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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › StreptomycinStreptomycin - Wikipedia

    Streptomycin is an antibiotic medication used to treat a number of bacterial infections, including tuberculosis, Mycobacterium avium complex, endocarditis, brucellosis, Burkholderia infection, plague, tularemia, and rat bite fever.

    • 84% to 88% IM (est.) 0% by mouth
    • Kidney
    • Nama Umum Streptomisin
    • Bentuk Fisik
    • Kegunaan
    • Efek Samping

    Beberapa nama dagang yang mengandung streptomisin, antara lain 1. Streptomycin sulfate. 2. Agri Strep. 3. Streptobrettin. 4. Streptorex. 5. Verstrep. Di Indonesia, obat yang mengandung streptomisin, misalnya Chlorostrep, Hostamycin, Mycillin, dan Penstrep.

    Strepromisin berbentuk bubuk atau bubuk butiranm tidak berbau, rasanya sedikit pahit, mudah larut dalam air, tetapi praktis tidak larut dalam alkohol, klorofom, dan eter.

    Streptomisin berkhasiat sebagai anti-bakteri tuberkulostatik. Streptomisin dapat digunakan untuk pengobatan tuberkulosis, tularemia, bubonic plague, glanders, dan bruselosis. Selain itu dapat juga digunakan bersama penisilinuntuk mengobati endokarditis yang diakibatkan oleh stafilokukus.

    Beberapa hal yang perlu diwaspadai dalam penggunaan streptomisin, bahwa antibiotik tersebut dapat mengakibatkan: 1. Ototoksisitas, berupa kehilangan pendengaran terhadap frekuensi tinggi, tinitus, dan gangguan vestibuler. 2. Nefrotoksisitas, yaitu gangguan pada fungsi ginjal. 3. Otoksisitas dan nefrotoksisitas lebih sering terjadi pada penggunaan streptomisin dibandingkan dengan aminoglikosida lainnya. 4. Kemerahan pada kulit, dermatitis eksfoliatif, syok anafilaktik, neutropenia, agranulositosis, anemia aplastik, dan trombositopenia.

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  3. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › StreptomycesStreptomyces - Wikipedia

    The antibiotic streptomycin takes its name directly from Streptomyces. Streptomycetes are infrequent pathogens, though infections in humans, such as mycetoma, can be caused by S. somaliensis and S. sudanensis, and in plants can be caused by S. caviscabies, S. acidiscabies, S. turgidiscabies and S. scabies

    • Streptomyces, Waksman and Henrici 1943 (Approved Lists 1980)
    • Streptomycetaceae
  4. Ultima editare a paginii a fost efectuată la 22 iunie 2019, ora 17:20. Acest text este disponibil sub licența Creative Commons cu atribuire și distribuire în condiții identice ; pot exista și clauze suplimentare.

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  5. Streptomyces globosus (Krassilnikov 1941) Waksman 1953 (Approved Lists 1980) Streptomyces glomeratus (ex Gauze and Sveshnikova 1978) Gauze and Preobrazhenskaya 1986. Streptomyces glomeroaurantiacus (Krassilnikov and Yuan 1965) Pridham 1970 (Approved Lists 1980) Streptomyces glycovorans Xu et al. 2012.

  6. Streptomycin was the first antibiotic that could be used to cure the disease tuberculosis. Waksman is credited with coining the term antibiotics, to describe antibacterials derived from other living organisms, for example penicillin , though the term was used by the French dermatologist François Henri Hallopeau , in 1871 to describe a substance opposed to the development of life.

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