Entre 1946 et 1947, la streptomycine est utilisée dans une étude considérée comme le premier essai randomisé contrôlé contre la tuberculose pulmonaire réalisé par l'Unité de recherche sur la tuberculose MRC présidée par Sir Geoffrey Marshall . L'essai est réalisé à la fois en double aveugle et contrôlé par placebo.
Streptomycin is an antibiotic medication used to treat a number of bacterial infections, including tuberculosis, Mycobacterium avium complex, endocarditis, brucellosis, Burkholderia infection, plague, tularemia, and rat bite fever. For active tuberculosis it is often given together with isoniazid, rifampicin, and pyrazinamide.
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Streptomyces setonii (Millard and Burr 1926) Waksman 1953 (Approved Lists 1980) Streptomyces griseus is a species of bacteria in the genus Streptomyces commonly found in soil. A few strains have been also reported from deep-sea sediments. It is a Gram-positive bacterium with high GC content.
Streptomycin is a amino cyclitol glycoside that consists of streptidine having a disaccharyl moiety attached at the 4-position. The parent of the streptomycin class It has a role as an antimicrobial agent, an antimicrobial drug, an antibacterial drug, a protein synthesis inhibitor, a bacterial metabolite and an antifungal agrochemical.
Streptomycineae Rainey et al. 1997. The Streptomycetaceae are a family of Actinobacteria, making up the monotypic order Streptomycetales. It includes the important genus Streptomyces. This was the original source of many antibiotics, namely streptomycin, the first antibiotic against tuberculosis .
Streptomyces is the largest genus of Actinobacteria and the type genus of the family Streptomycetaceae. Over 500 species of Streptomyces bacteria have been described. As with the other Actinobacteria, streptomycetes are gram-positive, and have genomes with high GC content. Found predominantly in soil and decaying vegetation, most streptomycetes ...