The October Revolution, [a] officially known as the Great October Socialist Revolution [b] under the Soviet Union, also known as the Bolshevik Revolution,  was a revolution in Russia led by the Bolshevik Party of Vladimir Lenin that was a key moment in the larger Russian Revolution of 1917–1923. It was the second revolutionary change of ...
- 7 November 1917 [O.S. 25 October]
- Bolshevik victory, End of the dual power, Dissolution of the Russian Provisional Government, The Second Congress of Soviets proclaims itself the supreme governing body in the country, Kerensky and Krasnov's failed attempt to retake the capital, Constituent Assembly election held under heavy Bolshevik pressure, Beginning of the Russian Civil War
The October Revolution was actually the second Russian revolution of 1917. In March, revolutionaries led by the Petrograd soviet, or council, violently overthrew Czar Nicholas II, the monarch whose family had ruled Russia for more than three centuries. The czar ist government was replaced by a republic, largely led by Russian noble s.
One hundred years ago, in wartime Petrograd, Russian radicals known as the Bolsheviks carried out “ the Great October Socialist Revolution .” On the night of October 24, 1917, Bolshevik Red Guards began to take control of key points in the Russian capital—railway stations, telegraph offices, and government buildings.
October Revolution, also called Bolshevik Revolution, (Oct. 24–25 [Nov. 6–7, New Style], 1917), the second and last major phase of the Russian Revolution of 1917, in which the Bolshevik Party seized power in Russia, inaugurating the Soviet regime. See Russian Revolution of 1917.
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In the evening of October 25th, Bolshevik Red Guards moved on government positions around the city of Petrograd. They then invaded the Winter Palace, where several government ministers were resident. Within hours, the Provisional Government had been deposed and its members had either fled or been arrested. The armed seizure of power was organised a...
The push for an immediate seizure of power came from Lenin. The Bolshevik leader remained in hiding in Finland through September but he penned a torrent of letters to his colleagues urging them to overthrow the Provisional Government as soon as possible. To delay would be fatal, Lenin argued, offering a range of scenarios. Kerensky may submit to a...
The order finally came in the evening. At 9.45pm sailors from the Kronstadt naval depot fired a blank shell from the cruiser Aurora, a signal to begin the assault. The palace was bombarded with artillery from across the Neva River, while Red Guards began firing on the buildings defensive positions with small arms. The militia and cadets inside the ...
Meanwhile, as the guns were ringing out across Petrograd, the second Congress of Soviets was getting underway in the great hall at the Smolny. The Bolsheviks had around 300 delegates, their Left SR allies approximately 80; this gave them a small majority in the 670-delegate congress. But the meeting began with a flurry of speeches from Mensheviks a...
J. Llewellyn et al, The October Revolution at Alpha History, https://alphahistory.com/russianrevolution/october-revolution/, 2014, accessed [date of last access].
Sep 28, 1997 · The October Revolution Graham Darby argues that the Bolshevik success of 1917 was rooted in the failings of the Provisional Government and the aspiration of ordinary people. Graham Darby | Published in History Review Issue 28 September 1997