en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Streptococcal_pharyngitis#:~:text=From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Streptococcal pharyngitis, also,headache, and nausea or vomiting may also occur.
- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Streptococcal pharyngitis , also known as strep throat, is an infection of the back of the throat including the tonsils caused by group A streptococcus (GAS). Common symptoms include fever, sore throat, red tonsils, and enlarged lymph nodes in the neck. A headache, and nausea or vomiting may also occur.
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Streptococcal pharyngitis, also known as strep throat, is an infection of the back of the throat including the tonsils caused by group A streptococcus (GAS). Common symptoms include fever, sore throat, red tonsils, and enlarged lymph nodes in the neck.
Strep throat, a bacterial infection, is the cause in about 25% of children and 10% of adults. Uncommon causes include other bacteria such as gonorrhea, fungus, irritants such as smoke, allergies, and gastroesophageal reflux disease. Specific testing is not recommended in people who have clear symptoms of a viral infection, such as a cold.
Tonsillitis is inflammation of the tonsils in the upper part of the throat. Tonsillitis is a type of pharyngitis that typically comes on fast (rapid onset). Symptoms may include sore throat, fever, enlargement of the tonsils, trouble swallowing, and large lymph nodes around the neck.
Other symptoms often include: A fever of 101 F or higher Chills Body aches Loss of appetite Swollen lymph nodes on your neck Really little red spots on the back part of the roof of your mouth Red and swollen tonsils (two round lumps in the back of your throat -- you may also see white patches on ...
Peak in 5-15yr oldRare in <2yr of ageAccounts for only 15-30% of pharyngitisCaused by S. pyogenes(Group A strep)
- Clinical Features
- Differential Diagnosis
Rapid Antigen Detection Test Algorithm for Acute Pharyngitis
Diagnostic testing or empiric treatment of asymptomatic household contacts of patients with acute streptococcal pharyngitis is not routinely recommended
Treatment can be delayed for up to 9 days and still prevent major sequelae PenicillinOptions: 1. Penicillin V250mg PO BID x 10d (child) or 500mg BID x 10d (adolescent or adult) 2. Bicillin L-A<27 kg: 0.6 million units; ≥27 kg: 1.2 million units IM x 1 Penicillinallergic (mild): 1. Cefuroxime10mg/kg PO QID x 10d (child) or 250mg PO BID x 4d Penicillinallergic (anaphylaxis): 1. Clindamycin7.5mg/kg PO QID x 10d (child) or 450mg PO TID x 10d OR 2. Azithromycin12mg/kg QD (child) or 500mg on day 1;...
1. Consider single dose of dexamethasone0.6mg/kg PO (Max = 10mg)
- Risk Factors
Strep throat is a bacterial infection that can make your throat feel sore and scratchy. Strep throat accounts for only a small portion of sore throats.If untreated, strep throat can cause complications, such as kidney inflammation or rheumatic fever. Rheumatic fever can lead to painful and inflamed joints, a specific type of rash, or heart valve damage.Strep throat is most common in children, but it affects people of all ages. If you or your child has signs or symptoms of strep throat, see yo...
Signs and symptoms of strep throat can include: 1. Throat pain that usually comes on quickly 2. Painful swallowing 3. Red and swollen tonsils, sometimes with white patches or streaks of pus 4. Tiny red spots on the area at the back of the roof of the mouth (soft or hard palate) 5. Swollen, tender lymph nodes in your neck 6. Fever 7. Headache 8. Rash 9. Nausea or vomiting, especially in younger children 10. Body achesIt's possible for you or your child to have many of these signs and symptoms...
The cause of strep throat is bacteria known as Streptococcus pyogenes, also known as group A streptococcus.Streptococcal bacteria are highly contagious. They can spread through airborne droplets when someone with the infection coughs or sneezes, or through shared food or drinks. You can also pick up the bacteria from a doorknob or other surface and transfer them to your nose, mouth or eyes.
Several factors can increase your risk of strep throat infection: 1. Young age. Strep throat occurs most commonly in children. 2. Time of year. Although strep throat can occur anytime, it tends to circulate in winter and early spring. Strep bacteria flourish wherever groups of people are in close contact.
Although strep throat isn't dangerous, it can lead to serious complications. Antibiotic treatment reduces the risk.
To prevent strep infection: 1. Clean your hands. Proper hand cleaning is the best way to prevent all kinds of infections. That's why it's important to clean your own hands regularly and to teach your children how to clean their hands properly using soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer. 2. Cover your mouth. Teach your children to cover their mouths when they cough or sneeze. 3. Don't share personal items. Don't share drinking glasses or eating utensils. Wash dishes in hot, soapy w...
Other symptoms may include a headache, stomach pain, nausea, or vomiting — especially in children. Someone with strep throat may also have a rash known as scarlet fever (also called scarlatina). The following symptoms suggest a virus is the cause of the illness instead of strep throat: