- The Gunpowder Plot was a plan to blow up the Houses of Parliament in London and kill the King. King James I was due to hold a ceremony on 5th November 1605 in the Houses of Parliament, where the government meets to discuss politics. The plotters were led by a man called Robert Catesby and included Guy Fawkes.
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The Gunpowder Plot was one of the most famous attempts to kill a king in British history. A group of men, including one named Guy Fawkes, planned to blow up the Houses of Parliament. They were caught before they could carry out the plot, however.
- Trial and Executions
- Historical Impact
- Accusations of State Conspiracy
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Robert Catesby led the planning of the conspiracy, which started in May 1604. The people who helped him were either rich Catholics, or gentry families who had a lot of influence. Catesby may have come up with the plot when he saw that there was little hope that Great Britain would become more tolerant to Roman Catholics, under King James I. Many Catholics were disappointed about the situation. It is more likely though that Catesby simply wanted to give the Catholics in England a chance: The plot was to be the first step of a rebellion. Afterwards, James' nine-year-old daughter (Princess Elizabeth) could be put in as a Catholic head of state. Other plotters were Thomas Winter (also spelled Wintour), Robert Winter, John Wright, Christopher Wright, Robert Keyes, Thomas Percy (also spelled Percye), John Grant, Ambrose Rokewood, Sir Everard Digby, Francis Tresham and Thomas Bates (Catesby's servant). The explosives were prepared by Guy "Guido" Fawkes, a man with 10 years military experie...
In the 17th century, the Palace of Westminster was made of many buildings, spread over a large area. They were grouped around the medievalchambers, chapels, and halls of the old royal palace. This palace housed both Parliament and the various law courts. The palace was also easier to access than it is today. Merchants, lawyers, and other people lived and worked on the palace grounds. As a member of the King's Bodyguard, Percy was able to lease rooms next to the House of Lords, in May 1604. The plotters' original idea was to dig their way under the foundations of the Lords chamber to put the gunpowder there. The main idea was to kill James, but many other important targets would be present, including most of the Protestant nobility and senior bishops of the Church of England. Guy Fawkes, as "John Johnson", was put in charge of this building, where he posed as Percy's servant. Catesby's house in Lambeth was used to store the gunpowder with the tools for digging. However, the Black Pla...
During the preparation, several of the conspirators had been concerned about the safety of fellow Catholics who would be present in Parliament on the day of the planned explosion. On the evening of Friday, 26 October Lord Monteagle received an anonymous letter while at his house in Hoxton. Monteagle had the note read out loud, possibly to warn the plotters that the secret was out, and promptly handed it over to Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, the Secretary of State. The conspirators learned of the letter the following day, but decided to go ahead with their plan, especially after Fawkes inspected the undercroft and found that nothing had been touched. Having been shown the letter, the King ordered Sir Thomas Knyvet to conduct a search of the cellars underneath Parliament, which he did in the early hours of 5 November. Shortly after midnight, Fawkes was found leaving the cellar the conspirators had rented and was arrested, giving his name as John Johnson. Inside, the barrels of...
On hearing of the failure of the plot, the conspirators fled towards Huddington Court near Worcester, a family home of Thomas and Robert Wintour. Heavy rain, however, slowed their travels. Many of them were caught by Richard Walsh, the Sheriff of Worcestershire, when they arrived in Stourbridge. The remaining men attempted a revolt in the Midlands. This failed, coming to a dramatic end at Holbeche House in Staffordshire, where there was a shoot-out resulting in the deaths of Catesby and Percy and capture of several other principal conspirators. Jesuits and others were then rounded up in other locations in Britain, with some being killed by torture during interrogation. Robert Wintour managed to remain on the run for two months before he was captured at Hagley Park. The conspirators were tried on 27 January 1606 in Westminster Hall. All of the plotters pleaded "Not Guilty" except for Sir Everard Digby, who attempted to defend himself on the grounds that the King had reneged on his pr...
Greater freedom for Catholics to worship as they chose seemed unlikely in 1604, but after the plot in 1605, changing the law to afford Catholics leniency became unthinkable; Catholic Emancipationtook another 200 years. Nevertheless, many important and loyal Catholics retained high office in the kingdom during King James' reign. Interest in the demonic was heightened by the Gunpowder Plot. The king himself had become engaged in the great debate about other-worldly powers in writing his Daemonology in 1597, before he became King of England as well as Scotland. The apparent devilish nature of the gunpowder plot also partly inspired William Shakespeare's Macbeth. Demonic inversions (such as the line fair is foul and foul is fair) are frequently seen in the play. Another possible reference made in Macbeth was to equivocation, as Henry Garnett’s A Treatise of Equivocationwas found on one of the plotters, and a resultant fear was that Jesuits could evade the truth through equivocation: The...
When Parliament met in January 1606 for the first time after the plot they passed an Act of Parliament called the "Thanksgiving Act". This made services and sermons commemorating the Plot an annual feature on 5 November. The act remained in force until 1859. On 5 November 1605, it is said that the people of London celebrated the defeat of the plot with fires and street festivities. The tradition of marking the day with the ringing of church bells and bonfires started soon after the Plot and fireworks were also included in some of the earliest celebrations. In Britain the fifth of November is also called Bonfire Night, Fireworks Night or Guy Fawkes Night. It remains the custom in Britain, on or around 5 November, to let off fireworks. Traditionally, in the weeks running up to the 5th, children made "guys"—effigies supposedly of Fawkes—usually made from old clothes stuffed with newspaper, and with a grotesque mask, to be burnt on the 5 November bonfire. These effigies would be shown i...
Many at the time felt that Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury had been involved in the plot to gain favour with the king and enact more stridently anti-Catholic legislation. Such theories alleged that Cecil had either actually invented the plot or allowed it to continue when his agents had already infiltrated it, for the purposes of propaganda. These rumours were the start of a long-lasting conspiracy theoryabout the plot. Yet while there was no "golden time" of "toleration" of Catholics which Father Garnet had hoped for at the start of James' reign, the legislative backlash had nothing to do with the plot: it had already happened by 1605, as recusancy fines were re-imposed and some priests expelled. There was no purge of Catholics from power and influence in the kingdom after the Gunpowder Plot, despite Puritan complaints. The reign of James I was, in fact, a time of relative leniency for Catholics, few being subject to prosecution. This did not dissuade some from continuing to cl...Elizabeth IA contemporary engraving of eight of the thirteen conspirators, by Crispijn van de Passe. Missing are Digby, Keyes, Rookwood, Grant, and Tresham.The House of Lords (highlighted in red) on John Rocque's 1746 map of London, within the Old Palace of Westminster.The River Thames is to the right.William Capon's map of Parliament clearly labels the undercroft used by "Guy Vaux" to store the gunpowder.
- The Gunpowder Plot
- Christianity in England
- The Plot Thickens
''Remember, remember, the fifth of November. Gunpowder, treason, and plot. I see no reason why Gunpowder Treason should ever be forgot.'' So goes one of England's most famous nursery rhymes. It's a bit creepy, like some of their other nursery rhymes (did you know Ring around the Rosie is about people dying of plague?). It's a story of the Gunpowder Plot, a conspiracy, or secret plan, to kill the king of England. Although the plan failed and the king survived, it tells of an important time in English history.
In the 1500s, England left the Catholic Church. However, there were still Catholics in England. The English monarchs didn't like Catholics very much, and sometimes punished them. In 1603, England's queen died and the throne passed to King James I. While James was a Protestant, it was rumored that he would be much nicer to Catholics than the previous queen had been. At first, James seemed like a cool guy, but many of his advisors were very anti-Catholic., In 1604 he announced that he was totally against Catholicism, and banished all Catholic priests from the kingdom.
For some Catholics, James I had gone too far. A man named Robert Catesby decided to do something about it. He started a plan to kill the king, then seize the young princess Elizabeth and use her to make England Catholic again. But he needed help. Catesby asked a mercenary, or a soldier for hire, for help. This man, Guy Fawkes, had spent much of his life fighting for Catholic Spain in the Netherlands. During this time fighting for Spain, he learned about digging tunnels under the enemy and setting off explosives beneath them. Catesby and Fawkes decided to do this beneath Parliament to destroy the English government.
In 1605, a group of English Roman Catholics conspired to blow up Parliament and King James I, his queen, and his oldest son in what is now known as the Gunpowder Plot. The leader of the plot was Robert Catesby, and his four co-conspirators were Thomas Winter, Thomas Percy, John Wright, and Guy Fawkes. All these men were zealous Roman Catholics angered by the refusal of James—who was a Protestant—to grant more religious toleration to Catholics.
Facts about the Gunpowder Plot for Kids 2500 kilograms of gunpowder had been amassed for the plot. Following the plot, even more restrictive laws for Catholics were put in place. They were forbidden from voting, for example.
The Gunpowder Plot was a plan to blow up the Houses of Parliament in London and kill the King. King James I was due to hold a ceremony on 5th November 1605 in the Houses of Parliament, where the government meets to discuss politics. The plotters were led by a man called Robert Catesby and included Guy Fawkes. They were angry at the bad treatment of Catholics by the Protestant king.
Learn about the Gunpowder Plot of the 5th of November and Guy Fawkes, one of the plotters who helped plan the attack on the British Parliament.
- 10 min
- Bedtime History
Oct 28, 2020 · The Gunpowder Plot Worksheets This bundle contains 12 ready-to-use Gunpowder Plot Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more about the The Gunpowder Plot which was a failed attempt to blow up England’s King James I (1566-1625) and the Parliament Building on November 5, 1605.liberties of all Americans.