by a soil actinomycete (Streptomyces griseus), is active against many bacteria, and is administered via intramuscular injection especially in the treatment of infections by gram-negative bacteria. It was the first drug to be successful against tuberculosis but is now chiefly used with other drugs because of its toxic side effects.“streptomycin”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.“streptomycin”, in Merriam–Webster Online Dictionary.
Streptomycin is a amino cyclitol glycoside that consists of streptidine having a disaccharyl moiety attached at the 4-position. The parent of the streptomycin class It has a role as an antimicrobial agent, an antimicrobial drug, an antibacterial drug, a protein synthesis inhibitor, a bacterial metabolite and an antifungal agrochemical.
Streptomycin, the first antibiotic ever reported from a bacterium, comes from strains of S. griseus. Recently, the whole genome ... The discovery of streptomycin, an antituberculosis antibiotic, earned Selman Waksman the Nobel Prize in 1952. The award was not ... Wainwright, M. (1991). "Streptomycin: discovery and resultant controversy ...