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Jul 13, 2021 · The "Health Certificates for Food/Feed" currently required primarily by the European Union (EU), are usually consignment-specific and often contain language pertaining to "compliance" of the ...
Apr 16, 2020 · 2019 (COVID-19) Public Health Emergency . Guidance for Industry and . Food and Drug Administration Staff . April 2020 . U.S. Department of Health and Human Services .
As the U.S. population gets older, the number of hip fractures is likely to go up. Each year over 300,000 older people—those 65 and older—are hospitalized for hip fractures. 1. More than 95% of hip fractures are caused by falling, 2 usually by falling sideways. 3. Women fall more often than men. Women more often have osteoporosis, a disease ...
- Otitis Media
- Congenital Causes
- Acquired Causes
- Finding Help
What is otitis media? Otitis media is an inflammation in the middle ear (the area behind the eardrum) that is usually associated with the buildup of fluid. The fluid may or may not be infected. Symptoms, severity, frequency, and length of the condition vary. At one extreme is a single short period of thin, clear, noninfected fluid without any pain or fever but with a slight decrease in hearing ability. At the other extreme are repeated bouts with infection, thick "glue-like" fluid and possible complications such as permanent hearing loss. Fluctuating conductive hearing loss nearly always occurs with all types of otitis media. In fact it is the most common cause of hearing loss in young children. How common is otitis media? Otitis media is the most frequently diagnosed disease in infants and young children (1). Seventy-five percent of children experience at least one episode of otitis media by their third birthday. Almost one-half of these children will have three or more ear infecti...
The term congenital hearing lossimplies that the hearing loss is present at birth. It can include hereditary hearing loss or hearing loss due to other factors present either in utero (prenatal) or at the time of birth. Genetic factorsare thought to cause more than 50% of all incidents of congenital hearing loss in children (4). Genetic hearing loss may be autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, or X-linked (related to the sex chromosome). In autosomal dominant hearing loss , one parent who carries the dominant gene for hearing loss and typically has a hearing loss passes it on to the child. In this case there is at least a 50% probability that the child will also have a hearing loss. The probability is higher if both parents have the dominant gene (and typically both have a hearing loss) or if both grandparents on one side of the family have hearing loss due to genetic causes. Because at least one parent usually has a hearing loss, there is prior expectation that the child may have...
Acquired hearing lossis a hearing loss which appears after birth, at any time in one's life, perhaps as a result of a disease, a condition, or an injury. The following are examples of conditions that can cause acquired hearing loss in children are: 1. Ear infections (otitis media) (link to specific section above) 2. Ototoxic (damaging to the auditory system) drugs 3. Meningitis 4. Measles 5. Encephalitis 6. Chicken pox 7. Influenza 8. Mumps 9. Head injury 10. Noise exposure
How can I find an audiologist or speech-language pathologist? Search ASHA ProFindor contact the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association's Action Center, 2200 Research Boulevard #425, Rockville, Maryland 20850. Phone: 800-638-8255 or 301-296-5700. Where can I find a pediatric audiology facility? Search EHDI-PALS, a website with a national pediatric audiology facilities directory and great educational resources for families.
1. Dhooge, I.J. (2003). Risk factors for the development of otitis media. Current Allergy and Asthma Reports,3: 321–325. 2. National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders. (2002). Otitis media (ear infection)(NIH Publication No. 974216). Bethesda, MD: Author. 3. Alsarraf, R., Jung, C.J., Perkins, J., Crowley, C. & Gates, G.A. (1998). Otitis media health status evaluation: A pilot study for the investigation of cost-effective outcomes of recurrent acute otitis media treatment. Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology, 107: 120–128. 4. Canalis, R.F., & Lambert, P.R. (2000). The ear: Comprehensive otology.Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
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