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    Su·preme Court
    /səˌprēm ˈkôrt/

    noun

    • 1. the highest judicial court in a country or state.

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  3. Definition of supreme court. 1 : the highest judicial tribunal in a political unit (such as a nation or state) 2 : a court of original jurisdiction in New York state subordinate to a final court of appeals.

  4. A supreme court is the highest court in its jurisdiction. It decides the most important issues of constitutional and statutory law and is intended to provide legal clarity and consistency for the lower appellate and trial courts. Because it is the court of last resort, a supreme court's decisions also produce finality.

  5. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the United States. It acts as the final authority of the judicial branch of government. The judicial branch is made of the many courts that make up the American justice system. As a court, the Supreme Court rules on cases following trials.

    • Supreme Court Background
    • The Justices
    • The Court's Jurisdiction
    • Cases
    • Judicial Review
    • Role
    • Impact

    Article III of the Constitution establishes the federal judiciary. Article III, Section I states that "The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish." Although the Constitution establishes the Supreme Court, it permits Congress to...

    Over the years, various Acts of Congress have altered the number of seats on the Supreme Court, from a low of five to a high of 10. Shortly after the Civil War, the number of seats on the Court was fixed at nine. Today, there is one Chief Justice and eight Associate Justices of the United States Supreme Court. Like all federal judges, justices are ...

    Article III, Section II of the Constitution establishes the jurisdiction (legal ability to hear a case) of the Supreme Court. The Court has original jurisdiction (a case is tried before the Court) over certain cases, e.g., suits between two or more states and/or cases involving ambassadors and other public ministers. The Court has appellate jurisdi...

    When exercising its appellate jurisdiction, the Court, with a few exceptions, does not have to hear a case. The Certiorari Act of 1925 gives the Court the discretion to decide whether or not to do so. In a petition for a writ of certiorari, a party asks the Court to review its case. The Supreme Court agrees to hear about 100-150 of the more than 7,...

    The best-known power of the Supreme Court is judicial review, or the ability of the Court to declare a Legislative or Executive act in violation of the Constitution, is not found within the text of the Constitution itself. The Court established this doctrine in the case of Marbury v. Madison (1803). In this case, the Court had to decide whether an ...

    The Supreme Court plays a very important role in our constitutional system of government. First, as the highest court in the land, it is the court of last resort for those looking for justice. Second, due to its power of judicial review, it plays an essential role in ensuring that each branch of government recognizes the limits of its own power. Th...

    The decisions of the Supreme Court have an important impact on society at large, not just on lawyers and judges. The decisions of the Court have a profound impact on high school students. In fact, several landmark cases decided by the Court have involved students, e.g., Tinker v. Des Moines Independent School District (1969) held that students coul...

  6. Supreme Court (in the US) n 1. (Law) the highest Federal court, possessing final appellate jurisdiction and exercising supervisory jurisdiction over the lower courts 2. (Law) (in many states) the highest state court

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