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  1. Islam in Turkey - Wikipedia › wiki › Shia_Islam_in_Turkey
    • History
    • Denominations
    • Turkey's Role in The Islamic World
    • Further Reading

    Islamic empires

    During the Muslim conquests of the 7th and early 8th centuries, Arab armies established the Islamic Empire. The Islamic Golden Age was soon inaugurated by the middle of the 8th century by the ascension of the Abbasid Caliphate and the transfer of the capital from Damascus to Baghdad. The later period saw initial expansion and the capture of Crete (840). The Abbasids soon shifted their attention towards the East. During the later fragmentation of the Abbasid rule and the rise of their Shiite r...

    Ottoman Caliphate

    Beginning in the twelfth century, new waves of Turkic migrants many of whom belonged to Sufi orders, some of which later incorporated heterodox beliefs. One Sufi order that appealed to Turks in Anatolia after 1300 was the Safaviyya, an order that was originally Sunni and non-political but later became both Shi'a and political based in northwest Iran. During the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, the Safavid and similar orders such as the Bektaşi became rivals of the Ottomans—who were orthodo...

    Secularization era

    The secularization of Turkey started in the society during the last years of the Ottoman Empire and it was the most prominent and most controversial feature of Atatürk's reforms. Under his leadership, the caliphate—the supreme politico-religious office of Sunni Islam, and symbol of the sultan's claim to world leadership of all Muslims—was abolished. The secular power of the religious authorities and functionaries was reduced and eventually eliminated. The religious foundations were nationaliz...

    Sunni Islam

    The vast majority of the present-day Turkish people are Muslim and the most popular school of law is the Hanafite madh'hab of Sunni Islam according to the KONDA Research and Consultancy survey carried out throughout Turkey in 2007.[failed verification] The Hanafi madhhab was the official school of Islamic jurisprudence espoused by the Ottoman Empire and a 2013 survey conducted by the Turkish Directorate of Religious Affairs indicates that 77.5 percent of Turkish Muslims identify themselves as...

    Shia Islam

    Twelver branch of Shia Islam Muslim population of Turkey is composed of Ja'fari aqidah and fiqh, Batiniyya-Sufism aqidah of Maymūn’al-Qāddāhī fiqh of the Alevīs, and Cillī aqidah of Maymūn ibn Abu’l-Qāsim Sulaiman ibn Ahmad ibn at-Tabarānī fiqh of the Alawites, who altogether constitutes nearly one third of the whole population of the country. (An estimate for the Turkish Alevi population varies between Seven and Eleven Millions. Over 75% of the population, on the other hand, overwhelmingly c...


    Folk Islam in Turkey has derived many of its popular practices from Sufism which has good presence in Turkey and Egypt. Particular Sufi shaikhs – and occasionally other individuals reputed to be pious – were regarded after death as saints having special powers. Veneration of saints (both male and female) and pilgrimages to their shrines and graves represent an important aspect of popular Islam in the country. Folk Islam has continued to embrace such practices although the veneration of saints...

    Turkey is a founding member of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation(OIC, formerly the Organisation of the Islamic Conference). The headquarters of some Islamic organizations are located in Turkey: 1. The Islamic Conference Youth Forum for Dialogue and Cooperation (ICYF-DC) in Istanbul 2. The Research Center for Islamic History, Art and Culture (IRCICA), in Istanbul, and 3. The Statistical, Economic and Social Research and Training Centre for Islamic Countries(SESRIC) in Ankara.

    Bein, Amit. Ottoman Ulema, Turkish Republic: Agents of Change and Guardians of Tradition(2011)
    Karakas, Cemal (2007) "Turkey. Islam and Laicism Between the Interests of State, Politics and Society". Peace Research Institute Frankfurt(PRIF), Germany, PRIF-Report No. 78/2007.
    Smith, Thomas W. (2005) "Between Allah and Ataturk: Liberal Islam in Turkey", The International Journal of Human Rights, Vol. 9, No. 3., pp. 307–325.
    Yavuz, M. Hakan. Islamic Political Identity in Turkey (2003)
  2. Feb 17, 2018 · After graduation, Karamehmet returned to his hometown Tarsus, where his father was the head of the local chamber of commerce, and established his first company with the capital of 100.000 TL. In the following years, he started to get more involved in the family company and initiated his own company, Cukurova Holding, which became a conglomerate ...

  3. › directory › pages

    Brabhsáil Leathanaigh. Bands, Businesses, Restaurants, Brands and Celebrities can create Pages in order to connect with their fans and customers on Facebook.

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  4. #2018 Ya • Raw Ranked Sites › 2018-ya

    Tarsus Üniversitesi, 18 Mayıs 2018 tarihli ve 30425 sayılı Resmi Gazete’ de yayımlanan 7141 sayılı Yükseköğretim Kanunu İle Bazı Kanun ve Kanun Hükmünde Kararnamelerde Değişiklik Yapılmasına Dair Kanun ile kurulmuştur.

  5. Alexandria - Unionpedia, the concept map › i › Alexandria

    Alexandria (or; Arabic: الإسكندرية; Egyptian Arabic: إسكندرية; Ⲁⲗⲉⲝⲁⲛⲇⲣⲓⲁ; Ⲣⲁⲕⲟⲧⲉ) is the second-largest city in Egypt and a major economic centre, extending about along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country. 5780 relations.

  6. #2015 En Yeni • Raw Ranked Sites › 2015-en-yeni

    Tarsus Üniversitesi Tarsus Üniversitesi’nin temelleri 1992 yılında Mersin Üniversitesi’ne bağlı olarak kurulan Tarsus Meslek Yüksekokulu ve Tarsus Sağlık Hizmetleri Meslek Yüksekokulu ile atılmıştır. 2001 yılında Tarsus Teknik Eğitim Fakültesi, 2005 yılında Tarsus Uygulamalı Teknoloji ve İşletmecilik Yüksekokulu, 2009 yılında Tarsus Teknoloji Fakültesi ve 2015 ...

  7. Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople - Unionpedia, the ... › i › Ecumenical_Patriarchate_of

    Christianity has a long history in Anatolia (Asia Minor) and the Armenian Highlands (now part of Turkey), which is the birthplace of numerous Christian Apostles and Saints, such as Paul of Tarsus, Timothy, Nicholas of Myra, Polycarp of Smyrna and many others. New!!: Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople and Christianity in Turkey · See more »

  8. Did the Seljuks cooperated, after entering Asia Minor, with ... › Did-the-Seljuks-cooperated-after

    Is like a chess game: My respondent Mehmet, that I respect very much, him and his opinions, is of a Turkish origin. I’m Hellinas. Mehmet in his answer wrote that this is how it happens in the majority of similar cases.Yes he's right.

  9. London Daily News – 2019-08-31 – STATOPERATOR › research › london-daily-news-2019

    Aug 31, 2019 · Best Airport Hotels from Around the WorldThe air travel industry is growing by leaps and bounds As passenger traffic increases around the world on ground facilities are also changing to adapt to new demands and needs of travelers One such growing want is the accommodation of passengers who are required to spend a long duration or even a night ...

  10. Saracen Heart: 03/01/2011 - 04/01/2011 › 2011 › 03

    Mar 06, 2011 · Do not be satisfied with the stories that came before you. Unfold your own myth. -Rumi

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