People also ask
Who was the ruler of Kievan Rus ' before Vladimir I?
How many times did Iziaslav rule Russia?
What are the principalties of Kievan Rus?
When was Olga of Kiev born?
Dec 14, 2012 · Sviatoslav III Grand Prince of Kiev -1194 (REIGN 2nd time 1177–1180 / 3rd time 1182–1194). = Yaroslav II Rurik II Rostislavich 1142-1215 brother of Roman I (REIGN 2nd time 1180-1182 / 3rd time 1194-1202 / 4th time 1203-05 / 5th time 1206-1206 / 6th time 1207-1210 ).
- Rurik and The Foundation of Rus’
- Vladimir I and Christianization
- Yaroslav The Wise
- The Mongol Threat
- Ivan I and The Rise of Moscow
Rurik was a Varangian chieftain who established the first ruling dynasty in Russian history called the Rurik Dynasty in 862 near Novgorod. This dynasty went on to to establish Kievan Rus’.
Vladimir I ruled from 980 to 1015 and was the first Kievan Rus’ ruler to officially establish Orthodox Christianity as the new religion of the region.
Yaroslav I, also known as Yaroslav the Wise, developed the first legal codes, beautified Kievan Rus’, and formed major political alliances with the West during his nearly 40-year reign.
The Mongol Empire expanded its holdings in the 13th century and established its rule over most of the major Kievan Rus’ principalities after brutal military invasions over the course of many years.
The small trading outpost of Moscow in the north of Rus’ transformed into a wealthy cultural center in the 14th century under the leadership of Ivan I.
May 10, 2016 · In 964 Sviatoslav reached his legal majority, and Olga stood down from the regency. With Byzantine support he set out on a mission of conquest, attacking the Khazar lands to the east. He sacked the major Khazar cities and established dominion over the region, becoming a major power.
- Ciaran Conliffe
Princes of Kiev. In the early 1320s, a Lithuanian army led by Gediminas defeated a Slavic army led by Stanislav of Kiev at the Battle on the Irpen' River, and conquered the city. The Tatars, who also claimed Kiev, retaliated in 1324–1325, so while Kiev was ruled by a Lithuanian prince, it had to pay a tribute to the Golden Horde.NameBornReignPartRurik I (Рюрик) Old Norse: RørikUnknown862–879Kievan Rus' (in Novgorod)Oleg the Seer (Олег Віщий) Old Norse: HelgiUnknown879–912Igor I the Old Igor Rurikovich (Ігор Старий) Old Norse: Ingvar Rörekssonc.878 Son of Rurik912–945Saint Olga of Kiev (Saint Olga) (Свята Ольга) Old Norse: Helgac.890 Pskov945–962
- Skirmish with Byzantium
- Genetic Studies of Rurikids
- from Vladimir The Great to Yuri I "Long-Arm"
- Yuri The Long-Arm Onwards
- See Also
The Rurikid dynasty was founded in 862 by Rurik, a Varangian prince. Folk history tells of the Finnic and Slavic tribes in the area calling on "'the Varangians [i.e. Scandinavians], to the Rus' … The Chud, the Slovenes, the Krivichi and the Ves said "Our land is vast and abundant, but there is no order in it. Come and reign as princes and have authority over us!"' Three brothers came with 'their kin' and 'all the Rus' in response to this invitation. Rurik set up rule in Novgorod, giving more provincial towns to his brothers. There is some ambiguity even in the Primary Chronicle about the specifics of the story, "hence their paradoxical statement 'the people of Novgorod are of Varangian stock, for formerly they were Slovenes.'" However, archaeological evidence such as "Frankish swords, a sword chape and a tortoiseshell brooch" in the area suggest that there was, in fact, a Scandinavian population during the tenth century at the latest. The "Rurikid Dynasty DNA Project" of FamilyTreeD...
Rurik and his brothers founded a state that later historians called Kievan Rus′. By the middle of the twelfth century, Kievan Rus′ had dissolved into independent principalities, each ruled by different branches of the Rurik dynasty. The dynasty followed agnatic seniority and the izgoi principle. The Rurik dynasty underwent a major schism after the death of Yaroslav the Wise in 1054, dividing into three branches on the basis of descent from three successive ruling Grand Princes: Izyaslav (1024–1078), Svyatoslav (1027–1076), and Vsevolod (1030–1093). In addition, a line of Polotsk princes assimilated themselves with the princes of Lithuania. In the 10th century the Council of Liubechmade some amendments to a succession rule and divided Ruthenia into several autonomous principalities that had equal rights to obtain the Kiev throne. Vsevolod's line eventually became better known as the Monomakhovychi and was the predominant one. The line of Svyatoslav later became known as Olegovychi an...
In the early days of the Rurikid dynasty, the Kievan Rus' mainly traded with other tribes in Eastern Europe and Scandinavia. "There was little need for complex social structures to carry out these exchanges in the forests north of the steppes. So long as the entrepreneurs operated in small numbers and kept to the north, they did not catch the attention of observers or writers." The Rus' also had strong trading ties to Byzantium, particularly in the early 900s, as treaties in 911 and 944 indicate. These treaties deal with the treatment of runaway Byzantine slaves and limitations on the amounts of certain commodities such as silk that could be bought from Byzantium. The Rus' used log rafts floated down the Dnieper River by Slavictribes for the transport of goods, particularly slaves to Byzantium.
One of the largest military accomplishments of the Rurikid dynasty was the attack on Byzantium in 960. Pilgrims of the Rus' had been making the journey from Kiev to Constantinople for many years, and Constantine Porphyrogenitus, the Emperor of the Byzantine Empire, believed that this gave them significant information about the arduous parts of the journey and where travelers were most at risk, as would be pertinent for an invasion. This route took travelers through domain of the Pechenegs, journeying mostly by river. In June 941, the Rus' staged a naval ambush on Byzantine forces, making up for their smaller numbers with small, maneuverable boats. Interestingly, these boats were ill-equipped for the transportation of large quantities of treasure, suggesting that looting was not the goal. The raid was led, according to the Primary Chronicle, by a king called Igor. Three years later, the treaty of 944 stated that all ships approaching Byzantium must be preceded by a letter from the Ru...
Russian and Ukrainian historians have debated for many years about the legacy of the Rurikid dynasty. The Russian view sees the Principality of Moscow as the sole heir to the Kievan Rus' civilization, this view is "resting largely on religious-ecclesiastical and historical-ideological claims". This view started in Moscow between the 1330s and the late 1850s. The Ukrainian view was formulated somewhat later between the 1840s and the end of the 1930s and views the Ukrainian descendants of the Rurikid dynasty as its only true successors. The Soviet theory "allotted equal rights to the Kievan inheritance to the Three Slavic peoples, that is the Russians, the Ukrainians, and the Belorussians."
According to the FamilyTreeDNA Rurikid Dynasty DNA Project, Rurik appears to have belonged to Y-DNA haplogroup N1c1, based on testing of his modern male line descendants. Further genetic studies seem to indicate the existence of two major haplogroups among modern Rurikids: the descendants of Vladimir II Monomakh (Monomakhoviches) and some others are of N1c1 group (130 people or 68%), while the descendants of a junior prince from the branch of Oleg I of Chernigov (Olgoviches) and some others (total 45 peoples or 24%) are of R1a and R1b haplogroups (typical for Slavic, Germanic, Nordic, Finnish, Baltic and Celticpeoples).Monomakhovichi, princes of PereyaslavRostislavichi of Halych, princes of HalychOlgovichi, princes of ChernihivIzyaslavichi of Polotsk, princes of PolotskVladimir the GreatYaroslav the Wise, son of Vladimir the GreatVsevolod I of Kiev, son of Yaroslav the WiseVladimir II Monomakh, son of Vsevolod I of Kiev
The following image shows the descent of the leading (historically most powerful branch) of the Rurikids, being the descendants of Vladimir II Monomakh through his sixth son Yuri Dolgorukiy(known as "Yuri I" and "Yuri Long-arm"):Rulers of Kievan Rus'Shum GoraVikingsUí Ímair (House of Ivar), contemporary Norse dynasty powerful in the Anglo-Celtic Isles
Oda of Stade (also Oda of Elsdorf) (b.c.1040 – d. 2 July c.1087?) was a German noblewoman, who was the daughter of Ida of Elsdorf.Through marriage to Sviatoslav II of Kiev, she became a Grand Princess consort of Kievan Rus'.
The son of Igor of Kiev and Olga, Sviatoslav is famous for his incessant campaigns in the east and south, which precipitated the collapse of two great powers of Eastern Europe, Khazaria and the First Bulgarian Empire.
Head of Russian Kiev state. Helped Basil II retain power early on; married Basil's sister in return for conversion to Greek Orthodoxy. Otto I (r. 936-973) Saxon emperor of Germany. Defeated Magyars, settled Papal matters, was crowned emperor. Ruled without feudal relations. Henry III (r. 1039-1056)
138 Kiev folks, all kin to me. 8 Kiev ancestors (* in left margin.) Outline Descent Trees (138: 800-1263) Rurik of Kiev, Prince of Kiev [800 - 879] 31GGFa