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  1. › wiki › NepalNepal - Wikipedia

    Nepal's gross domestic product (GDP) for 2019 was $34.186 billion. With an annual growth rate calculated at 6.6% in 2019, and expected 2.89% in 2021, Nepal is one of the fastest-growing economies in the world. However, the country ranks 165th in the world in nominal GDP per capita and 162nd in GDP per capita at PPP.

  2. The territorial disputes of India and Nepal include Kalapani 400 km 2 at India-Nepal-China tri-junction in Western Nepal and Susta 140 km 2 in Southern Nepal. Nepal claims that the river to the west of Kalapani is the main Kali river; hence the area should belong to Nepal.

    • Embassy of Nepal, New Delhi
    • Nepalese Ambassador to India Nilamber Acharya
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    How many people have access to electricity in Nepal?

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    Is there an EPG report from Nepal to India?

    What are the border disputes between Nepal and India?

  4. › wiki › HindiHindi - Wikipedia

    • Etymology
    • History
    • Official Status
    • Geographical Distribution
    • Comparison with Modern Standard Urdu
    • Script
    • Vocabulary
    • Media
    • Sample Text
    • See Also

    The term Hindī originally was used to refer to inhabitants of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. It was borrowed from Classical Persian هندی Hindī (Iranian Persian pronunciation: Hendi), meaning "of or belonging to Hind(India)" (hence, "Indian"). Another name Hindavī (हिन्दवी) or Hinduī (हिन्दुई) (from Persian: هندوی‎ "of or belonging to the Hindu/Indian people") was often used in the past, for example by Amir Khusrowin his poetry. The terms "Hindi" and "Hindu" trace back to Old Persian which derived these names from the Sanskrit name Sindhu (सिन्धु ), referring to the river Indus. The Greek cognates of the same terms are "Indus" (for the river) and "India" (for the land of the river).

    Middle Indo-Aryan to Hindi

    Like other Indo-Aryan languages, Hindi is a direct descendant of an early form of Vedic Sanskrit, through Sauraseni Prakrit and Śauraseni Apabhraṃśa (from Sanskrit apabhraṃśa"corrupt"), which emerged in the 7th century CE. The sound changes that characterized the transition from Middle Indo-Aryan to Hindi are: 1. Compensatory lengthening of vowels preceding geminate consonants, sometimes with spontaneous nasalization: Skt. hasta "hand" > Pkt. hattha > hāth 2. Loss of all word-final vowels: rā...


    After the arrival of Islamic administrative rule in northern India, Old Hindi acquired many loanwords from Persian, as well as Arabic, which led to the development of Hindustani. In the 18th century, an intensively Persianised version of Hindustani emerged and came to be called Urdu.The growing importance of Hindustani in colonial India and the association of Urdu with Muslims prompted Hindus to develop a Sanskritised version of Hindustani, leading to the formation of Modern Standard Hindi.


    Before the standardisation of Hindi on the Delhi dialect, various dialects and languages of the Hindi belt attained prominence through literary standardisation, such as Avadhi and Braj Bhasha. Early Hindi literature came about in the 12th and 13th centuries CE. This body of work included the early epics such as renditions of the Dhola Maru in the Marwari of Marwar, the Prithviraj Raso in the Braj Bhasha of Braj, and the works of Amir Khusrowin the dialect of Delhi. Modern Standard Hindi is ba...


    Part XVII of the Indian Constitution deals with the official language of the Indian Commonwealth. Under Article 343, the official languages of the Union has been prescribed, which includes Hindi in Devanagari script and English: Article 351 of the Indian constitutionstates It was envisioned that Hindi would become the sole working language of the Union Government by 1965 (per directives in Article 344 (2) and Article 351), with state governments being free to function in the language of their...


    Outside Asia, the Awadhi language (an Eastern Hindi dialect) with influence from Bhojpuri, Bihari languages, Fijian and English is spoken in Fiji. It is an official language in Fiji as per the 1997 Constitution of Fiji, where it referred to it as "Hindustani", however in the 2013 Constitution of Fiji, it is simply called "Fiji Hindi".It is spoken by 380,000 people in Fiji.


    Hindi is spoken as a first language by about 77,569 people in Nepal according to the 2011 Nepal census, and further by 1,225,950 people as a second language.

    Hindi is the lingua franca of northern India (which contains the Hindi Belt), as well as an official language of the Government of India, along with English. In Northeast India a pidgin known as Haflong Hindi has developed as a lingua franca for the people living in Haflong, Assam who speak other languages natively.In Arunachal Pradesh, Hindi emerged as a lingua franca among locals who speak over 50 dialects natively. Hindi is quite easy to understand for many Pakistanis, who speak Urdu, which, like Hindi, is a standard register of the Hindustani language; additionally, Indian media are widely viewed in Pakistan. A sizeable population in Afghanistan, especially in Kabul, can also speak and understand Hindi-Urdu due to the popularity and influence of Bollywoodfilms, songs and actors in the region. Hindi is also spoken by a large population of Madheshis (people having roots in north-India but having migrated to Nepal over hundreds of years) of Nepal. Apart from this, Hindi is spoken b...

    Linguistically, Hindi and Urdu are two registers of the same language and are mutually intelligible. Hindi is written in the Devanagari script and contains more Sanskrit-derived words than Urdu, whereas Urdu is written in the Perso-Arabic script and uses more Arabic and Persian loanwords than does Hindi. However, both share a core vocabulary of native Prakrit and Sanskrit-derived words, with large numbers of Arabic and Persian loanwords. Because of this, as well as the fact that the two registers share an identical grammar, a consensus of linguists consider them to be two standardised forms of the same language, Hindustani or Hindi-Urdu. Hindi is the most commonly used official language in India. Urdu is the national language and lingua franca of Pakistan and is one of 22 official languages of India, also having official status in Uttar Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, and Delhi.

    Hindi is written in the Devanagari script, an abugida. Devanagari consists of 11 vowels and 33 consonants and is written from left to right. Unlike for Sanskrit, Devanagari is not entirely phonetic for Hindi, especially failing to mark schwa droppingin spoken Standard Hindi.

    Traditionally, Hindi words are divided into five principal categories according to their etymology: 1. Tatsam (तत्सम "same as that") words: These are words which are spelled the same in Hindi as in Sanskrit (except for the absence of final case inflections). They include words inherited from Sanskrit via Prakrit which have survived without modification (e.g. Hindi नाम nām / Sanskrit नाम nāma, "name"; Hindi कर्म karm / Sanskrit कर्म karma, "deed, action; karma"), as well as forms borrowed directly from Sanskrit in more modern times (e.g. प्रार्थना prārthanā, "prayer"). Pronunciation, however, conforms to Hindi norms and may differ from that of classical Sanskrit. Amongst nouns, the tatsamword could be the Sanskrit non-inflected word-stem, or it could be the nominative singular form in the Sanskrit nominal declension. 2. Ardhatatsam (अर्धतत्सम "semi-tatsama") words: Such words are typically earlier loanwords from Sanskrit which have undergone sound changes subsequent to being borrowed...


    Hindi literature is broadly divided into four prominent forms or styles, being Bhakti (devotional – Kabir, Raskhan); Śṛṇgār (beauty – Keshav, Bihari); Vīgāthā (epic); and Ādhunik(modern). Medieval Hindi literature is marked by the influence of Bhakti movement and the composition of long, epic poems. It was primarily written in other varieties of Hindi, particularly Avadhi and Braj Bhasha, but to a degree also in Delhavi, the basis for Modern Standard Hindi. During the British Raj, Hindustani...


    Hindi literature, music, and film have all been disseminated via the internet. In 2015, Google reported a 94% increase in Hindi-content consumption year-on-year, adding that 21% of users in India prefer content in Hindi. Many Hindi newspapersalso offer digital editions.

    The following is a sample text in High Hindi, of the Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights(by the United Nations): Hindi 1. अनुच्छेद 1 (एक) –सभी मनुष्यों को गौरव और अधिकारों के विषय में जन्मजात स्वतन्त्रता और समानता प्राप्त हैं । उन्हें बुद्धि और अन्तरात्मा की देन प्राप्त है और परस्पर उन्हें भाईचारे के भाव से बर्ताव करना चाहिए । Transliteration (ISO) 1. Anucchēd 1 (ēk) – Sabhī manuṣyō̃ kō gaurav aur adhikārō̃ kē viṣay mē̃ janmajāt svatantratā aur samāntā prāpt haĩ. Unhē̃ buddhi aur antarātmā kī dēn prāpt hai aur paraspar unhē̃ bhāīcārē kē bhāv sē bartāv karnā cāhiē. Transcription (IPA) 1. [ənʊtːʃʰeːd̪ eːk | səbʰiː mənʊʂjõː koː ɡɔːɾəʋ ɔːɾ əd̪ʰɪkɑːɾõː keː ʋɪʂəj mẽː dʒənmədʒɑːt̪ sʋət̪ənt̪ɾət̪ɑː ɔːɾ səmɑːnt̪ɑː pɾɑːpt̪ ɦɛ̃ː ‖ ʊnʰẽː bʊd̪ːʰɪ ɔːɾ ənt̪əɾɑːt̪mɑː kiː d̪eːn pɾɑːpt̪ ɦɛː ɔːɾ pəɾəspəɾ ʊnʰẽː bʰɑːiːtʃɑːɾeː keː bʰɑːʋ seː bəɾtɑːʋ kəɾnɑː tʃɑːɦɪeː ‖] Gloss (word-to-word) 1. Article 1 (one) –All human-beings to dignity and rights' matter in from-birth freedom and equalit...

  5. The India–Nepal border is an open international border running between India and Nepal. The 1,770 km (1,099.83 mi) long border includes the Himalayan territories as well as Indo-Gangetic Plain. The current border was delimited after the Sugauli treaty of 1816 between Nepal and the British Raj. Following Indian independence, the current border ...

    • 1,770 kilometres (1,100 mi)
    • India Nepal
  6. Nepal. ISKCON Temple Nepal or ISKCON Nepal is located in Kathmandu. The geographic coordinates of ISKCON Nepal are 27.784062° or (27°47'2.62") of North and 85.356938° or (85°21'24.98") of East. It is on the lap of Shivapuri Mountain where the Holy Bishnumati River flows.

  7. Solar power stations. Simikot 50 kW. Gamgadhi 50 kW. Dhobighat Oxidaizing Pond 680.4 kW, Owner:KUKL, Dedicated 11 kV feeder connecting to Teku Substation. 10 other small hydropower stations (total: 2460. 29 small isolated hydropower stations (total: 5.676 MW) Upcoming Hydro-power Projects in Nepal. Hydro-Power Station.

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